CWT Bibliography

Clark, James S., David M. Bell, Matthew Kwit, A., Anne Stine, Ben Vierra, and Kai Zhu. 2012. Individual scale inference to anticipate climate change vulnerability of biodiversity. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 367:236-246.

Kramer, Timothy D., Robert J. Warren II, Yaya Tang and Mark Bradford (2012) Grass Invasions Across a Regional Gradient are Associated with Declines in Belowground Carbon Pools (online document: http://www.springerlink.com/content/x70400184h168455/)

A.J. Burton, K.S. Pregitzer, R.W. Ruess, R.L. Hendrick, and M.F. Allen. 2002. Root respiration in North American forests: effects of nitrogen concentration and temperature across biomes. Oecologia (2002) 131:559-568.

Aaron B. Berdanier, Chelcy F. Miniat, and James S. Clark, (2016) Predictive models for radial sap flux variation in coniferous, diffuse-porous and ring-porous temperate trees Tree Physiol. 36 (8): 932-941 doi:10.1093/treephys/tpw027

Abbott, D.T., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1982. Woody litter decomposition following clear-cutting. Ecology 63: 35-42.

Abbott, D.T., T.R. Seastedt, and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1980. The abundance, distribution and effects of clear-cutting on Cryptostigmata in the southern Appalachians. Environmental Entomology 9: 618-623.

Aber, J.D., A. Magill, S.G. McNulty, R.D. Boone, K.J. Nadelhoffer, M. Downs, and R. Hallett. 1995. Forest biogeochemistry and primary production altered by nitrogen saturation. Water, Air and Soil Pollution. 85: 1665-1670.

Adams, M., Knoepp, J.D. and Webster, J.R. 2014. Inorganic nitrogen retention by watersheds at Fernow Experimental Forest and Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory. Soil Science Society of America Journal. (DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2013.11.0463nafsc)

Adams, R.K., and J.A. Spotila. 2005. The form and function of headwater streams based on field and modeling investigations in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 30: 1521-1546.

Addington, R.N., L.A. Donovan, R.J. Mitchell, J.M. Vose, S.D. Pecot, S.B. Jack, U.G. Hacke, J.S. Sperry, and R. Oren. 2006. Adjustments in hydraulic architecture of Pinus palustris maintain similar stomatal conductance in xeric and mesic habitats. Plant Cell and Environment. 29(4): 535-545.

Albright, T. P., D. P. Anderson. N. S. Keuler. S. M. Pearson. M. G. Turner. 2009. The spatial legacy of introduction: Celastrus orbiculatus in the southern Appalachians, USA. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46:1229-1238

Alexander, E.B. 1988. Rates of soil formations: Implications for soil-loss tolerance. Soil Science 45(1): 37-45.

Alexander, E.B. 1989. Response to the letter to the editor. Soil Science. 148(1): 75-76.

Alexei, S., and M. Pridnia. 1995. A comparison of the southern Appalachian (U.S.A.) and southwestern Caucasus (Russia) forests: influences of historical events and present environment. Journal of Biogeochemistry. 22: 1073-1081.

Allen, C.J., A. Heyes. 1998. A preliminary assessment of wet deposition and episodic transport of total and methyl metcury from low order Blue Ridge watersheds, S.E. U.S.A. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 105: 573-592.

Allen, Karen E. and Rebecca Moore. 2016. Moving beyond the exchange value in the nonmarket valuation of ecosystem services. Ecosystem Services 18:78-86. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.02.002.

Alverson, A.J., and G.W. Courtney. 2001. Niche overlap of sympatric Blepharicera larvae (Diptera: Blephariceridae) from the southern Appalachian Mountains. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 20(4): 564-581.

Amy D. Rosemond, Jonathan P. Benstead, Phillip M. Bumpers, Vladislav Gulis, John S. Kominoski, David W. P. Manning, Keller Suberkropp, and J. Bruce Wallace. 2015. Experimental nutrient additions accelerate terrestrial carbon loss from stream ecosystems. Science. 347:1142-1145. DOI:10.1126/science.aaa1958.

Anderson, D.P., Turner, M.G., Pearson, S.M., Albright, T.P., Peet, R.K. and Wieben, A. 2013. Predicting Microstegium vimineum invasion in natural plant communities of the southern Blue Ridge Mountains, USA. Biological Invasions. 15(6):1217-1230. (DOI: 10.1007/s10530-012-0361-3)

Anderson, M. 1989. Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta Forestry 62(2).

Andre, H., X. Ducarme, J. Anderson, D. Crossley Jr., H. Koehler, M. Paoletti, D. Walter, and P. Lebrun. 2001. Rebuttal letter re: Skilled eyes are needed to go studying the richness for the soil.Nature. 409(761)

April, R., and D. Keller. 1990. Mineralogy of the rhizosphere in forestsoils of the eastern United States. Biogeochemistry 9: 1-18.

Ardon, M., Pringle, C.M., Eggert, S.L. 2009. Does leaf chemistry differentially affect breakdown in tropical vs temperate streams? Importance of standardized analytical techniques to measure leaf chemistry. North American Benthological Society, 28(2):440-

Argerich, A., S.L. Johnson, S.D. Sebestyen, C.C. Rhoades, E. Greathouse, J.D. Knoepp, M.B. Adams, G.E. Likens, J.L. Campbell, W.H. McDowell, F.N. Scatena and G.G. Ice. Trends in stream nitrogen concentrations for forested reference catchments across the USA. 2013. Environmental Research Letters 8:014039 (8pp).

Autry, A., and J. Fitzgerald. 1991. Short Communication: Determination of kinetic parameters for sulfur processing potentials: verification of the constant specific activity approach. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 23(10): 1003-1004.

Autry, A.R., and J.W. Fitzgerald, and P.R. Caldwell. 1990. Sulfur fractions and retention mechanisms in forest soils. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 20: 337-342.

Autry, A.R., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1990. Sulfonate-S a major form of forest soil organic sulfur. Biology and Fertility of Soil 10: 50-56.

Autry, A.R., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1991. Organosulfur formation in forest soils: site comparison of kinetic parameters. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 23(7): 689-693.

Autry, A.R., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1991. Potential for organic sufur accumulation in a variety of forest soils at saturating concentrations of sulfate. Biology Fertility of Soils 10: 281- 284.

Autry, A.R., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1993. Relationship between microbial activity, biomass and organosulfur formation in forest soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 25(1): 33-39.

Baer, S., Siler, E., Eggert, S., Wallace, J. 2001. Colonization and production of macroinvertebrates on artificial substrata: upstream-downstream responses to a leaf litter exclusion manipulation. Freshwater Biology, 46: 347-365

Baer, S.G., E.R. Siler, S.L. Eggert, and J.B. Wallace. 2001. Colonization and production of macroinvertebrates on artificial substrata: upstream-downstream responses to a leaf litter exclusion manipulation. Freshwater Biology. 46: 347-365.

Bain, D. J, Green, M. B, Campbell, J. L, Chamblee, J.F., Chaoka, S., Fraterrigo, J.M., Kaushal, S. S, Martin, S. L, Jordan, T. E, Parolari, A. J, Sobczak, W. V, Weller, D. E, Wolheim, W. W, Boose, E. R, Duncan, J., Gettel, G. M, Hall, B. R, Kumar, P., Thompson, J. R, Vose, J.M., Elliott, E. M and Leigh, D.S. 2012. Legacy Effects in Material Flux: Structural Catchment Changes Predate Long-Term Studies. Bioscience. 62(6):575-584.

Baker, T.T. and D.H. Van Lear. 1998. Relations between density of rhododendron thickets and diversity of riparian forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 109: 21-32.

Ball, B. A., M. D. Hunter, J. S. Kominoski, C. M. Swan, and M. A. Bradford. 2008. Consequences of non-random species loss on decomposition dynamics: Evidence for additive and non-additive effects. Journal of Ecology 96:303-313.

Ball, B.A., Bradford, M.A. 2009. Nitrogen and Phosphorus Release from Mixed Litter Layers is Lower than Predicted from Single Species Decay. Ecosystems 12: 87-100

Ball, B.A., Bradford, M.A., Coleman, D.C., Hunter, M.D. 2009. Linkages between below and aboveground communities: Decomposer responses to simulated tree species loss are largely additive. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 40: 155-1163.

Band, L. E., McDonnell, J. J., Duncan, J. M., Barros, A., Bejan, A., Burt, T., Dietrich, W. E., Emanuel, R. E., Hwang, T., Katul, G., Kim, Y., McGlynn, B., Miles, B., Porporato, A., Scaife, C. and Troch, P. A. (2014), Ecohydrological flow networks in the subsurface. Ecohydrol., 7: 1073–1078. doi:10.1002/eco.1525

Band, L.E., Hwang, T., Hales, T., Vose, J.M. and Miniat, C.F. 2012. Ecosystem processes at the watershed scale: Mapping and modeling ecohydrological controls of landslides. Geomorphology. 137(1):159-167.

Bardgett, R.D., J.M. Anderson, V. Behan-Pelletier, L. Brussaard, D.C. Coleman, C. Ettema, A. Moldenke, J.P. Schimel, and D.H. Wall. 2001. The Influence of Soil Biodiversity on Hydrological Pathways and the Transfer of Materials between Terrestrial and Aqu

Barr, T.C. Jr. 1971. The North American Pterostichus of the subgenus Cylindrocharis Casey (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Novitates 2445. American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY.

Barrett, J.C., and G.D. Grossman. 1988. Effects of direct current electrofishing on the mottled sculpin. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 8: 112-116.

Barten, P.K. 1989. Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. American Scientist 78: 64.

Bartman, C.E., K.C. Parker, J. Laerm, and T.S. McCay. 2001. Short-Term Response Of Jordan's Salamander To A Shelterwood Timber Harvest In Western North Carolina. Physcial Georgraphy. 22(2): 154-166.

Barton, C.D., Andrews, D.M., Kolka, R.A. 2008. Evaluating Hydroperiod Response in Restored Carolina Bay Wetlands Using Soil Physicochemical Properties. Restoration Ecology 16(4) 668-677.

Beachy, C., Bruce, R. 2003. Life history of a small form of the plethodontid salamander Desmognathus quadramaculatus. Amphibia-Reptilia, 24 (1): 13-26

Beckage, B., and J. Clark. 2005. Does predation contribute to tree diversity? Oecologia. 143: 458-469.

Beckage, B., and J.S. Clark. 2003. Seedling survival and growth of three forest tree species: the role of spatial heterogeneity. Ecology: 84(7): 1849-1861.

Beckage, B., B.D. Kloeppel, J.A. Yeakley, S.F. Taylor, and D.C. Coleman. 2008. Differential effects of understory and overstory gaps on tree regeneration. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 135(1):1-11.

Beckage, B., J.S. Clark, B.D. Clinton, and B.L. Haines. 2000. A long-term study of tree seedling recruitment in southern Appalachian forests: the effects of canopy gaps and shrub understudies. Canadian Journal Forestry Research. 30: 1617-1631.

Beckage, B., L. Joseph, P. Belisle, D.B. Wolfson, and W.J. Platt. 2007. Bayesian change-point analyses in ecology. New Phytologist. 174: 456-467.

Beckage, B., M. Lavine, and J. Clark. 2005. Survival of tree seedlings across space and time: estimates from long-term count data. Journal of Ecology. 93: 1177-1184.

Becker, V.E. 1980. Nitrogen Fixing Lichens in Forests of the Southern Appalachian Mountains of North Carolina. The Bryologist 83(1) 29-39.

Beier, C.M., J.L. Horton, J.F. Walker,B.D. Clinton, and E.T. Nilsen. 2005. Carbon limitation leads to suppression of first year oak seedlings beneath evergreen understory shrubs in Southern Appalachian hardwood forests. Plant Ecology. 176: 131-142.

Belden, Lisa K., William E. Peterman, Stephen A. Smith, Lauren R. Brooks, E.F. Benfield, Wesley P. Black, Zhaomin Yang and Jeremy M. Wojdak. 2012. Metagonimoides oregonensis (Heterophyidae: Digenea) Infection In Pleurocerid Snails and Desmognathus quadramaculatus Salamander Larvae In Southern Appalachian Streams. Journal of Parasitology 98(4):760-767.

Bell, D.M. & Clark, J.S. (2016), Seed predation and climate impacts on reproductive variation in temperate forests of the southeastern USA, Oecologia 180: 1223. doi:10.1007/s00442-015-3537-6

Benfield, E.F. 1997. Comparison of litterfall input to streams. In Webster, J.R. and J.L. Meyer (eds.), Stream organic matter budgets. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 16: 104-108.

Benfield, E.F. and Jack R. Webster. 1985. Shredder abundance and leaf breakdown in an Appalachian Mountain stream. Freshwater Biology 15(1):113-120.

Benfield, E.F., and J.R. Webster. 1991. Effects of forest disturbance on leaf breakdown in southern Appalachian streams. Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinlgung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Linmonogie 24: 1678-1690.

Benfield, E.F., J.R. Webster, J.J. Hutchens, J.L. Tank, and P.A. Turner. 2000. Organic matter dynamics along a streaorder and elevational gradient in a southern Appalachian stream. Verhandlungen International Vereinigung Limnologie. 27:1341-1345.

Benfield, E.F., J.R. Webster, J.L. Tank, and J.J.Hutchens. 2001. Long-Term Patterns in Leaf Breakdown in Streams in Response to Watershed Logging. International Review of Hydrobiology. 86(4-5): 467-474.

Benke, A., Huryn, A., Smock, L., Wallace, J. 1999. Length-mass relationships for freshwater macroinvertebrates in North America with particular reference to the southeastern United States. The North American Benthological Society, 18(3):308-343

Benke, A.C., and J.B. Wallace. 1980. Trophic basis of production among net-spinning caddisflies in a southern Appalachian stream. Ecology 61: 108-118.

Benstead, J., Rosemond, A., Cross, W., Wallace, J., Eggert, S., Suberkropp, K., Gulis, V., Greenwood, J., Tant, C. 2009. Nutrient enrichment alters storage and fluxes of detritus in a headwater stream ecosystem. Ecology, 90(9):2556-2566

Benstead, Jonathan P., and David S. Leigh, 2012, An Expanded Role for River Networks. Nature Geoscience 5:678-679.

Berdanier, A. and J.S. Clark. 2016. Multi-year drought-induced morbidity preceding tree death in Southeastern US forests. Ecological Applications 26(1):17-23. doi: 10.1890/15-0274.1

Berdanier, A. B., and J. S. Clark. 2016. Divergent reproductive allocation trade-offs with canopy exposure across tree species in temperate forests. Ecosphere 7(6):e01313. 10.1002/ecs2.1313

Berglund, E.R. 1989. Forest Hydrology and Ecology at Coweeta. Water Resources Bulletin 25(2): 455-458.

Berish, C.W., and H.L. Ragsdale. 1984. Chronological sequence of element concentrations in wood of Carya spp. in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 15: 477-483.

Berish, C.W., and H.L. Ragsdale. 1986. Metals in low-elevation, Southern Appalachian forest floor and soil. Journal of Environmental Quality 15(2): 183-187.

Bernot, M. J., D. J. Sobota, R. O. Hall, Jr, P. J. Mulholland, W. K. Dodds, J. R. Webster, J. L. Tank, L. R. Ashkenas, L. W. Cooper, C. N. Dahm, S. V. Gregory, N. B. Grimm, S. K. Hamilton, S. L. Johnson, W. H. McDowell, J. L. Meyer, B. Peterson, G. C. Poole, H. M. Valett, et al. 2010. Inter-regional comparison of land-use effects on stream metabolism. Freshwater Biology, 55: 1874-1890.

Biswell, H.H., and M.D. Hoover. 1945. Appalachian hardwood trees browsed by cattle. Journal of Forestry 43: 675-676.

Bjorkland, R., C.M. Pringle, and B. Newton. 2001. A stream visual assessment protocol (SVAP) for riparian landowners. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 68: 99-125.

Black, P.E. 1959. Interception of rainfall by a hardwood canopy. University of Istanbul, Orman Fakultesi: Dergisi 9(2): 218-224.

Blair, J.M. 1988. Nitrogen, sulfur and phosphorus dynamics in decomposing deciduous leaf litter in the Southern Appalachians. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 20(5): 693-701.

Blair, J.M. 1988. Nutrient release from decomposing foliar litter of three tree species with special reference to calcium, magnesium and potassium dynamics. Plant and Soil 110: 49-55.

Blair, J.M., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1988. Litter decomposition, nitrogen dynamics and litter microarthropods in a Southern Appalachian hardwood forest 8 years following clearcutting. Journal of Applied Ecology 25: 683-698.

Blair, J.M., D. Crossley Jr., and L.C. Callaham. 1991. A litterbasket technique for measurement of nutrient dynamics in forest floors. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 34: 465-471.

Blair, J.M., D.A. Crossley Jr., and L.C. Callaham. 1992. Effects of litter quality and microarthropods on N-dynamics and retention of exogenous N-15 in decomposing litter. Biol. Fert. Soils 12: 241-252.

Blair, J.M., D.A. Crossley Jr., and S. Rider. 1989. Effects of naphthalene on microbial activity and nitrogen pools in soil-litter microcosms. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 21(4): 507-510.

Blair, J.M., R.W. Parmelee, and M.H. Beare. 1990. Decay rates, nitrogen fluxes, and decomposer communities of single- and mixed-species foliar litter. Ecology 71(5): 1976-1985.

Block, C., Knoepp, J.D. and Fraterrigo, J.M. 2013. Interactive effects of disturbance and nitrogen availability on phosphorus dynamics of southern Appalachian forests. Biogeochemistry. 112:329-342. (DOI: 10.1007/s10533-012-9727-y)

Block, C., Knoepp, J.D., Elliott, K. and Fraterrigo, J.M. 2012. Impacts of Hemlock Loss on Nitrogen Retention Vary with Soil Nitrogen Availability in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. Ecosystems. 15(7):1108-1120. (DOI: 10.1007/s10021-012-9572-9)

Boll, Jan, Erin S. Brooks, Brian Crabtree, Shuhui Dun, and Tammo S. Steenhuis, 2015. Variable Source Area Hydrology Modeling with the Water Erosion Prediction Project Model. Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA) 51(2): 330-342. DOI: 10.1111/1752-1688.12294.

Bolstad, P.V., and J.M. Vose. 2005. Forest and Pasture Carbon Pools and Soil Respiration in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. Forest Science. 51(4): 372-383.

Bolstad, P.V., and T.L. Gragson. 2008. Resource abundance constraints on the early post-contact Cherokee population. Journal of Archeological Science 35:563-576.

Bolstad, P.V., and W.T. Swank. 1997. Cumulative impacts of landuse on water quality in a southern Appalachian watershed. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 33(3): 519-533.

Bolstad, P.V., K. Mitchell, and J.M. Vose. 1999. Foliar temperature-respiration response functions for broad-leaved tree species in the southern Appalachians. Tree Physiology. 19: 871-878

Bolstad, P.V., L. Swift, F. Collins, and J. Regniere. 1998. Measured and predicted air temperatures at basin to regional scales in the southern Appalachian mountains. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 91: 161-176.

Bolstad, P.V., W. Swank, J. Vose. 1998. Predicting Southern Appalachian overstory vegetation with digital terrain data. Landscape Ecology. 13: 271-283.

Bolstad, Paul V., James M. Vose and Steven G. McNulty. 2000. Forest Productivity, Leaf Area, and Terrain in Southern Appalachian Deciduous Forests. Forest Science 47(3):419-427.

Bonito, G.M., D.C. Coleman, B.L. Haines, and M.L. Cabrera. 2002. Can nitrogen budgets explain differences in soil nitrogen mineralization rates of forest stands along an elevations gradient? Forestry Ecology and Management. 176: 563-574.

Booth, D. B., Kraseski, K. A. and Rhett Jackson, C. (2014), Local-scale and watershed-scale determinants of summertime urban stream temperatures. Hydrol. Process., 28: 2427-2438. doi: 10.1002/hyp.9810

Boring, L., and W. Swank. 1984. The role of black locust (Robinia pseudo-acacia) in forest succession. Journal of Ecology 72: 749-766.

Boring, L.R., and W.T. Swank. 1984. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation in regenerating black locust (Robinia pseudo-acacia L.) stands. Forest Science 30(2): 528-537.

Boring, L.R., C.D. Monk, and W.T. Swank. 1981. Early regeneration of a clear-cut Southern Appalachian forest. Ecology 62: 1244-1253.

Boring, L.R., W.T. Swank, J.B. Waide, and G.S. Henderson. 1988. Sources, fates, and impacts of nitrogen inputs to terrestrial ecosystems: review and synthesis: Part 1 of 2. Biogeochemistry 6: 119-159.

Bosch, J.M., and J.D. Hewlett. 1980. A review of catchment experiments to determine the effect of vegetation changes on water yield and evapotrasnpiration. Journal of Hydrology. 55: 3-23.

Boullé, V., Grossman, G.D. 1991. Effects of Rosyside Dace (Clinostomus funduloides) on Microhabitat Use of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 48(7): 1235-1243.

Boyer, J.S., and E.B. Knipling. 1965. Isopiestic technique for measuring leaf water potentials with a thermocouple psychrometer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 54(4): 1044-1051.

Bradford, M.A., B. W. Watts, C. A. Davies. 2010. Thermal adaptation of heterotrophic soil respiration in laboratory microcosms. Global Change Biology, 16: 1576-1588.

Bradford, M.A., DeVore, J.L., Maerz, J.C., McHugh, J.V., Smith, C.L., Strickland, M.S. 2009. Native, insect herbivore communities derive a significant proportion of their carbon from a widespread invader of forest understories. Biol Invasions.

Bradford, M.A., et al. 2009. Decreased mass specific respiration under experimental warming is robust to the microbial biomass method employed. Ecology Letters, 12: E15-E18.

Bradford, M.A., Strickland, M.S., Devore, J.L., Maerz, J.C. (2012) Root carbon flow from an invasive plant to belowground foodwebs. Plant and Soil. DOI: 10.1007/s11104-012-1210-y

Bradford, M.A., T. Gancos, and C.J. Frost. 2008. Slow-cycle effects of foliear herbivory alter the nitrogen acquistion and population size of Collembola. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 40: 1253-1258

Bradford, Mark A., Ashley D. Keiser, Christian A. Davies, Calley A. Mersmann and Michael S. Strickland. 2013. Empirical evidence that soil carbon formation from plant inputs is positively related to microbial growth. Biogeochemistry 113: 271-281.

Bradford, Mark A., Robert J.Warren II, Petr Baldrian, Thomas W. Crowther, Daniel S. Maynard, Emily E. Oldfield,William R.Wieder, Stephen A.Wood and Joshua R. King, 2014. Climate Fails to Predict Wood Decomposition at Regional Scales. In Nature Climate Change, Letters, advanced online publication at www.nature.com/natureclimatechange

Brannan, J.R., J.A. Reneke, and J. Waide. 1984. A diffusion model of forest succession. Mathematical Biosciences 69: 131-149.

Brantley, S. T., Miniat, C. F., Elliott, K. J., Laseter, S. H. and Vose, J. M. (2014), Changes to southern Appalachian water yield and stormflow after loss of a foundation species. Ecohydrology. Doi: 10.1002/eco.1521

Brantley, S.T., Miniat, C.F. and Vose, J.M. 2013. Future species composition will affect forest water use after loss of eastern hemlock from southern Appalachian forests. Ecological Applications. 23(4):777-790. (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/12-0616.1)

Brantley, Steven T., Morgan L. Schulte, Paul V. Bolstad, and Chelcy F. Miniat. 2016. Equations for Estimating Biomass, Foliage Area, and Sapwood of Small Trees in the Southern Appalachians. Forest Science. 62(4)414-421. http://dx.doi.org/10.5849/forsci.15-041.

Brian J. Burke, Meredith Welch-Devine, Seth Gustafson, Nik Heynen, Jennifer L. Rice, Ted L. Gragson, Sakura R. Evans & Donald R. Nelson (2015): Can Science Writing Collectives Overcome Barriers to More Democratic Communication and Collaboration? Lessons from Environmental Communication Praxis in Southern Appalachia, Environmental Communication, DOI: 10.1080/17524032.2014.999695

Britton, K., W. Pepper, D. Loftis, and D. Chellemi. 1994. Effect of timber harvest practices on populations of Cornus florida and severity of dogwood anthracnose in western North Carolina. Plant Disease 78(4): 398-402.

Britton, K.O. 1993. Anthracnose infection of Dogwood seedlings exposed to natural inoculum in western North Carolina. Plant Disease. 77(1): 34-37.

Brockman, E.R., and R.L. Todd. 1974. Fruiting myxobacters as viewed with a scanning electron microscope. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 24: 118-124.

Brookshire, E.N.J., H.M. Valett, S.A. Thomas, and J.R. Webster. 2005. Coupled cycling of dissolved organic nitrogen and carbon in forest streams. Ecology 86(9): 2487-2496.

Brookshire, J., S. Gerber, J.R. Webster, J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. Direct effects of temperature on forest nitrogen cycling revealed through analysis of long term watershed records. Global Change Biology

Brookshite, E.N.J, Valett, H.M., Gerber, S. 2009. Maintenance of terrestrial nutrient loss signatures during in-stream transport. The Ecological Society of America, 90(2): 293-299

Bruce, R. 2011. COMMUNITY ASSEMBLY IN THE SALAMANDER GENUS DESMOGNATHUS. Herpetological Monographs, 25, 1-24. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/41406828

Bruce, R. C. 2010. Proximate contributions to adult body size in two species of dusky salamanders (Plethodontidae: Desmognathus). Herpetologica, 66(4): 393-402.

Bruce, R.C. 1988. Life history variation in the salamander Desmognathus quadramaculatus. Herpetologica 44(2): 218-227.

Bruce, R.C. 2013. Size-Mediated Tradeoffs in Life-History Traits in Dusky Salamanders. Copeia. (DOI: 10.1643/CE-12-120)

Bruce, R.C., and N.G. Hairston Sr. 1990. Life-history correlates ofbody-size differences between two populations of the salamander, Desmognathusmonticola. Journal of Herpetology 24(2): 124-134.

Bruce, R.C., J. Castanet, and H. Francillon-Viellot. 2002. Skeletochronological analysis of variation in age structure, body size, and life history in three species of desmognathine salamanders. Herpetologica. 58(2): 181-193.

Bruce, R.C.. 1996. Life-history perspective of adaptive radiation in desmognathine salamanders. Copeia. 1996. 4: 783-790.

Bruce, Richard C. 2016. Application of the Gompertz Function in Studies of Growth in Dusky Salamanders (Plethodontidae: Desmognathus). Copeia. 104(1):94-100. DOI: 10.1643/CE-14-204.

Bryan Currinder, Kristen K. Cecala, Robert M. Northington & Michael E. Dorcas (2014) Response of stream salamanders to experimental drought in the southern Appalachian Mountains, USA, Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 29:4, 579-587, DOI: 10.1080/02705060.2014.938135

Burcher, C.L., and E.F. Benfield. 2006. Physical and biological responses of streams to suburbanization of historically agriculture watersheds. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 25(2): 356-369.

Burcher, C.L., H.M. Valett, and E.F. Benfield. 2007. The land-cover cascade: Relationships coupling land and water. Ecology. 88(1): 228-242.

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