CWT Bibliography

Allen, K.E. & Colson, G., (2019) Understanding PES from the ground up: a combined choice experiment and interview approach to understanding PES in Costa Rica Sustain Sci 14: 391.

Baas P., Knoepp J. D., Mohan J. E. 2019. Well-aerated southern Appalachian forest soils demonstrate significant gaseous nitrogen losses. Forest Ecology and Management: In Press

Brantley, ST, Miniat, CF, Bolstad, PV. Rainfall partitioning varies across a forest age chronosequence in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Ecohydrology. 2019; 12:e2081.

Demi, LM, Benstead, JP, Rosemond, AD, Maerz, JC. Experimental N and P additions alter stream macroinvertebrate community composition via taxon-level responses to shifts in detrital resource stoichiometry. Funct Ecol. 2019; 00: 1– 13.

Dharmadi, Sandra N., Elliott, Katherine J., Miniat, Chelcy F. (2019) Lack of forest tree seedling recruitment and enhanced tree and shrub growth characterizes post-Tsuga canadensis mortality forests in the southern Appalachians, Forest Ecology and Management. Forest Ecology and Management, 440:122-130,

Gaiser, E.E., D.M. Bell, M.C.N. Castorani, D.L. Childers, P.M. Groffman, C.R. Jackson, J.S. Kominoski, D.P.C. Peters, S.T.A. Pickett, J. Ripplinger, and J.C. Zinnert. In Press. Long Term Ecological Research and Evolving Frameworks of Disturbance Ecology. Bioscience.

Hally, David J., and John F. Chamblee. 2019. The Temporal Distribution and Duration of Mississippian Polities in Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, and Tennessee. American Antiquity 84(3). Cambridge University Press: 420–437.

Hwang, T., Band, L.B., Miniat, C.F., Vose, J.M., Knoepp, J.D.,Song, C. and Bolstad, P.V. Climate change may increase the drought stress of mesophytic trees downslope with ongoing forest mesophication under a history of fire suppression. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change (Accepted, In Revision)

J. S., Clark, Nuñez, C., and Tomasek, B.. 2019. Foodwebs based on unreliable foundations: spatiotemporal masting merged with consumer movement, storage, and diet. Ecological Monographs 00( 00):e01381. 10.1002/ecm.1381

Lee, R. M., McGuire, K. J., Strahm, B. D., Knoepp, J. D., Jackson, C. R., & Stewart, R. D. ( 2019). Revisiting the Hewlett and Hibbert (1963) hillslope drainage experiment and modeling effects of decadal pedogenic processes and leaky soil boundary conditions. Water Resources Research, 55.

Lin, L, Band, LE, Vose, JM, Hwang, T, Miniat, CF, Bolstad, PV. Ecosystem processes at the watershed scale: Influence of flowpath patterns of canopy ecophysiology on emergent catchment water and carbon cycling. Ecohydrology. 2019; 12:e2093.

Martin Tsz-Ki Tsui, Songnian Liu, Rebecka L. Brasso, Joel D. Blum, Sae Yun Kwon, Yener Ulus, Yabing H. Nollet, Steven J. Balogh, Sue L. Eggert, and Jacques C. Finlay. 2019. Controls of Methylmercury Bioaccumulation in Forest Floor Food Webs. Environmental Science & Technology. 53 (5), 2434-2440. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.8b06053

McEntire Kira D., Maerz John C. (2019) Integrating Ecophysiological and Agent-Based Models to Simulate How Behavior Moderates Salamander Sensitivity to Climate, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 22, 10.3389/fevo.2019.00022

Miller DK, Miniat CF, Wooten RM, Barros AP. An Expanded Investigation of Atmospheric Rivers in the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Their Connection to Landslides. Atmosphere. 2019; 10(2):71.

Miniat, C.F., Zeitlow, D.R., Brantley, S.T., Brown, C.L., Mayfield, A.E., Jetton, R.M., Rhea, J.R., and Arnold, P. Physiological responses of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) to silvicultural release and variable site history: Implications for hemlock restoration. Forest Ecology and Management (accepted, in revision)

Minucci, J. M., Miniat, C. F., and Wurzburger, N.. 2019. Drought sensitivity of an N2-fixing tree may slow temperate deciduous forest recovery from disturbance. Ecology 00( 00):e02862. 10.1002/ecy.2862

Osburn, E. D., J. E. Barrett. Numerical and functional dominance of complete ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (comammox) over canonical nitrifiers in temperate forest soils. In Review, Soil Biology and Biochemistry.

Osburn, E. D., McBride, S.G., Aylward, F.O., Badgley, B.D, J. D. Knoepp, Strahm, B.D., and J. E. Barrett. 2019. Soil bacterial and fungal communities exhibit distinct long-term responses to disturbance in temperate forests. Frontiers in Microbiology. 10(2872) 10.3389/fmicb.2019.02872

Rastetter, E.D., Ohman, M.D., Elliott, K.J. Rehage, J.S., Rivera-Monroy, V.H., Boucek, R.E., Castañeda-Moya, E., Danielson, T.M., Gough, L., Groffman, P.M., Jackson, C.R., Miniat, C.F., and Shaver, G.R. Future trajectories for ecosystems in the U.S. Long-Term Ecological Research Network: The importance of time lags. Ecosphere (accepted pending revision)

Seyednasrollah, Bijan, Domec, Jean-Christophe, Clark, James S. (2019) Spatiotemporal sensitivity of thermal stress for monitoring canopy hydrological stress in near real-time, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 269-270 (220-230),

Tashie, A, Scaife, CI, Band, LE. Transpiration and subsurface controls of streamflow recession characteristics. Hydrological Processes. 2019; 33: 2561– 2575.

Tiegs, S. and 152 co-authors. 2019. Global patterns and drivers of ecosystem functioning in rivers and riparian zones. Science Advances 5:1 eaav0486. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav0486

Amos, H.M., C.F. Miniat, J. Lynch, J. Compton, P.H. Templer, L.A. Sprague, D. Shaw, D. Burns, A. Rea, D. Whitfall, L. Myles, D. Gay, M. Nilles, J. Walker, A.K. Rose, J. Bales, J. Deacon, and R. Pouyat. 2018. What Goes Up Must Come Down: Integrating Air and Water Quality Monitoring for Nutrients. Environmental Science & Technology 52(20): pp 11441-11448.

Berdanier, A. B. and Clark, J. S. (2018), Tree water balance drives temperate forest responses to drought. Ecology, 99: 2506-2514. doi:10.1002/ecy.2499

Bolstad, P. V., K. J. Elliott, and C. F. Miniat. 2018. Forests, shrubs, and terrain: top-down and bottom-up controls on forest structure. Ecosphere 9(4):e02185. 10.1002/ecs2.2185

Cecala, K. K., J. C. Maerz, B. J. Halstead, J. R. Frisch, T. L. Gragson, J. Hepinstall-Cymerman, D. S. Leigh, C. R. Jackson, J. T. Peterson, and C. M. Pringle. 2018. Multiple drivers, scales, and interactions influence southern Appalachian stream salamander occupancy. Ecosphere 9(3):e02150. 10.1002/ecs2.2150

Chandler, Richard B., Hepinstall-Cymerman, Jeff, Merker, Samuel, Abernathy-Conners, Heather, Cooper, Robert J. (2018). Characterizing spatio-Temporal variation in survival and recruitment with integrated population models. The Auk. 135. 409-426. 10.1642/AUK-17-181.1.

Cofer, T. M., K. J. Elliott, J. K. Bush, and C. F. Miniat. 2018. Rhododendron maximum impacts seed bank composition and richness following Tsuga canadensis loss in riparian forests. Ecosphere 9(4):e02204. 10.1002/ecs2.2204

Demi, L.M., J.P. Benstead, A.D. Rosemond, and J.C. Maerz. 2018. Litter P content drives consumer production in detritus-based streams spanning an experimental N:P gradient. Ecology. 99:347-359. 10.1002/ecy.2118

Dornelas M, Antão LH, Moyes F, et al. BioTIME: A database of biodiversity time series for the Anthropocene. Global Ecol Biogeogr. 2018; 00:1 - 26.

Elliott, K.J. & Miniat, Chelcy. (2018). Herbaceous-layer diversity and tree seedling recruitment are enhanced following Rhododendron maximum shrub removal. Forest Ecology and Management. 430. 403-412. 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.08.016.

Farrell, K.J., A.D. Rosemond, J.S. Kominoski, S.M. Bonjour, J. Rüegg, L.E. Koenig, C.L. Baker, M.T. Trentman, T.K. Harms, W.H. McDowell. 2018. Variation in detrital resource stoichiometry signals differential carbon to nutrient limitation for stream consumers across biomes. Ecosystems. 21: 1676-1691.

Fraterrigo, J. M., Ream, K., & Knoepp, J. D. (2018). Tree mortality from insect infestation enhances carbon stabilization in southern Appalachian forest soils. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 123, 2121–2134.

Klaus, J., & Jackson, C. R. (2018). Interflow is not binary: A continuous shallow perched layer does not imply continuous connectivity. Water Resources Research, 54.

Knoepp, Jennifer D.; See, Craig R.; Vose, James M.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; and Clark, James S. 2018. Total C and N Pools and Fluxes Vary with Time, Soil Temperature, and Moisture Along an Elevation, Precipitation, and Vegetation Gradient in Southern Appalachian Forests. Ecosystems. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-018-0244-2

McDonald, J.M., D.S. Leigh, and C.R. Jackson. 2018. Continental-, Watershed-, and Local-Scale Influences on Winter Stormflow Characteristics in the Southern Blue Ridge Mountains of Western North Carolina. Journal of Hydrology 563:643-656.

McDonnell JJ, J. Evaristo, K. Bladon, J. Buttle, I. Creed, S. Dymond, G. Grant, A. Iroume, C.R Jackson, J. Jones, T. Maness, K. McGuire, D. Scott, C. Segura, R. Sidle, and C. Tague. 2018. Water sustainability and watershed storage, Commentary. Nature Sustainability 1:378-379. doi:10.1038/s41893-018-0099-8

Oishi, A.C. & Miniat, C.F. & Novick, K.A. & Brantley, Steven & Vose, James & Walker, John. 2018. Warmer temperatures reduce net carbon uptake, but do not affect water use, in a mature southern Appalachian forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 252. 269-282. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.01.011.

Osburn, E.D., Elliottt, K.J., Knoepp, J.D., Miniat, C.F. and Barrett, J.E., 2018. Soil microbial response to Rhododendron understory removal in southern Appalachian forests: Effects on extracellular enzymes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 127, pp.50-59. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.09.008

Rice, J.L., and Burke, B.J. (2018) Building More Inclusive Solidarities for Socio- Environmental Change: Lessons in Resistance from Southern Appalachia. Antipode 50(1): 212-232. doi: 10.1111/anti.12336

Seyednasrollah, B., Swenson, J.L., Domec, J-C., Clark, J.S. (2018) Leaf phenology paradox: Why warming matters most where it is already warm. Remote Sensoing of Environment 209:446-455.

Singh, N. K., Emanuel, R. E., Nippgen, F., McGlynn, B. L., & Miniat, C. F. (2018). The relative influence of storm and landscape characteristics on shallow groundwater responses in forested headwater catchments. Water Resources Research, 54.

Warren, R. J., Elliott, K. J., Giladi, I. , King, J. R. and Bradford, M. A. (2018), Field experiments show contradictory short- and long-term myrmecochorous plant impacts on seed-dispersing ants. Ecol Entomol. . doi:10.1111/een.12666

Webster, Jackson R, Stewart, Rebecca M., Knoepp, Jennifer D., Jackson, C. Rhett (2018). Effects of instream processes, discharge, and land cover on nitrogen export from southern Appalachian Mountain catchments. Hydrological Processes. 10.1002/hyp.13325.

Zachary W. Anglin and Gary D. Grossman, 2018 Movement of Southern Brook Charr in a North Carolina Headwater Stream, Southeastern Naturalist 17 (3), 476-483,

Baas, Peter & Knoepp, J & Markewitz, Daniel & Mohan, Jacqueline. (2017). Areas of residential development in the southern Appalachian Mountains are characterized by low riparian zone nitrogen cycling and no increase in soil greenhouse gas emissions. Biogeochemistry. DOI:10.1007/s10533-017-0318-9.

Brantley, Steven T., Mayfield, Albert (Bud), Jetton, Robert M., Miniat, Chelcy F., Zietlow, David R.;, Brown, Cindi L., Rhea, Rusty (2017), Elevated light levels reduce hemlock woolly adelgid infestation and improve carbon balance of infested eastern hemlock seedlings, Forest Ecology and Management, 386:150-160,

Bumpers PM, Rosemond AD, Maerz JC, Benstead JP. 2017. Experimental nutrient enrichment of forest streams increases energy flow to predators along greener food-web pathways. Freshw Biol. 2017;62:1794–1805.

Burt, Tim & Miniat, Chelcy & H. Laseter, S & T. Swank, W. (2017). Changing patterns of daily precipitation totals at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, North Carolina, USA: COWEETA DAILY RAINFALL. International Journal of Climatology. . 10.1002/joc.5163.

Craig, M.E. and Fraterrigo, J.M. 2017. Plant–microbial competition for nitrogen increases microbial activities and carbon loss in invaded soils. Oecologia. doi:10.1007/s00442-017-3861-0

Daly, C., Slater, M. E., Roberti, J. A., Laseter, S. H. and Swift, L. W. (2017), High-resolution precipitation mapping in a mountainous watershed: ground truth for evaluating uncertainty in a national precipitation dataset. Int. J. Climatol, 37: 124–137. doi:10.1002/joc.4986

Duan, K., Sun, G., McNulty, S. G., Caldwell, P. V., Cohen, E. C., Sun, S., Aldridge, H. D., Zhou, D., Zhang, L., and Zhang, Y.: Future shift of the relative roles of precipitation and temperature in controlling annual runoff in the conterminous United States, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 5517-5529,, 2017

Elliott, Katherine J.; Caldwell, Peter V.; Brantley, Steven T.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Vose, James M.; Swank, Wayne T. 2017. Water yield following forest-grass-forest transitions. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 21(2): 17 pages.: 981-997. DOI:10.5194/hess-21-981-2017

Evans, Sakura R., Jensen-Ryan, Danielle. 2017. Exurbanization and Its Impact on Water Resources: Stream Management among Newcomer and Generational Landowners in Southern Appalachia Appalachian Journal 44(1-2)

Ferguson, P. F.B., Conroy, M. J. and Hepinstall-Cymerman, J. (2017), Assessing conservation lands for forest birds in an exurban landscape. Jour. Wild. Mgmt., 81: 1308–1321. doi:10.1002/jwmg.21295

Follstad Shah, J., J. Kominoski, M. Ardon, W. Dodds, M. Gessner, N. Griffiths, C. Hawkins, A. Lecerf, C. LeRoy, D. Manning, S. Johnson, A. Rosemond, R. Sinsabaugh, C. Swan, J. Webster, and L. Zeglin. (2017), Global synthesis of the temperature sensitivity of leaf litter breakdown in streams and rivers. Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.13609.

Graves, R. A., S. M. Pearson, and M. G. Turner. (2017). Landscape dynamics of floral resources affect the supply of a biodiversity-dependent cultural ecosystem service. Landscape Ecology 32:415-428.

Graves, R.A., S.M. Pearson, and M.G. Turner. 2017. Species richness alone does not predict cultural ecosystem service value. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. (DOI:10.1073/pnas.1701370114)

Gulis, V., K.A. Kuehn, L.N. Schoettle, D. Leach, J.P. Benstead, and A.D. Rosemond. 2017. Changes in nutrient stoichiometry, elemental homeostasis and growth rate of aquatic litter-associated fungi in response to inorganic nutrient supply. ISME Journal (Multidisciplinary Journal of Microbial Ecology) 10.1038/ismej.2017.123

Hain EF, Kennen JG, Caldwell PV, Nelson SAC, Sun G, McNulty SG. Using regional scale flow–ecology modeling to identify catchments where fish assemblages are most vulnerable to changes in water availability. Freshwater Biol. 2017;00:1–18.

Hawthorne S, Miniat CF. Topography may mitigate drought effects on vegetation along a hillslope gradient. Ecohydrology. 2017;e1825.

Jackson CR, Webster JR, Knoepp JD, et al. Unexpected ecological advances made possible by long-term data: A Coweeta example. WIREs Water. 2018;e1273.

Jackson, C. Rhett, Robert A. Bahn, and Jackson R. Webster, 2017. Water Quality Signals from Rural Land Use and Exurbanization in a Mountain Landscape: What’s Clear and What’s Confounded? Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA) 53(5):1212-1228.

Keiser, A.D., M.A. Bradford (2017),Climate masks decomposer influence in a cross-site litter decomposition study, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 107 , pp. 180–187, 10.1016/j.soilbio.2016.12.022

Kominoski, J. S., Rosemond, A. D., Benstead, J. P., Gulis, V. and Manning, D. W. P. (2017), Experimental nitrogen and phosphorus additions increase rates of stream ecosystem respiration and carbon loss. Limnol. Oceanogr.. doi:10.1002/lno.10610

L. Lin, J.S. Norman, J.E. Barrett. 2017. Ammonia-uptake kinetics and domain-level contributions of bacteria and archaea to nitrification in temperate forest soils. Ecological Modelling 362:111-119. DOI:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2017.08.016

Leigh, David S. 2017. Vertical accretion sand proxies of gaged floods along the upper Little Tennessee River, Blue Ridge Mountains, USA. Sedimentary Geology. DOI:10.1016/j.sedgeo.2017.09.007.

Manning DWP, Rosemond AD, Gulis V, Benstead JP, Kominoski JS. (2017), Nutrients and temperature additively increase stream microbial respiration. Glob Change Biol.;00:1–15.

Martin KL, Hwang T, Vose JM, et al. (2017) Watershed impacts of climate and land use changes depend on magnitude and land use context. Ecohydrology.;e1870.

Meyers, B.J.E., C.A., Dolloff, J.R. Webster, K.H. Nislow, B. Fair, and A.L. Rypel. (2017), Fish assemblage production estimates in Appalachian streams across a latitudinal and temperature gradient. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, DOI: 10.1111/eff.12352.

Minucci, J. M., Miniat, C. F., Teskey, R. O. and Wurzburger, N. (2017), Tolerance or avoidance: drought frequency determines the response of an N2-fixing tree. New Phytol, 215: 434–442. doi:10.1111/nph.14558

Northington, R.M. and Webster, J.R. 2017. Experimental reductions in stream flow alter litter processing and consumer subsidies in headwater streams. Freshw Biology. 62: 737–750. (DOI:10.1111/fwb.12898)

Rose, K. C., R. A. Graves, W. D. Hansen, B. J. Harvey, J. Qiu, S. A. Wood, C. Ziter, and M. G. Turner. 2017. Historical foundations and future directions in macrosystems ecology. Ecology Letters 20:147-157

Scaife, C. I., and L. E. Band (2017), Nonstationarity in threshold response of stormflow in southern Appalachian headwater catchments, Water Resour. Res., 53, 6579–6596, doi:10.1002/2017WR020376.

Sourdril A., Welch-Devine M., Andrieu É, Bélaïdi N., 2017. Do April showers bring May flowers? Knowledge and perceptions of local biodiversity influencing understanding of global environmental change. A presentation of the PIAF project. Nat. Sci. Soc. Vol, No, 1–7.

Stoker, D., A. J. Falkner, K. M. Murray, A. K. Lang, T. R. Barnum, J. Hepinstall-Cymerman, M. J. Conroy, R. J. Cooper, and C. M. Pringle. (2017). Decomposition of terrestrial resource subsidies in headwater streams: Does consumer diversity matter? Ecosphere 8(6):e01868. 10.1002/ecs2.1868

Tor-ngern, P., Oren, R., Oishi, A. C., Uebelherr, J. M., Palmroth, S., Tarvainen, L., Ottosson-Löfvenius, M., Linder, S., Domec, J.-C. and Näsholm, T. (2017), Ecophysiological variation of transpiration of pine forests: synthesis of new and published results. Ecol Appl, 27: 118–133. doi:10.1002/eap.1423

Veach, A.M., Stokes, C.E., Knoepp, J. et al. (2017). Fungal Communities and Functional Guilds Shift Along an Elevational Gradient in the Southern Appalachian Mountains, Microb Ecol 10.1007/s00248-017-1116-6

Warren, R.J., Love, J.P. & Bradford, M.A. (2017), Nest-mediated seed dispersal, Plant Ecol 218: 1213.

Wurzburger, N. and Brookshire, E. N. J. (2017), Experimental evidence that mycorrhizal nitrogen strategies affect soil carbon. Ecology, 98: 1491–1497. doi:10.1002/ecy.1827

Ziter, C., Graves, R.A. & Turner, M.G. (2017), How do land-use legacies affect ecosystem services in United States cultural landscapes?, Landscape Ecol . doi:10.1007/s10980-017-0545-4

Allen, Karen E. and Rebecca Moore. 2016. Moving beyond the exchange value in the nonmarket valuation of ecosystem services. Ecosystem Services 18:78-86. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.02.002.

Bell, D.M. & Clark, J.S. (2016), Seed predation and climate impacts on reproductive variation in temperate forests of the southeastern USA, Oecologia 180: 1223. doi:10.1007/s00442-015-3537-6

Berdanier, A. and J.S. Clark. 2016. Multi-year drought-induced morbidity preceding tree death in Southeastern US forests. Ecological Applications 26(1):17-23. doi: 10.1890/15-0274.1

Berdanier, A. B., and J. S. Clark. 2016. Divergent reproductive allocation trade-offs with canopy exposure across tree species in temperate forests. Ecosphere 7(6):e01313. 10.1002/ecs2.1313

Berdanier, Aaron B., Chelcy F. Miniat, and James S. Clark, (2016) Predictive models for radial sap flux variation in coniferous, diffuse-porous and ring-porous temperate trees Tree Physiol. 36 (8): 932-941 doi:10.1093/treephys/tpw027

Brantley, Steven T., Morgan L. Schulte, Paul V. Bolstad, and Chelcy F. Miniat. 2016. Equations for Estimating Biomass, Foliage Area, and Sapwood of Small Trees in the Southern Appalachians. Forest Science. 62(4)414-421.

Bruce, Richard C. 2016. Application of the Gompertz Function in Studies of Growth in Dusky Salamanders (Plethodontidae: Desmognathus). Copeia. 104(1):94-100. DOI: 10.1643/CE-14-204.

Caldwell, P. V., Miniat, C. F., Elliott, K. J., Swank, W. T., Brantley, S. T. and Laseter, S. H. (2016), Declining water yield from forested mountain watersheds in response to climate change and forest mesophication. Glob Change Biol, 22: 2997–3012. doi:10.1111/gcb.13309

Chandler, R. & Hepinstall-Cymerman, J. (2016), Estimating the spatial scales of landscape effects on abundance, Landscape Ecol, 31:1383, doi:10.1007/s10980-016-0380-z

Clark, J. S. (2016), Why species tell more about traits than traits about species: predictive analysis. Ecology, 97: 1979–1993. doi:10.1002/ecy.1453

Coughlan, Michael R. and T.L. Gragson. 2016. An Event History Analysis of Parcel Extensification and Household Abandonment in Pays Basque, French Pyrenees, 1830–1958 AD. Human Ecology. DOI:10.1007/s10745-016-9808-y.

Coughlan, Michael. R. 2016. Wildland Arson as Clandestine Resource Management: A Space-Time Permutation Analysis and Classification of Informal Fire Management Regimes in Georgia, USA. Environmental Management. DOI:10.1007/s00267-016-0669-3.

Frisch, John R., Peterson, James T., Cecala, Kristen K., Maerz, John C., Jackson, C. Rhett, Gragson, Ted L., and Pringle, Catherine M. 2016. Patch occupancy of stream fauna across a land cover gradient in the southern Appalachians, USA. Hydrobiologia. 773:163-175. doi:10.1007/s10750-016-2695-9.

Graves, R. A., S. M. Pearson, and M. G. Turner. 2016. Landscape patterns of bioenergy in a changing climate: implications for crop allocation and land-use competition. Ecological Applications 26:515-529. (

Graves, R.A., Pearson, S.M. & Turner, M.G. (2017), Landscape dynamics of floral resources affect the supply of a biodiversity-dependent cultural ecosystem service, Landscape Ecol 32: 415. doi:10.1007/s10980-016-0452-0

Grossman, G. D., Sundin, G. and Ratajczak, R. E. 2016. Long-term persistence, density dependence and effects of climate change on rosyside dace (Cyprinidae). Freshwater Biology, 61:832–847. doi:10.1111/fwb.12741.

Hales, T. C., and Miniat, C. F. (2017) Soil moisture causes dynamic adjustments to root reinforcement that reduce slope stability. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms, 42: 803–813. doi: 10.1002/esp.4039.

Henriques Antão, L., Connolly, S. R., Magurran, A. E., Soares, A. and Dornelas, M. (2016), Prevalence of multimodal species abundance distributions is linked to spatial and taxonomic breadth. Global Ecol. Biogeogr.. doi:10.1111/geb.12532

Katherine J. Elliott, James M. Vose, (2016) Effects of riparian zone buffer widths on vegetation diversity in southern Appalachian headwater catchments, Forest Ecology and Management, Volume 376, Pages 9-23, ISSN 0378-1127,

Keiser, A.D., Knoepp, J.D. & Bradford, M.A. (2016) Disturbance Decouples Biogeochemical Cycles Across Forests of the Southeastern US, Ecosystems 19: 50. doi:10.1007/s10021-015-9917-2

Knoepp, Jennifer D.; Vose, James M.; Jackson, William A.; Elliott, Katherine J.; Zarnoch, Stan (2016) High elevation watersheds in the southern Appalachians: indicators of sensitivity to acidic deposition and the potential for restoration through liming. Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 377: 17 pages.: 101-117. 10.1016/j.foreco.2016.06.040

Manning, D.W.P, A.D. Rosemond, J.P. Benstead, J.S. Kominoski, V. Gulis, and J.C. Maerz (2016), Convergence of detrital stoichiometry predicts thresholds of nutrient-stimulated breakdown in streams. Ecological Applications. 26(6):1745-1757. DOI:10.1890/15-1217.1.

McEntire, Kira D. 2016. Arboreal Ecology of Plethodontidae: A Review. Copeia, 104(1):124-131.

Nippgen, F., B. L. McGlynn, R. E. Emanuel, and J. M. Vose (2016), Watershed memory at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory: The effect of past precipitation and storage on hydrologic response, Water Resour.Res., 52, 1673–1695, doi:10.1002/2015WR018196.

Norman, J.S., and J.E. Barrett. 2016. Substrate availability drives local patterns in richness of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and archaea in temperate forest soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 94:169-172. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.11.015.

Novick, K. A., Oishi, A. C. and Miniat, C. F. (2016), Cold air drainage flows subsidize montane valley ecosystem productivity. Glob Change Biol. doi:10.1111/gcb.13320

Novick, K.A., Miniat, C.F. and Vose, J.M. (2016). Drought limitations to leaf-level gas exchange: results from a model linking stomatal optimization and cohesion tension theory. Plant Cell and Environment. 39:583-596. DOI: 10.1111/pce.12657

Qualls, R.G. (2016),Long-Term (13 Years) Decomposition Rates of Forest Floor Organic Matter on Paired Coniferous and Deciduous Watersheds with Contrasting Temperature Regimes. Forests, 7, 231. 10.3390/f7100231

Record, S., P. F. B. Ferguson, E. Benveniste, R. A. Graves, V. W. Pfeiffer, M. Romolini, C. E. Yorke, and B. Beardmore. 2015. Graduate students navigating social-ecological research: insights from the Long-Term Ecological Research Network. Ecology and Society 21(1):7.

Rice, Joshua S., R.E. Emanuel, and J.M. Vose. 2016. The influence of watershed characteristics on spatial patterns of trends in annual scale streamflow variability in the continental U.S., Journal of Hydrology. 540:850-860.

Richard C. Bruce (2016) Relative Growth Rates in Three Species of Desmognathus (Amphibia: Plethodontidae). Herpetologica: September 2016, Vol. 72, No. 3, pp. 174-180,

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Warren, Robert J., Justin P. Wright, Mark A. Bradford. 2011. The Putative Niche Requirements and Landscape Dynamics of Microstegium vimineum: an Invasive Asian Grass. Biological Invasions 13: 471-483

Wei, X., G. Sun, J. M. Vose, K. Otsuki, Z. Zhang, and K. Smetterm. 2011. Forest ecohydrological processes in a changing environment. Ecohydrology, 4: 143-145.

Wu, W., J.S. Clark, and J. Vose. 2011. Assimilating multi-source uncertainties of a parsimonious conceptual hydrological model using hierarchical Bayesian modeling. Journal of Hydrology, 394, 436-446.

Wurzburger, N., Higgins, B.P. and Hendrick, R. 2011. Ericoid mycorrhizal root fungi and their multi-copper oxidases from a temperate forest shrub. (DOI: 10.1002/ece3.67)

Yamashita, Youhei, Brian D. Kloeppel, Jennifer Knoepp, Gregory L. Zausen and Rudolf Jaffe. 2011. Effects of Watershed History on Dissolved Organic Matter Characteristics in Headwater Streams in Ecosystems 14:1110-1122.

Bernot, M. J., D. J. Sobota, R. O. Hall, Jr, P. J. Mulholland, W. K. Dodds, J. R. Webster, J. L. Tank, L. R. Ashkenas, L. W. Cooper, C. N. Dahm, S. V. Gregory, N. B. Grimm, S. K. Hamilton, S. L. Johnson, W. H. McDowell, J. L. Meyer, B. Peterson, G. C. Poole, H. M. Valett, et al. 2010. Inter-regional comparison of land-use effects on stream metabolism. Freshwater Biology, 55: 1874-1890.

Bradford, M.A., B. W. Watts, C. A. Davies. 2010. Thermal adaptation of heterotrophic soil respiration in laboratory microcosms. Global Change Biology, 16: 1576-1588.

Brookshire, J., S. Gerber, J.R. Webster, J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. Direct effects of temperature on forest nitrogen cycling revealed through analysis of long term watershed records. Global Change Biology

Bruce, R. C. 2010. Proximate contributions to adult body size in two species of dusky salamanders (Plethodontidae: Desmognathus). Herpetologica, 66(4): 393-402.

Burt, T. P. and W. T. Swank. 2010. Classics in physical geography revisited: Hursh CR and Brater EF (1941) Separating storm-hydrographs from small drainage-areas into surface-and subsurface-flow. Transactions, American Geophysical Union 22: 863–871. Progress in Physical Geography, 1-8.

Clark, J.S., D. Bell, C. Chu, B. Courbaud, M. Dietze, M. Hersh, J. HilleRisLambers, I. Ibanez, S. L. LaDeau, S. M. McMahon, C.J.E. Metcalf, J. Mohan, E. Moran, L. Pangle, S. Pearson, C. Salk, Z. Shen, D. Valle, and P. Wyckoff. 2010. High dimensional coexistence based on individual variation: a synthesis of evidence. Ecological Monographs, 80:569-608

Clark, James S. 2010. Individuals and the Variation Needed for High Species Diversity in Forest Trees. Science, 327: 1129-1132.

Clinton, B. D., J. M. Vose, J. D. Knoepp, K. J. Elliott, B. C. Reynolds, and S. J. Zarnoch. 2010. Can structural and functional characteristics be used to identify riparian zone width in southern Appalachian headwater catchments?. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 40: 235-353.

Clinton, B.D, J.M. Vose, J.D. Knoepp, K.J. Elliott, and B. Reynolds. 2010. Riparian area structure and function in the southern Appalachian headwater streams. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40(2): 235-253.

Clinton, Barton D.; Vose, James M.; Fowler, Dick L. 2010. Flat Branch monitoring project: stream water temperature and sediment responses to forest cutting in the riparian zone. Res. Pap. SRS–51. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 8 p.

Davis, Andrew K., Cecala, K. (2010) Intraerythrocytic rickettsial inclusions in Ocoee salamanders (Desmognathus ocoee): prevalence, morphology, and comparisons with inclusions of Plethodon cinereus. Parasitol Research, 107:363-367. DOI 10.1007/s00436-010-1869-z

Davis, J. M., A. D. Rosemond, S. L. Eggert, W. F. Cross, and J. B. Wallace. 2010. Nutrient enrichment differentially affects body sizes of primary consumers and predators in a detritus-based stream. Limnology and Oceangraphy, 55(6): 2305-2316.

Dehring, C. A., C. A. Depken II. 2010. Sharing the Burden of Water Supply Protection. Regulation: 36-40.

Elliott, K. J., J. M. Vose. 2010. The contribution of the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory to developing an understanding of long-term (1934-2008) changes in managed and unmanaged forests. Forest Ecology and Management.

Elliott, K. J., Vose, J. M. 2010. Short-term effects of prescribed fire on mixed oak forests in the southern Appalachians: vegetation response. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 137(1): 49-66.

Ely, D. T. and J. B. Wallace. 2010. Long-term functional group recovery of lotic macroinvertebrates from logging disturbance. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 67: 1126-1134.

F. Thigpen, T & J. Humphries, W & Maerz, John. (2010). Effectiveness of using artificial shelters to sample arboreal green salamander populations in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Georgia and North Carolina. Herpetological Review. 41. 159-162.

Ford, C. R., E. S. Minor, G. A. Fox. 2010. Long-term effects of fire and fire-return interval on population structure and growth of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris). Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 40:1410-1420.

Grossman, Gary D., Robert E. Ratajczak, C. Michael Wagner and J. Todd Petty. 2010. Dynamics and Regulation of the southern brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) population in an Appalachian stream. Freshwater Biology 55:1494-1508.

Hagen, Elizabeth M. Matthew E. McTammany, Jackson R. Webster, Ernest F. Benfield. 2010. Shifts in allochthonous input and autochthonous production in streams along an agricultural land-use gradient. Hydrobiologia. 655(1):61-77.

Helton, A.M., G.C. Poole, J.L. Meyer, W.L. Wollheim, B.J. Peterson, P.J. Mulholland, E.S. B ernhardt, J.A. Stanford, C. Arango, L.R. Ashkenas, L.W. Cooper, W.K. Dodds, S.V. Gregory, R.O. Hall, S.K. Hamilton, S.L. Johnson, W.H. McDowell, J.D. Potter, J.L. Tank, S.M. Thomas, H.M. Valett, J.R. Webster, and L. Zeglin. 2010. Thinking outside the channel: Nitrogen cycling in networked river ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9(4):229-238.

Jackson, C. R. and C. M. Pringle. Ecological Benefits of Reduced Hydrologic Connectivity in Intensively Developed Landscapes. BioScience, 60(1): 37-46

Kuhman, T. R., S. M. Pearson and M. G. Turner. 2010. Effects of land-use history and the contemporary landscape on non-native plant invasion at local and regional scales in the forest-dominated southern Appalachians. Landscape Ecology. 25:1433–1445.

Laliberté, E., J. Wells, F. DeClerck, D. Metcalfe, C. Catterall, C. Queiroz, I. Aubin, S. Bonser, Y. Ding, J. M. Fraterrigo, J. Morgan, P. Vesk, and M. Mayfield. 2010. Land use intensification reduces response diversity in plant communities. Ecology Letters 13:76-86.

Leigh, D.S., 2010. Morphology and channel evolution of small streams in the southern Blue Ridge Mountains of western North Carolina. Southeastern Geographer. 50:397-421.

Luo, Y., S. Niu, J. Melillo, C. Beier, J.S. Clark, A. Classen, E. Davidson, J. S. Dukes, D. Evans, C. Field, C. I. Czimczik, M. Keller, L. Kueppers, R. Norby, S. L. Pelini, E. Pendall, E. Rastetter, J. Six, M. Smith, M. Tjoelker, M. Torn. 2010. Coordinated approaches to quantify Long-Term Ecosystem dynamics in response to global change. Global Change Biology, in press.

Milanovich, J. R, W. E. Peterman, N. P. Nibbelink, and J. C. Maerz. 2010. Projected loss of a salamander diversity hotspot as a consequence of projected global climate change. PLoS One, 5 (8): 1-10.

Mulholland, P.J., Webster, J.R. 2010. Nutrient dynamics in streams and the role of J-NABS. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc., 29(1):100–117

Narayanaraj, G., P. V. Bolstad, K. J. Elliott, J. M. Vose. 2010. Terrain and Landform Influence on Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carrie`re (Eastern Hemlock) Distribution in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. Castenea. 75(1):1-18.

Palmer, M. A., E. S. Bernhardt, W. H. Schlesinger, K. N. Eshleman, E. Foufoula-Georgiou, M. S. Hendryx, A. D. Lemly, G. E. Likens, O. L. Loucks, M. E. Power, P. S. White, and P. R. Wilcock. 2010. Mountaintop mining consequences. Science, 327: 148-149.

Price, K. Jackson, C.R. Parker, A.J. 2010. Variation of surficial soil hydraulic properties across land uses in the southern Blue Ridge Mountains, North Carolina, USA. Journal of Hydrology, 383: 256-268.

Romito, A. M., S. L. Eggert, J. M. Diez, and J. B. Wallace. 2010. Effects of seasonality and resource limitation on organic matter turnover by Chironomidae (Diptera) in southern Appalachian headwater streams. Limnology and Oceanography, 55(3): 1083-1092.

Stodola, K. W., D. A. Buehler, D. H. Kim, K. E. Franzreb, and E. T. Linder. 2010. Biotic and abiotic factors governing nestling-period length in the ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla). The Auk, 127(1): 204-211.

Stodola, K. W., E. T. Linder, D. A. Buehler, K. E. Franzreb, D. H. Kim, and R. J. Cooper. 2010. Relative influence of male and female care in determining nestling mass in a migratory songbird. Journal of Avian Biology, 41: 515-522.

Strickland, M. S., J. L. Devore, J. C. Maerz, M. A. Bradford. 2010. Grass invasion of a hardwood forest is associated with declines in belowground carbon pools. Global Change Biology, 16: 1338-1350

Strickland, M.S., Callaham, M.A., Jr., Davies, C.A., Lauber, C.L., Ramirez, K., Richter, D.D., Jr., Fierer, N., Bradford, M.A., 2010. Rates of in situ carbon mineralization in relation to land-use, microbial community and edaphic characteristics. Soil Biology & Biochemistry v. 42:2, Feb. 2010, p. 260-269

Suberkropp, K., V. Gulis, A. D. Rosemond, J. P. Benstead. 2010. Ecosystem and physiological scales of microbial responses to nutrients in a detritus-based stream: Results of a 5-year continuous enrichment. Limnology and Oceanography, 55(1): 149-160

Vieilledent, G., B. Courbaud, G. Kunstler, J.-F. Dhote, and J.S. Clark. 2010. Individual variability in tree allometry determines light resource allocation in forest ecosystems: a hierarchical Bayesian approach. Oecolgia, in press.

Warren, R. J. and M. A. Bradford. 2010. The shape of things to come: woodland herb niche contraction begins during recruitment in mesic forest microhabitat. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.1886.

Warren, R. J. II, E. Mordecai. 2010. Soil moisture mediated interaction between Polygonatum biflorum and leaf spot disease. Plant Ecology, 209: 1-9.

Warren, R.J, and M.A. Bradford. 2010. Seasonal climate trends, the North Atlantic Oscillation and salamander abundance in the southern Appalachian mountain region. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology. 49:1597-1603.

Zehnder, C. B., K. W. Stodola, R. J. Cooper, and M. D. Hunter. 2010. Spatial heterogeneity in the relative impacts of foliar quality and predation pressure on red oak, Quercus rubra, arthropod communities. Oecologia, 164: 1017-1027.

Albright, T. P., D. P. Anderson. N. S. Keuler. S. M. Pearson. M. G. Turner. 2009. The spatial legacy of introduction: Celastrus orbiculatus in the southern Appalachians, USA. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46:1229-1238

Ball, B.A., Bradford, M.A. 2009. Nitrogen and Phosphorus Release from Mixed Litter Layers is Lower than Predicted from Single Species Decay. Ecosystems 12: 87-100

Ball, B.A., Bradford, M.A., Coleman, D.C., Hunter, M.D. 2009. Linkages between below and aboveground communities: Decomposer responses to simulated tree species loss are largely additive. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 40: 155-1163.

Benstead, J., Rosemond, A., Cross, W., Wallace, J., Eggert, S., Suberkropp, K., Gulis, V., Greenwood, J., Tant, C. 2009. Nutrient enrichment alters storage and fluxes of detritus in a headwater stream ecosystem. Ecology, 90(9):2556-2566

Bradford, M.A., DeVore, J.L., Maerz, J.C., McHugh, J.V., Smith, C.L., Strickland, M.S. 2009. Native, insect herbivore communities derive a significant proportion of their carbon from a widespread invader of forest understories. Biol Invasions.

Bradford, M.A., et al. 2009. Decreased mass specific respiration under experimental warming is robust to the microbial biomass method employed. Ecology Letters, 12: E15-E18.

Brookshite, E.N.J, Valett, H.M., Gerber, S. 2009. Maintenance of terrestrial nutrient loss signatures during in-stream transport. The Ecological Society of America, 90(2): 293-299

Camp, C., Peterman, W., Milanovich, J., Lamb, T., Maerz, J., Wake, D. 2009. A new genus and species of lungless salamander (family Plethodontidae) from the Appalachian highlands of the south-eastern United States. Journal of Zoology, 279(1): 86-94

Carter, T., C.R. Jackson, A. Rosemond, C. Pringle, D. Radcliffe, W. Tollner, J. Maerz, D. Leigh. A. Trice. 2009. Beyond the urban gradient: barriers and opportunities for timely studies of urbanization effects on aquatic ecosystems. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 28(4):1038-1050

Clark, J.S. and M. H. Hersh. 2009. Inference when multiple pathogens affect multiple hosts: Bayesian model selection. Bayesian Analysis 4:337 - 366

Colchero, F., R. A. Medellin, J. S. Clark, R. Lee, and G. G. Katul. 2009. Predicting population survival under future climate change: density dependence, drought and extraction in an insular bighorn sheep. Journal of Animal Ecology, 78:666-673.

Cressie, N., C. A. Calder, J. S. Clark, J. M. Ver Hoef, and C. K. Wikle. 2009. Accounting for uncertainty in ecological analysis: the strengths and limitations of hierarchical statistical modeling. Ecological Applications, 19:553-570.

Davis, J.M., Rosemond, A.D., Eggert, S.L., Crossa, W.F., Wallace, J.B. 2009. Long-term nutrient enrichment decouples predator and prey production. PNAS. 107(1): 121-126

Dyer, J.M. 2009. Assessing topographic patterns in moisture use and stress using a water balance approach. Landscape Ecol 24:391-403.

Elliott, K. J., J. M. Vose, and R. L. Hendrick. 2009. Long-term effects of high intensity prescribed fire on vegetation dynamics in the wine spring creek watershed, Western North Carolina, USA. Fire Ecology, 5(2): 66-85.

Fraterrigo, J.M., Pearson, S.M., Turner, M.G. 2009. Joint effects of habitat configuration and temporal stochasticity on population dynamics. Landscape Ecology 24(7): 863-877.

Fraterrigo, J.M., Pearson, S.M., Turner, M.G. 2009. The response of understory herbaceous plants to nitrogen fertilization in forests of different land-use history. Forest Ecology and Management, 257: 2182-2188.

Hales, T., Ford, C., Hwang, T., Vose, J., Band, L. Topographic and ecologic controls on root reinforcement. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114: F03013

Hall, R.O., et all. 2009. Nitrate removal in stream ecosystems measured by 15N addition experiments: Total uptake. Limnol. Oceanogr. 54(3): 653-665.

Hazelton, P.D., Grossman, G.D. 2009. The effects of turbidity and an invasive species on foraging success of rosyside dace (Clinostomus funduloides). Freshwater Biology, 54: 1977-1989

Hazelton, P.D., Grossman, G.D. 2009. Turbidity, velocity and interspecific interactions affect foraging behaviour of rosyside dace (Clinostomus funduloides) and yellowfin shiners (Notropis lutippinis). Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 18:427-436

Horton, J. L., Barton D. Clinton, John F. Walker, Colin M. Beier, and Erik T. Nilsen 2009. Variation in Soil and Forest Floor Characteristics Along Gradients of Ericaceous, Evergreen Shrub Cover in the Southern Appalachians. Castanea 74(4): 340-252.

Hwang, T., Band, L., Hales, T. Ecosystem processes at the watershed scale: Extending optimality theory from plot to catchment. Water Resources Research, 45: W11425.

Ibanez, I., Clark, J.S., Dietze, M.C. 2009. Estimating colonization potential of migrant tree species. Global Change Biology. 15: 1173-1188

James S. Clark. 2009. Beyond Neutral Science. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 24 (1): 8-15

Knoepp, J.D., Clinton, B.D. Riparian zones in southern Appalachian headwater catchments: Carbon and nitrogen responses to forest cutting. Forest Ecology and Management 258(10): 2282-2293.

Knoepp, J.D., Elliott, K.J., Clinton, B.D., Vose, J.M. 2009. Effects of prescribed fire in mixed oak forests of the southern Appalachians: forest floor, soil, and soil solution nitrogen responses. Journal oj the Torrey Botanical Society, 136(3): 380-391

Kominoski, J.S., Hoellein, T.J., Kelly, J.J., Pringle, C.M. 2009. Does mixing litter of different qualities alter stream microbial diversity and functioning on individual litter species? Oikos. 118: 457 - 463

Kominoski, J.S., Pringle, C.M. 2009. Resource-consumer diversity: testing the effects of leaf litter species diversity on stream macroinvertebrate communities. Freshwater Biology. 54: 1461-1473

Kominoski, J.S., T.J. Hoellein, C.J. Leroy, C.M. Pringle, C.M. Swan. 2010. Beyond Species Richness: Expanding Biodiversity Ecosystem Functioning Theory In Detritus-Based Streams. River Research and Applications 26:67-75.

Lessard, J. P., R. R. Dunn, and N. J. Sanders. 2009. Temperature-mediated coexistence in temperate forest ant communities. Insectes Scoiaux, 56: 149-156.

Marcelo Ardon, Catherine M. Pringle and Susan L. Eggert (2009) Does leaf chemistry differentially affect breakdown in tropical vs temperate streams? Importance of standardized analytical techniques to measure leaf chemistry. Journal of the North American Benthological Society: June 2009, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 440-453.

McMahon, S. M., M. C. Dietze, M. H. Hersh, E. V. Moran, and J. S. Clark. 2009. A predictive framework to understand forest responses to global change. Pages 221-236 in R. Ostfeld and W.H. Schlesinger (eds) Year in Ecology and Conservation Biology 2009.

Metcalf, C.J.E., J. S. Clark, and D. A. Clark. 2009. Tree growth inference and prediction when the point of measurement changes: modelling around buttresses in tropical forests. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 25:1-12.

Metcalf, C.J.E., J. S. Clark, and S. M. McMahon. 2009. Overcoming data sparseness and parametric constraints in modeling of tree mortality: a new non-parametric Bayesian model. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 39, 1677-1687.

Mulholland, P.J. 2009. Nitrate removal in stream ecosystems measured by 15N addition experiments: Denitrification. Limnol. Oceanogr., 54(3): 666–680

Nedlo, J.E., Martin, T.A., Vose, J.M., Teskey, R.O. 2009. Growing season temperatures limit growth of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) seedlings across a wide geographic transect. Trees-Structure and Function 23(4): 751-759.

Nilsen, E. T., T. T. Lei, and S. W. Semones. 2009. Presence of understory shrubs constrains carbon gain in sunflecks by advance-regeneration seedlings: evidence from quercus rubra seedlings growing in understory forest patches with or without evergreen shrubs present. International Journal of Plant Science, 170 (6): 735-747.

Noel, C., Calder, C., Clark, J., Ver Hoef, J., Wikle, C. 2009. Accounting for uncertainty in ecological analysis: the strengths and limitations of hierarchical statistic modeling. Ecological Applications, 19(3): 553-570

Nuckolls, April E.; Wurzburger, Nina; Ford, Chelcy R.; Hendrick, Ronald L.; Vose, James M.; Kloeppel, Brian D. 2009. Hemlock declines rapidly with hemlock woolly adelgid infestation: impacts on the carbon cycle of southern Appalachian forests. Ecosystems 12(2): 179-190.

O'Keefe, J.M., Loeb, S.C., Lanham, J.D. Hill, H.S. 2009. Macrohabitat factors affect day roost selection by eastern red bats and eastern pipistrelles in the southern Appalachian Mountains, USA. Forest Ecology and Management, 257: 2868-1763.

Pangle, L. Vose, J.M., Teskey, R.O. 2009. Radiation use efficiency in adjacent hardwood and pine forests in the southern Appalachians. Forest Ecology and Management, 257: 1034-1042

Peterman, William E., Semlitsch, R.D., 2009. Efficacy of riparian buffers in mitigating local population declines and the effects of even-aged timber harvest on larval salamanders, Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 257, p. 8-14

Petty, J.D. Grossman, G.D. 2009. Giving-up densities and ideal pre-emptive patch use in a predatory benthic stream fish. Freshwater Biology.

Riscassi, A.L., Scanlon, T.M. 2009. Nitrate variability in hydrological flow paths for three mid-Appalachian forested watersheds following a large-scale defoliation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114: G02009.

Scott, C. H., M. Cashner, G. D. Grossman, and J. P. Wares. 2009. An awkward introduction: phylegeography of notropis lutipinnis in its 'native' range and the little tennessee river. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 18: 538-549.

Simon, K., Simon, M., Benfield, E. 2009. Variation in ecosystem function in Appalachian streams along an acidity gradient. The Ecological Society of America, 19(5): 1147-1160

Skyfield, J.P., Grossman, G.D. 2009. Quantifying microhabitat availability: stratified random versus constrained focal-fish methods. Hydrobiologia 624: 235-240.

Stodola, K. W., E. T. Linder, D. A. Buehler, K. E. Franzreb, and R. J. Cooper. 2009. Parental care in the multi-brooded black-throated blue warbler. The Conder, 111(3): 497-502.

Strickland, M.S., Lauber C., Fierer, N, Bradford, M.A. 2009. Testing the functional significance of microbial community composition. Ecology, 90(2): 441-451.

Strickland, M.S., Osburn, E., Lauber, C., Fierer, N., Bradford, M.A. 2009. Litter quality is in the eye of the beholder: initial decomposition rates as a function of inoculum characteristics. Functional Ecology 23(3) 627-636.

Swank, W.T., Vose, J.M. 2009. Long-Term Forest Ecosystem Research: A Programmatic View. Journal of Forestry: 355-356

Vieilledent, G., B. Courbaud, G. Kunstler, J.-F. Dhôte, and J. S. Clark. 2009. Biases in the estimation of size dependent mortality models: advantages of a semi-parametric approach. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 39, 1430-1443.

Walker, J.T., Vose, J.M., Knoepp, J., Geron, C.D. 2009. Recovery of Nitrogen Pools and Processes in Degraded Riparian Zones in the Southern Appalachians. Journal of Environmental Quality, 38:1391-1399.

Wallace, J., Eggert, S. 2009. Benthic Invertebrate Fauna, Small Streams. Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, 2: 173-190

Wallace, J.B. and S.L. Eggert. 2009. Terrestrial and longitudinal linkages of headwater streams. In Canaan Valley and its Environs: A Landscape Heritage Celebration. Canaan Valley Institute, Davis, West Virginia.

Walls, S.C. 2009. The role of climate in the dynamics of a hybrid zone in Appalachian salamanders. Global Change Biology, 15: 1903-1910.

Walters, D.M., Roy, A.H., Leigh, D.S. 2009. Environmental indicators of macroinvertebrate and fish assemblage integrity in urbanizing watersheds. Ecological Indicators, 9: 1222-12333

Warren, R.J. 2009. An experimental test of well-described vegetation patterns across slope aspects using woodland herb transplants and manipulated abiotic drivers. New Phytologist, 185: 1038-1049

Webster, J., Newbold, J., Thomas, S., Valett, H., Mulholland, P. 2009. Nutrient Uptake and Mineralization during Leaf Decay in Streams – a Model Simulation. International Review of Hydrobiology, 97(4): 372-390

Wenger, S.J., A.H. Roy, C.R. Jackson, E.S. Bernhardt, T.L. Carter, S. Filoso, C.A. Gibson, N.B. Grimm, W.C. Hession, S.S. Kaushal, E. Marti, J.L. Meyer, M.A. Palmer, M.J. Paul, A.H. Purcell, A. Ramirez, A.D. Rosemond, K.A. Schofield, T.R. Schueler, E.B. Sudduth, and C.J. Walsh. 2009. Twenty-six key research questions in urban stream ecology: an assessment of the state of the science. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 28(4):1080-1098.

Wurzburger, N. Hendrick, R.L. 2009. Plant litter chemistry and mycorrhizal roots promote a nitrogen feedback in a temperate forest. Journal of Ecology, 97: 528-536

Zehnder, Caralyn B., Kirk W. Stodola, Blake L. Joyce, David Egetter, Robert J. Cooper, and Mark D. Hunter. 2009. Elevational and Seasonal Variation in the Foliar Quality and Arthrood Community of Acer pensyvanicum. Environmental Entomology. 38(4): 1161-67.

Ball, B. A., M. D. Hunter, J. S. Kominoski, C. M. Swan, and M. A. Bradford. 2008. Consequences of non-random species loss on decomposition dynamics: Evidence for additive and non-additive effects. Journal of Ecology 96:303-313.

Barton, C.D., Andrews, D.M., Kolka, R.A. 2008. Evaluating Hydroperiod Response in Restored Carolina Bay Wetlands Using Soil Physicochemical Properties. Restoration Ecology 16(4) 668-677.

Beckage, B., B.D. Kloeppel, J.A. Yeakley, S.F. Taylor, and D.C. Coleman. 2008. Differential effects of understory and overstory gaps on tree regeneration. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 135(1):1-11.

Bolstad, P.V., and T.L. Gragson. 2008. Resource abundance constraints on the early post-contact Cherokee population. Journal of Archeological Science 35:563-576.

Bradford, M.A., T. Gancos, and C.J. Frost. 2008. Slow-cycle effects of foliear herbivory alter the nitrogen acquistion and population size of Collembola. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 40: 1253-1258

Burcher, C.L., M.E. McTammany, E.F. Benfield, and G.S. Helfman. 2008. Fish assemblages responses to forest cover.  Environmental Management. 41: 336-346.

Chamblee, J.F., Dehring, C.A., Depken, C.A. 2008. Watershed development restrictions and land prices: Empirical evidence from southern Appalachia. Regional Science and Urban Economics. 39: 287-296

Chung, N., Suberkropp, K. 2008. Influence of shredder feeding and nutrients on fungal activity and community structure in headwater streams. Fundamental and Applied Limnology, 173(1): 35-46.

Coleman, D.C. 2008. From peds to paradoxes: Linkages between soil biota and their influences on ecological processes. Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 40: 271-289.

Dietze, M.C., Clark, J.S. 2008. Changing the Gap Dynamics Paradigm: Vegetative Regeneration Control on Forest Response to Disturbance. Ecological Monographs 78(3) 331-347.

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Rincon, P.A., and G.D. Grossman. 2001. Intraspecific aggression in rosyside dace, a drift feeding stream cyprinid. Journal of Fish Biology. 59: 968-986.

Roberts, J.H., and G.D. Grossman. 2001. Reproductive characteristics of female longnose dace in the Coweeta Creek drainage, North Carolina, USA. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. 10: 184-190.

Salmore, A.K., and M.D. Hunter. 2001. Elevational trends in defense chemistry, vegetation, and reproduction in Sanguinaria Canadensis. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 27(9): 1713-1727.

Salmore, A.K., and M.D. Hunter. 2001. Environmental and genotypic influences on isoquinoline alkaloid content in Saguinaria Canadensis. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 27(9): 1729-1747.

Sanzone, D.M., J.L. Tank, J.L. Meyer, P.J. Mulholland, and S.E.G. Findlay. 2001. Microbial incorporation of nitrogen in stream detritus. Hydrobiologia. 464: 27-35.

Schofield, K.A., C.M. Pringle, J.L. Meyer, and A.B. Sutherland. 2001. The importance of crayfish in the breakdown of rhododendron leaf litter. Freshwater Biology. 46: 1-14.

Scott, M.C., and G.S. Helfman. 2001. Native Invasions, Homogenization, and the Mismeasure of Integrity of Fish Assemblages. Fisheries. 26(11): 6-15.

Siler, E.R., J.B. Wallace, and S.L. Eggert. 2001. Long-term effects of resource limitation on stream invertebrate drift. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 58: 1624-1637.

Sponseller, R.A., and E.F. Benfield. 2001. Influences of land use on leaf breakdown in southern Appalachian headwater streams: a multiple-scale analysis. Journal North American Benthological Society. 20(1): 44-59

Sponseller, R.A., E.F. Benfield, and H.M. Valett. 2001. Relationships between land use, spatial scale and stream macroinvertebrate communities. Freshwater Biology. 46(10): 1409-1424.

Swank, W.T., J.M. Vose, and K.J. Elliott. 2001. Long-term hydrologic and water quality responses following commercial clearcutting of mixed hardwoods on a southern Appalachian catchment. Forest Ecology and Management. 143: 163-178.

Thompson, A.R., J.T. Petty, and G.D. Grossman. 2001. Multi-scale effects of resource patchiness on foraging behavior and habitat use by longnose dace, Rhinichthys cataractae. Freshwater Biology. 46: 145-160.

Wallace, J.B., J.R. Webster, S.L. Eggert, J.L. Meyer, and E.R. Siler. 2001. Large Woody Debris in a Headwater Stream: Long-Term Legacies of Forest Disturbance. International Review of Hydrobiology. 86(4-5): 501-513.

Webster, J.R., E.F. Benfield, J.J. Hutchens, J.L. Tank, S.W. Golladay, and J.C. Adams. 2001. Do Leaf Breakdown Rates Actually Measure Leaf Disappearance from Streams? International Review of Hydrobiology. 86(4-5): 417-427.

Beckage, B., J.S. Clark, B.D. Clinton, and B.L. Haines. 2000. A long-term study of tree seedling recruitment in southern Appalachian forests: the effects of canopy gaps and shrub understudies. Canadian Journal Forestry Research. 30: 1617-1631.

Benfield, E.F., J.R. Webster, J.J. Hutchens, J.L. Tank, and P.A. Turner. 2000. Organic matter dynamics along a streaorder and elevational gradient in a southern Appalachian stream. Verhandlungen International Vereinigung Limnologie. 27:1341-1345.

Bolstad, Paul V., James M. Vose and Steven G. McNulty. 2000. Forest Productivity, Leaf Area, and Terrain in Southern Appalachian Deciduous Forests. Forest Science 47(3):419-427.

Clinton, B.D., and C.R. Baker. 2000. Catastrophic windthrow in the southern Appalachians: characteristics of pits and mounds and initial vegetation responses. Elsevier: Forest Ecology and Management. 126: 51-60.

Darke, A.K., and M.R. Walbridge. 2000. Al and Fe Biogeochemistry in a floodplain forest: Implications for P retention. Biogeochemistry. 51: 1-32.

Diamond, S.J., R.H. Giles Jr., R.L. Kirkpatrick, and G.J. Griffin. 2000. Hard Mast Production Before and After the Chestnut Blight. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 24(4): 196-201.

Hall, R.O. Jr., J.B. Wallace, and S.L. Eggert. 2000. Organic Matter Flow In Stream Food Webs With Reduced Detrital Resource Base. Ecology. 81(12): 3445-3463.

Hansen, R.A. 2000. Effects Of Habitat Complexity And Composition On A Diverse Litter Microarthropod Assemblage. Ecology. 81(4): 1120-1132.

Huryn, A.D., and J.B. Wallace. 2000. Life History And Production Of Stream Insects. Annual Reviews Entomology. 45: 83-110.

Hutchens, J.J. Jr., and E.F. Benfield. 2000. Effects of Forest Defoliation by the Gypsy Moth on Detritus Processing in Southern Appalachian Streams. The American Midland Naturalist. 143: 397-404.

Kloeppel, B.D., S.T. Gower, J.G. Vogel, and P.B.Reich. 2000. Leaf-level resource use for evergreen and deciduous conifers along a resource availability gradient. Functional Ecology. 14: 281-292.

Knoepp, J.D., D.C. Coleman, D.A. Crossley Jr., and J.S. Clark. 2000. Biological indices of soil quality; an ecosystem case study of their use. Forest Ecology and Management. 138: 357-368.

Meyer, J.L., C. Hax, J.B. Wallace, S.L. Eggert, and J.R. Webster. 2000. Terrestrial litter inputs as determinants of food quality of organic matter in a forest stream. Verhandlungen International Vereinigung Limnology. 27: 1346-1350.

Michelle, B.L., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 2000. Tullgren extraction of soil mites (Acaria): Effect of refrigeration time on extraction efficiency. Experimental and Applied Acarology. 24: 135-140

Mulholland, P.J., J.L. Tank, D.M. Sanzone, W.M. Wollheim, B.J. Peterson, J.R. Webster, and J.L. Meyer. 2000. Food resources of stream macroinvertebrates determined by natural-abundance stable C and N isotopes and a 15N tracer addition. Journal of North American Benthological Society 19(1): 145-157.

Mulholland, P.J., J.L. Tank, D.M. Sanzone, W.M. Wollheim, B.J. Peterson, J.R. Webster, and J.L. Meyer. 2000. Nitrogen Cycling In A Forest Stream Determined By A 15N Tracer Addition. Ecological Monographs. 70(3): 471-493.

Naiman R.J., and M.G. Turner. 2000. A future perspective on North America's freshwater ecosystems. Ecological Applications. 10(4): 958-970.

Petty, J.T., and G.D. Grossman. 2000. The effects of an underwater fish observation technique on stream macroinvertebrates at two spatial scales. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. 9: 145-152.

Pulliam, H.R. 2000. On the relationship between niche and distribution. Ecology Letters. 3: 349-361.

Qualls, R.G., B.L. Haines, W.T. Swank, and S.W. Tyler. 2000. Soluble Organic and Inorganic Nutrient Fluxes in Clearcut and Mature Deciduous Forests. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64: 1068-1077

Reynolds, B.C., M.D. Hunter, and D.A. Crossley Jr. 2000. Effects of Canopy Herbivory On Nutrient Cycling In A Northern Hardwood Forest In Western North Carolina. Selbyana. 21(1.2): 74-78.

Rincon, P.A., N.F. Hughes, and G.D. Grossman. 2000. Landscape approaches to stream fish ecology, mechanistic aspects of habitat selection and behavioral ecology: Introduction and commentary. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. 9: 1-3.

Simons, T.R., S.M. Pearson, and F.R. Moore. 2000. Application Of Spatial Models To The Stopover Ecology Of Trans-Gulf Migrants. Studies in Avian Biology. 20: 4-14.

Tank, J.L., J.L. Meyer, D.M. Sanzone, P.J. Mulholland, J.R. Webster, B.J. Peterson, W.M. Wollheim, and N.E. Leonard. 2000. Analysis of nitrogen cycling in a forest stream during autumn using a 15N-tracer addition. Limnology Oceanography. 45(5): 1013-1029.

Tank, J.L., P.J. Mulholland, J.L. Meyer, W.B. Bowden, J.R. Webster, and B.J. Peterson. 2000. Contrasting food web linkages for the grazing pathway in three temperate forested streams using N-15 as a tracer. Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinlgung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Linmonogie

Vose, J.M., W.T. Swank, G.J. Harvey, B.D. Clinton, and C. Sobek. 2000. Leaf Water Relations and Sapflow in Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides Bartr.) Trees Planted for Phytoremediation of a Groundwater Pollutant. International Journal of Phytoremediation. 2(1): 53-73.

Wallace, J.B.; J.R. Webster, S.L. Eggert, and J.L. Meyer. 2000. Small wood dynamics in a headwater stream. Verhandlungen International Vereinigung Limnology. 27: 1361-1365.

Webster, J.R., J.L. Tank, J.B. Wallace, J.L. Meyer, S.L. Eggert, T.P. Ehrman, B.R. Ward, B.L. Bennett, P.F. Wagner, and M.E. McTammany. 2000. Effects of litter exclusion and wood removal on phosphorus and nitrogen retention in a forest stream. Verh. Inter

Wright, C.J., and D.C. Coleman. 2000. Cross-site comparison of soil microbial biomass, soil nutrient status, and nematode trophic groups. Pedobiologia 44: 2-23

Wyckoff, P.H. and J.S. Clark. 2000. Predicting tree mortality from diameter growth: a comparison of maximum likelihood and Bayesian approaches. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 30:156-167.

Benke, A., Huryn, A., Smock, L., Wallace, J. 1999. Length-mass relationships for freshwater macroinvertebrates in North America with particular reference to the southeastern United States. The North American Benthological Society, 18(3):308-343

Bolstad, P.V., K. Mitchell, and J.M. Vose. 1999. Foliar temperature-respiration response functions for broad-leaved tree species in the southern Appalachians. Tree Physiology. 19: 871-878

Clark, J.S., B. Beckage, P. Camill, B. Cleveland,J. Hille Ris Lambers, J. Lichter, J. McLachlan, J. Mohan, and P. Wyckoff. 1999. Interpreting Recruitment Limitation In Forests. American Journal of Botany. 86(1): 1-16.

Clark, J.S., M. Silman, R. Kern, E. Macklin, and J. Hille Ris Lambers. 1999. Seed Dispersal Near And Far: Patterns Across Temperate And Tropical Forests. Ecology. 80(5): 1475-1494.

Clinton, B.D., and J.M. Vose. 1999. Fine root respiration in mature eastern white pine (Pinus strobus) in situ: the importance of CO2 in controlled environments. Tree Physiology. 19: 475-479.

Coleman, D.C. 1999. Book review of Major Biological Issues Resulting from Anthropogenic Disturbance of the Nitrogen Cycle. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31 (1999): 1599-1601.

Elliott, K..J., J.M. Vose, W.T. Swank, and P.V. Bolstad.1999. Long-term patterns in vegetation-site relationships in a southern Appalachian Forest. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 126(4): 320-334.

Elliott, K.J., R.L. Hendrick, A.E. Major, J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1999. Vegetation dynamics after a prescribed fire in the southern Appalachians. Forest Ecology and Management. 114: 199-213.

Flebbe, P.A. 1999. Trout use of woody debris and habitat in Wine Spring Creek, North Carolina. Forest Ecology and Management. 114: 367-376.

Ford, W.M., M.A. Menzel, D.W. McGill, J. Laerm, and T.S. McCay. 1999. Effects of a community restoration fire on small mammals and herpetofauna in the southern Appalachians. Forest Ecology and Management. 114: 233-243.

Hansen, R.A. 1999. Red oak litter promotes a microarthropod functional group that accelerates its decomposition. Plant and Soil. 209: 37-45.

Harper, C.A, and D.C. Guynn Jr. 1999. Factors affecting salamander density and distribution within four forest types in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. Forest Ecology and Management. 114: 245-252.

Heneghan, L., D.C. Coleman, D.A. Crossley Jr., and Z. Xiaoming. 1999. Nitrogen dynamics in decomposing chestnut oak (Quercus prinus L.) in mesic temperate and tropical forest. Applied Soil Ecology. 13: 169-175.

Heneghan, L., D.C. Coleman, X. Zou, D.A. Crossley Jr., and B.L. Haines. 1999. Soil microarthropod cintribution to decomposition dynamics: tropical-temperate comparisons of a single substrate. Ecology. 80(6): 1873-1882.

Hunter, M.D., and R. E. Forkner. 1999. Hurricane damage influences foliar polyphenolics and subsequent herbivory on surviving trees. Ecology. 80(8): 2676-2682

Johnson, D.W., R.B. Susfalk, P.F. Brewer, and W.T. Swank. 1999. Simulated Effects of Reduced Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Base Cation Deposition on Soils and Solutions in Southern Appalachian Forests. Journal of Environmental Quality. 28: 1336-1346

Jones, E.B.D. III, G.S. Helfman, J.O. Harper, and P.V. Bolstad. 1999. Effects of riparian forest removal on fish assemblages in southern Appalachian streams. Conservation Biology. 13(6): 1454-1465.

McNab, W. H., S.A. Browning, S.A. Simon, and P.E. Fouts. 1999. An unconventional approach to ecosystem unit classification in western North Carolina, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 114: 405-420.

Mitchell, K.A., P.V. Bolstad, J.M. Vose. 1999. Interspecific and environmentally induced variation in foliar dark respiration among eighteen southeastern deciduous tree species. Tree Physiology. 19: 861-870.

Nilsen, E.T., J.F. Walker, O.K. Miller, S.W. Semones, T.T. Lei, and B.D. Clinton. 1999. Inhibition Of Seedling Survival Under Rhododendron Maximum (Ericaceae): Could Allelopathy Be A Cause? American Journal of Botany. 86(11): 1597-1605.

Pearson, S.M., M.G. Turner, and J.B. Drake. 1999. Landscape change and habitat availability in the southern Appalachian Highlands and Olympic Peninsula. Ecological Applications. 9(4): 1288-1304

Rauscher, H.M. 1999. Ecosystem management decision support for federal forests in the United States: a review. Forest Ecology and Management. 114: 173-197.

Reich, P.B., D.S. Ellsworth, M.B. Walters, J.M. Vose, C. Gresham, J.C. Volin, and W.D. Bowman. 1999. Generality of leaf trait relationships: a test across six biomes. Ecology. 80(6): 1955-1969.

Schaberg, R.H., T.P. Holmes, K.J. Lee, and R.C. Abt. 1999. Ascribing value to ecological processes: an economic view of environmental change. Forest Ecology and Management. 114: 329-338.

Swift, L.W., and R.G. Burns. 1999. The Three Rs of Roads. Journal of Forestry 97: 40-45.

Vose, J.M., P.V. Bolstad. 1999. Challenges to modeling NPP in diverse eastern deciduous forests: species-level comparisons of foliar respiration response to temperature and nitrogen. Ecological Modelling. 122: 165-174.

Vose, J.M., W.T. Swank, B.D. Clinton, J.D. Knoepp, and L.W. Swift. 1999. Using stand replacement fires to restore southern Appalachian pine-hardwood ecosystems: effects on mass, carbon, and nutrient pools. Forest Ecology and Management. 114: 215-226.

Walker, J.F., O.K. Miller Jr., T. Lei, S. Semones, E. Nilsen, and B.D. Clinton. 1999. Suppression of ectomycorrhizae on canopy tree seedlings in Rhododendron maximum L. (Ericaceae) thickets in the southern Appalachians. Mycorrhiza 9: 49-56.

Wallace, J.B., S.L. Eggert, J.L. Meyer, and J.R. Webster. 1999. Effects of Resource Limitation on a Detrital-Based Ecosystem. Ecological Monographs. 69(4): 409-442.

Wear, D.N. 1999. Challenges to Interdisciplinary Discourse. Ecosystems. 2: 299-301.

Webster, J.R., E.F. Benfield, T.P. Ehrman, M.A. Schaeffer, J.L. Tank, J.J. Hutchens, and D.J. D'angelo. 1999. What happens to allochthonous material that falls into streams? A synthesis of new and published information from Coweeta. Freshwater Biology. 41(4): 687-705.

Wright, C.J., and D.C. Coleman. 1999. The Effects Of Disturbance Events On Labile Phosphorus Fractions And Total Organic Phosphorus In The Southern Appalachians. Soil Science. 164(6): 391-402

Allen, C.J., A. Heyes. 1998. A preliminary assessment of wet deposition and episodic transport of total and methyl metcury from low order Blue Ridge watersheds, S.E. U.S.A. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 105: 573-592.

Baker, T.T. and D.H. Van Lear. 1998. Relations between density of rhododendron thickets and diversity of riparian forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 109: 21-32.

Bolstad, P.V., L. Swift, F. Collins, and J. Regniere. 1998. Measured and predicted air temperatures at basin to regional scales in the southern Appalachian mountains. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 91: 161-176.

Bolstad, P.V., W. Swank, J. Vose. 1998. Predicting Southern Appalachian overstory vegetation with digital terrain data. Landscape Ecology. 13: 271-283.

Clark, J.S. 1998. Why Trees Migrate So Fast: Confronting Theory with Dispersal Biology and the Paleorecord. The American Naturalist. 152(2): 204-224.

Clark, J.S., C. Fastie, G. Hurtt, S.T. Jackson, C. Johnson, G.A. King, M. Lewis, J. Lynch, S. Pacala, C. Prentics, E.W. Schupp, T. Webb III, and P. Wyckoff. 1998. Reid's paradox of rapid plant migration: dispersal theory and interpretation of paleoecological records. Bioscience 48(1): 13-24.

Clark, J.S., E. Macklin, and L. Wood. 1998. Stages and spatial scales of recruitment limitation in Southern Appalachian forests. Ecological Monographs. 68(2): 213-235.

Courtney, G.W. 1998. A method for rearing pupae of net-winged midges (Diptera: Blephariceridae) and other torrenticolous flies. In Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 100(4): 742-745.

Elliott, K.J., L.R. Boring, and W.T. Swank. 1998. Changes in Vegetation Structure and Diversity After Grass-to Forest Succession in a Southern Appalachian Watershed. American Midland Naturalist. 140: 219-232.

Elliott, K.J., L.R. Boring, W.T. Swank, and B.R. Haines. 1998. Changes in vegetation structure and diversity after grass-to-forest succession in a southern Appalachian watershed. American Midland Naturalist 140: 219-232.

Fenn, M.E., Poth, M.A., Aber, J.D., Baron, J.S., Bormann, B.T., Johnson, D.W., Lemly, A.D., McNulty, S.G., ; Ryan, D.F., Stottlemyer, R., 1998. Nitrogen Excess in North American Ecosystems: Predisposing Factors, Ecosystem Responses, and Management Strategies. Ecological Applications, Vol 8:3, Aug. 1998, p. 706-733, Ecological Society of America

Grossman, G.D. 1998. Notes from the Blackboard: Choosing the right graduate school and getting the job you've always wanted. Fisheries. 23(9): 16-17.

Grossman, G.D., and R.E. Ratajczak Jr. 1998. Long-term patterns of microhabitat use by fish in a southern Appalachian stream from 1983 to 1992: effects of hydrologic period, season and fish length. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. 7: 108-131.

Grossman, G.D., R.E. Ratajczak Jr., M.K. Crawford, and M.C. Freeman. 1998. Assemblage of organization in stream fishes: effects of environmental variation and interspecific interactions. Ecological Monographs. 68(3): 395-420.

Hall, R.O. Jr., and J.L. Meyer. 1998. The trophic significance of bacteria in a detritus-based stream food web. Ecology. 79(6): 1995-2012.

Hall, R.O. Jr., B.J. Peterson, and J.L Meyer. 1998. Testing a nitrogen-cycling model of a forest stream by using a nitrogen-15 tracer addition. Ecosystems. 1: 283-298.

Hansen, R. A., and D.C. Coleman. 1998. Litter complexity and composition are determinants of the diversity and species composition of oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida) in litterbags. Applied Soil Ecology. 9: 17-23.

Harding, J.S., E.F. Benfield, P.V. Bolstad, G.S. Helfman, and E.B.D Jones III. 1998. Stream biodiversity: The ghost of land use past. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 95: 14843-14847.

Harper, C.A., and D.C. Guynn Jr. 1998. A terrestrial vacuum sampler for macroinvertebrates. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 26(2): 302-306.

Heneghan, L., D.C. Coleman, X. Zou, D.A. Crossley Jr., and B.L. Haines. 1998. Soil microarthropod community structure and litter decomposition dynamics: a study of tropical and temperate sites. Applied Soil Ecology. 9: 33-38.

Hicks, N.G., M.A. Menzel, and J. Laerm. 1998. Bias in the determination of temporal activity patterns of syntopic peromyscus in the Southern Appalachians. Journal of Mammalogy. 79(3): 1016-1020.

Hutchens, J.J. Jr., K. Chung, and J.B. Wallace. 1998. Temporal variability of stream macroinvertebrate abundance and biomass following pesticide disturbance. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 17(4): 518-534.

Ives, A.R., M.G. Turner, and S.M. Pearson. 1998. Local explanations of landscape patterns: can analytical approaches approximate simulation models of spatial processes? Ecosystems. 1: 35-51.

Kloeppel, B.D., S.T. Gower, I.W. Treichel, and S.Kharuk. 1998. Foliar carbon isotope discrimination in Larix species and sympatric evergreen conifers: a global comparison. Oecologia 114: 153-159.

Knoepp, J.D., and W.T. Swank. 1998. Rates of nitrogen mineralization across an elevation and vegetation gradient in the southern Appalachians. Plant and Soil. 204: 235-241.

Koppes, S.N. 1998. Down in the dirt. University of Georgia Research Reporter. 28(1): 7-14.

Lamoncha, K.L., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1998. Oribatid mite diversity along an elevation gradient in a southeastern Appalachian forest. Pedobiologia. 42: 43-55.

Martin, J.G., B.D. Kloeppel, T.L. Schaefer, D.L. Kimbler, and S.G. McNulty. 1998. Aboveground biomass and nitrogen allocation of ten deciduous southern Appalachian tree species. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 28: 1648-1659.

Meyer, J.L., J.B. Wallace, and S.L. Eggert. 1998. Leaf litter as a source of dissolved organic carbon in streams. Ecosystems. 1: 240-249.

Pearson, S.M., A.B. Smith, and M.G. Turner. 1998. Forest patch size, land use, and mesic forest herbs in the French Broad River Basin, North Carolina. Castanea. 63(3): 382-395.

Plauge, G.R., Wallace, J.B., Grubaugh, J.W. 2009. Linkages Between Trophic Variability and Distribution of Pteronarcys spp. (Plecoptera: Pteronarcyidae) Along a Stream Continuum. American Midland Naturalist, 139(2): 224-234.

Reich, P.B., M.B. Walters, D.S. Ellsworth, J.M. Vose, J.C. Volin, C. Gresham, and W.D. Bowman. 1998. Relationships of leaf dark respiration to leaf nitrogen, specific leaf area and leaf life-span: a test across biomes and functional groups. Oecologia. 114(4): 471-482.

Rincon, P.A., and G.D. Grossman. 1998.The effects of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) on the use of spatial resources and behavior of rosyside dace (Clinostonus funduloides). Archive Hydrobiology. 141(3): 333-352.

Ross, G.N. 1998. Butterfly social clubs. Holarctic Lepidoptera. 5(1): 22.

Schowalter, T.D., Y.L. Zhang, and T.E. Sabin. 1998. Decomposition and nutrient dynamics of oak Quercus spp. logs after five years of decomposition. Ecography. 21: 3-10.

Stone, M.K., and J. B.Wallace. 1998. Long-term recovery of a mountain stream from clearcut logging: the effects of forest succession on benthic invertebrate community structure. Freshwater Biology 39:151-169.

Tank, J.L., and J.R. Webster. 1998. Interaction of substrate and nutrient availability on wood biofilm porcesses in streams. Ecology. 79(6): 2168-2179.

Tank, J.L., J.R. Webster, E.F. Benfield, and R.L. Sinsabaugh. 1998. Effect of leaf litter exclusion on microbial enzyme activity associated with wood biofilms in streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 17(1): 95-103.

Wear, D.N., and P. Bolstad. 1998. Land-use changes in Southern Appalachian landscapes: spatial analysis and forecast evaluation. Ecosystems. 1: 575-594.

Wear, D.N., M.G. Turner, and R.J. Naiman. 1998. Land cover along an urban-rural gradient: Implications for water quality. Ecological Applications. 8(3): 619-630.

Whitman, W.B., D.C. Coleman, and W.J. Wiebe. 1998. Prokaryotes: The unseen majority. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 95: 6578-6583.

Yeakley, J.A.; W.T. Swank, L.W. Swift, G.M. Hornberger, and H.H. Shugart. 1998. Soil moisture gradients and controls on a southern Appalachian hillslope from drought through recharge. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 2: 41-49.

Benfield, E.F. 1997. Comparison of litterfall input to streams. In Webster, J.R. and J.L. Meyer (eds.), Stream organic matter budgets. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 16: 104-108.

Bolstad, P.V., and W.T. Swank. 1997. Cumulative impacts of landuse on water quality in a southern Appalachian watershed. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 33(3): 519-533.

Clinton, B.D, K.J. Elliott, and W.T. Swank. 1997. Response of planted eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) to mechanical release, competition, and drought in the Southern Appalachians. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 21(1): 19-23.

D'Angelo, D.J., S.V. Gregory, and L.R. Ashkeans. 1997. Physical and biological linkages within a stream geomorphic hierarchy: a modeling approach. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 16(3): 480-502.

Elliott, K.J., and D. Hewitt. 1997. Forest species diversity in upper elevation hardwood forests in the southern Appalachian mountains. Castanes 62: 32-42.

Elliott, K.J., L.R. Boring, W.T. Swank, and B.R. Haines. 1997. Successional changes in plant species diversity and composition after clearcutting a southern Appalachian watershed. Forest Ecology and Management 92: 67-85.

Golladay, S.W. 1997. Suspended articulate organic matter concentration and export in streams. In Webster, J.R. and J.L. Meyer (eds.), Stream organic matter budgets. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 16: 122-131.

Grubaugh, J.W., J.B. Wallace, and E.S. Houston. 1997. Production of benthic macroinvertebrate communities along a southern Appalachian river continuum. Freshwater Biology 37: 581-596.

Hardt, R.A., and W.T. Swank. 1997. A comparison of structural and compositional characteristics of Southern Appalachian young second-growth, maturing second-growth, and old-growth stands. Natural Areas Journal. 17(1): 42-52.

Hu, S., D.C. Coleman, C.R. Carroll, P.F. Hendrix, and M.H. Beare. 1997. Labile soil carbon pools in subtropical forest and agricultural ecosystems as influenced by management practices and vegetation types. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 65(1): 69-78

Hutchens, J.J. Jr., E.F. Benfield, and J.R. Webster. 1997. Diet and growth of a leaf-shredding caddisfly in southern Appalachian streams of contrasting disturbance history. Hydrobiologia. 346: 193- 201.

Johnson, D.W., R.B. Susfalk,and R.A. Dahlgren. 1997. Nutrient fluxes in forests of the eastern Sierra Nevada mountains, United States of America. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 11(4): 673-681.

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Knoepp, J.D., and W.T. Swank. 1997. Long-term effects of commercial sawlog harvest on soil cation concentrations. Forest Ecology and Management. 93: 1-7.

Lamberti, G.A., and A.D. Steinman. 1997. A comparison of primary production in stream ecosystems. In Webster, J.R. and J.L. Meyer (eds.), Stream organic matter budgets. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 16: 95-104.

McNulty, S.G., J.M. Vose, W.T. Swank. 1997. Regional hydrologic response of loblolly pine to air temperature and precipitation changes. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 33(5): 1011-1022.

Meyer, J.L. 1997. Stream health: incorporating the human dimension to advance stream ecology. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 16(2): 439-447.

Mulholland, P.J. 1997. Dissolved organic concentration and flux in streams. In Webster, J.R. and J.L. Meyer (eds.), Stream organic matter budgets. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 16: 122-131.

Mulholland, P.J., E.R. Marzolf, J.R. Webster, D.R. Hart, and S.P. Hendricks. 1997. Evidence that hyporheic zones increase heterotrophic metabolism and phosphorus uptake in forest streams. Limnology and Oceanography. 42(3): 443-451.

Olson, M.S. 1997.Bayesian Procedures for Discriminating Among Hypotheses With Discrete Distributions: Inheritance in the Tetraploid Astilbe biternata. Genetics Society of America. 147: 1933-1942

Pitelka, L.F., R.H. Gardner, J. Ash, S. Berry, H. Gitay, I.R. Noble, A. Saunders, R.H.W. Bradshaw, L. Brubaker, J.S. Clark, M.B. Davis, S. Sugita, J.M. Dyer, R. Hengeveld, G. Hope, B. Huntley, G.A. King, S. Lavorel, R.N. Mack, G.P. Malanson, and M. McGlon. Plant Migration and Climate Change. American Scientist 85: 464-473.

Reynolds, B.C., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1997. Spatial variation in herbivory by forest canopy arthropods along an elevation gradient. Environmental Entomology. 26(6): 1232-1239.

Richey, D.G., C.T. Driscoll, and G.E. Likens. 1997. Soil retention of trifluoroacetate. Environmental Science & Technology. 31: 1723-1727.

Ross, G.N. 1997. A Preliminary Inventory of Butterflies of the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, North Carolina. The News of the Lepidopterists' Society. 39(4): 70-88.

Sinsabaugh, R.L.. 1997. Large-scale trends for stream benthic respiration. In Webster, J.R. and J.L. Meyer (eds.), Stream organic matter budgets. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 16: 119-122.

Swank, W.T., and J.M. Vose. 1997. Long-term nitrogen dynamics of Coweeta forested watersheds in the southeastern United States of America. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 11(4): 657-671.

Townsend, A.R., P.M. Vitousek, D.J. Desmarais, and A. Tharpe. 1997. Soil carbon pool structure and temperature sensitivity inferred using CO2 and 13CO2 incubation fluxes from five Hawaiian soils. Biogeochemistry. 38: 1-17.

Vose, J.M., K.J. Elliott, D.W. Johnson, D.T. Tingey, and M.G. Johnson. 1997. Soil respiration response to three years of elevated CO2 and N fertilization in ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Doug. ex Laws.). Plant and Soil. 190: 19-28.

Wallace, J. B., S. L. Eggert, J. L. Meyer, and J. R. Webster. 1997. Multiple Trophic Levels of a Forest Stream Linked to Terrestrial Litter Inputs. Science 227:102-104.

Wallace, J.B., T.F. Cuffney, S.L. Eggert, and M.R. Whiles. 1997. Stream organic matter inputs, storage, and export for Satellite Branch at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, North Carolina, USA. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 16(1): 67-74.

Webster, J.R. and J.L. Meyer (eds.). 1997. Organic matter budgets for streams: a synthesis. In Stream organic matter budgets. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 16: 141-161.

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Whiles, M.R., and J.B. Wallace. 1997. Leaf litter decomposition and macroinvertebrate communities in headwater streams draining pine and hardwood catchments. Hydrobiologica. 353: 107-119.

Bruce, R.C.. 1996. Life-history perspective of adaptive radiation in desmognathine salamanders. Copeia. 1996. 4: 783-790.

Clark, J.S., B.J. Stocks., and P.J.H. Richard. 1996. Climate implications of biomass burning since the 19th century in eastern North America. Global Change Biology 2: 433-442.

Clinton, B.D., and J.M. Vose. 1996. Effects of Rhododendron maximum L. on Acer rubrum L. seedling establishment. Castanea. 61(1): 38-45.

Clinton, B.D., J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1996. Shifts in aboveground and forest floor carbon and nitrogen pools after felling and burning in the Southern Appalachians. Forest Science. 42(4): 431-441.

Grubaugh, J.W., J.B. Wallace, and E.S. Houston. 1996. Longtitudinal changes of macroinvertebrate communities along an Appalachian stream continuum. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 53: 896-909.

Hall, R.O. Jr., C.L. Peredney, and J.L. Meyer. 1996. The effect of invertebrate consumption on bacterial transport in a mountain stream. Limnology and Oceanography. 41(6): 1180-1187.

Hedman, C.W., D.H. Van Lear, and W.T. Swank. 1996. In-stream large woody debris loading and riparian forest seral stage associations in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26: 1218-1227.

Laerm, J., E. Brown, L. Lepardo, M.A. Menzel, and W.M. Ford. 1996. Distributional occurence and status of the least shrew (Crytotis parva) in the southern Appalachians. Georgia Journal of Science. 53: 189-194.

Laerm, J., W.M. Ford, and B.R. Chapman. 1996. New records of Zapus hudsonius and Napaeozapus insignis (Rodentia: Zapodidae) from Georgia with comments on their conservation status. Georgia Journal of Science. 53: 99-108.

McCay, T.S., L.A. Durden. 1996. Ticks and fleas of shrews in Appalachian Georgia and North Carolina. Journal of Parasitology. 82 (4): 666-667.

McNulty, S.G., J.D. Aber, and S.D. Newman. 1996. Nitrogen saturation in a high elevation New England spruce-fir stand. Forest Ecology and Management. 84: 109-121.

McNulty, S.G., J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1996. Loblolly pine hydrology and productivity across the southern United States. Forestry Ecology and Management. 86: 241-251.

McNulty, S.G., J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1996. Potential climate change effects on loblolly pine forest productivity and drainage across the Southern United States. Ambio. 25(7): 449-453.

Meyer, J.L., and W.T. Swank. 1996. Ecosystem management challenges ecologists. Ecological Applications. 6(3): 738-740.

Petty, J.T., and G.D. Grossman. 1996. Patch selection by mottled sculpin (Pisces: cottidae) in a southern Appalachian stream. Freshwater Biology. 35: 261-276.

Ross, G.N. 1996. Butterfly Magic: Within specially crafted houses, butterflies fly free, enchanting all who enter. Wildlife Conservation. J/A96: 20-27.

Sullivan, N.H.; P.V. Bolstad, and J.M. Vose. 1996. Estimates of net photosynthetic parameters for twelve tree species in mature forests of the southern Appalachians. Tree Physiology. 16: 397-406.

Velbel, M. A., C.L. Basso Jr., and M.J. Zieg. 1996. The natural weathering of staurolite: crystal-surface textures, relative stability, and the rate-determining step. American Journal of Science. 296: 453-472.

Wallace, J.B., and J.R. Webster. 1996. The role of macro- invertebrates in stream ecosystem function. Annual Review of Entomology. 41: 115-139.

Wallace, J.B., J.W. Grubaugh, M.R. Whiles. 1996. Biotic indices and stream ecosystem processes: results from an experimental study. Ecological Applications. 6(1): 140-151.

Wear, D.N., M.G. Turner, and R.O. Flamm. 1996. Ecosystem management with multiple owners: Landscape dynamics in a southern Appalachian watershed. Ecological Applications. 6(4): 1173-1188.

Aber, J.D., A. Magill, S.G. McNulty, R.D. Boone, K.J. Nadelhoffer, M. Downs, and R. Hallett. 1995. Forest biogeochemistry and primary production altered by nitrogen saturation. Water, Air and Soil Pollution. 85: 1665-1670.

Alexei, S., and M. Pridnia. 1995. A comparison of the southern Appalachian (U.S.A.) and southwestern Caucasus (Russia) forests: influences of historical events and present environment. Journal of Biogeochemistry. 22: 1073-1081.

Chen, T.H., G.M. Hornberger, A.J. Jakeman, and W.T. Swank. 1995. The performance of different loss models in the simulation of streamflow. Environmetrics. 6: 479-484.

Clark, J.S., and Y. Ji. 1995. Fecundity and dispersal in plant populations: implications for structure and diversity. The American Naturalist. 146(1): 72-111.

Elliott, K.J., and J.M. Vose. 1995. Evaluation of the competitive environment for white pine (Pinus strobus L.) seedlings planted on prescribed burn sites in the southern Appalachians. Forest Science 41(3): 513-530.

Grossman, G.D., R.E. Ratajczak Jr., and M.K. Crawford. 1995. Do rock bass (Ambloplites rupestris) induce microhabitat shifts in mottled sculpin (Cottus bairdi)? Copeia. 2: 343-353.

Hall, R.O. Jr. 1995. Use of stable carbon addition to trace bacterial carbon through a stream food web. Journal of The North American Benthological Society. 14(2): 269-277.

Hedman, C.W., and D.H. Van Lear. 1995. Vegetative structure and composition of Southern Appalachian riparian forest. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 122(2): 134-144.

Johnson, D.W., W.T. Swank, and J.M. Vose. 1995. Effects of liming on soils and streamwaters in a deciduous forest: comparison of field results and simulations. Journal of Environmental Quality. 24: 1105-1117.

Knoepp, J.D., and W.T. 1995. Comparison of available soil nitrogen assays in control and burned forested sites. SwankSoil Science Society of America Journal. 59: 1750-1754.

Maass, J.M., J.M. Vose, W.T. Swank, and A. Martinez-Yrizar. 1995. Seasonal changes of leaf area index (LAI) in a tropical deciduous forest in west Mexico. Forest Ecology and Management 74: 171-180.

Maxwell, R.A., and D.C. Coleman. 1995. Seasonal dynamics of nematode and microbial biomass in soils of riparian-zone forests of the Southern Appalachians. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 1(27): 79-84.

McNulty, S., and W. Swank. 1995. Wood 8_13_C as a measure of annual basal area growth and soil water stress in a pinus strobus forest. Ecology 76(5): 1581-1586.

Reeves, R.M. 1995. New Carabodes from Eastern United States (Acari: Oribatida: Carabodidae). Acarologia 36(1): 83-92.

Reynolds, B.C., and D. Crossley Jr. 1995. Use of a canopy walkway for collecting arthropods and assessing leaf area removed. Selbyana 16(1): 21-23.

Schowalter, T.D. 1995. Canopy invertebrate community response to disturbance and consequences of herbivory in temperate and tropical forests. Selbyana. 16(1) 41-48.

Vose, J.M., K.J. Elliott, D.W. Johnson, R.F. Walker, M.G. Johnson, and D.T. Tingey. 1995. Effects of elevated CO2 and N fertilization on soil respiration from ponderosa pins (Pinus ponderosa) in open-top chambers. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 25 (8): 1243-1251.

Vose, J.M., N.H. Sullivan, B.D. Clinton, and P.V. Bolstad. 1995. Vertical leaf area distribution, light transmittance, and application of the Beer-Lambert Law in four mature hardwood stands in the southern Appalachians. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 25(6): 1036-1043

Wallace, J., M.R. Whiles, S. Eggert, T. Cuffney, G. Lugthart, and K. Chung. 1995. Long-term dynamics of coarse particulate organic matter in three Appalachian Mountain streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 14(2): 217-232.

Wallace, J.B., J.R. Webster, and J.L. Meyer. 1995. Influence of log additions on physical and biotic characteristics of a mountain stream. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 52: 2120-2137.

Waterman, J.R., A.R. Gillespie, J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1995. The influence of mountain laurel on regeneration in pitch pine canopy gaps of the Coweeta Basin, North Carolina, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 25: 1756-1762.

Whiles, M.R., J.B. Wallace. 1995. Macroinvertebrate production in a headwater stream during recovery from anthropogenic disturbance and hydrologic extremes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 52: 2402-2422.

Wohl, D.L., J.B. Wallace, and J.L. Meyer. 1995. Benthic macroinvertebrate community structure, function and production with respect to habitat type, reach and drainage basin in the southern Appalachians (U.S.A.). Freshwater Biology. 34: 447-464.

Britton, K., W. Pepper, D. Loftis, and D. Chellemi. 1994. Effect of timber harvest practices on populations of Cornus florida and severity of dogwood anthracnose in western North Carolina. Plant Disease 78(4): 398-402.

Clinton, B.D., L.R. Boring, and W.T. Swank. 1994. Regeneration patterns in canopy gaps of mixed-oak forests of the southern Appalachians: influences of topographic position and evergreen understory. American Midland Naturalist 132: 308-319.

Courtney, G.W. 1994. Biosystematics of the Nymphomyiidae (Insecta:Diptera): life history, morphology, and phylogenetic relationships: Smithsonian contributions to zoology. no. 550. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

Davis, R J., D.C. Guynn Jr., and B.D. Hyder. 1994. Feasibility of using tribromoethanol to recapture wild turkeys. Wildlife Society Bulletin 22(3): 496-500.

Dougherty, P., D. Whitehead, and J. Vose. 1994. Environmental influences on the phenology of pine. Ecological Bulletins (Copenhagen) 43: 64-75.

Elliott, K J., and A.S. White. 1994. Effects of Light, Nitrogen, and Phosphorus on Red Pine Seedling Growth and Nutrient Use Efficiency. Forest Science 40(1): 47-58.

Elliott, K., and W. Swank. 1994.Impacts of drought on tree mortality and growth in a mixed hardwood forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 5: 229-236.

Elliott, K.J., and J.M. Vose. 1994. Photosynthesis, water relations, and growth of planted Pinus strobus L. on burned sites in the southern Appalachians. Tree Physiology 14: 439-454.

Elliott, K.J., and W.T. Swank. 1994. Changes in tree species diversity after successive clearcuts in the Southern Appalachians. Vegetation 115: 11-18.

Gillespie, A.R., H.L. Allen, and J.M. Vose. 1994. Amount and vertical distribution of foliage of young loblolly pine trees as affected by canopy position and silvicultural treatment. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 24(7): 1337-1344.

Johnson, D., D. Geisinger, R. Walker, J. Newman, J. Vose, K. Elliott, and T. Ball. 1994. Soil pCO2, soil respiration, and root activity in CO2-fumigated and nitrogen-fertilized ponderosa pine. Plant and Soil 165: 129-138.

Knight, D.H., J.M. Vose, V.C. Baldwin, K.C. Ewel, and K. Grodzinska. 1994. Contrasting patterns in pine forest ecosystems. Ecological Bulletins (Copenhagen) 43: 9-19.

Knoepp, J.D., and W.T. Swank. 1994. Long-term soil chemistry changes in aggrading forest ecosystems.Soil Science Society of America Journal 58: 325-331.

Laerm, J., W.M. Ford, and D.C. Weinand. 1994. Additional records of the pygmy shrew, Sorex hoyi winnemana Preble (insectivora: Soricidae), in Western North Carolina. Brimleyana 21: 91-96.

McNulty, S., J. Vose, W. Swank, J. Aber, and C. Federer. 1994. Regional-scale forest ecosystem modeling: database development, model predictions and validation using a Geographic Information System. Climate Research 4: 223-231.

Meyer, J.L.. 1994. The microbial loop in flowing waters. Microbial Ecology. 28: 195-199.

Ryan, M., S. Linder, J. Vose, and R. Hubbard. 1994. Dark respiration of pines. Ecol. Bull. (Copenhagen) 43: 50-63.

Stanko-Golden, K., W. Swank, and J. Fitzgerald. 1994. Factors affecting sulfate adsorption, organic sulfur formation, and mobilization in forest and grassland spodosols. Biology and Fertility of Soils 17: 289-296.

Vose, J.M., and W.T. Swank. 1994. Effects of long-term drought on the hydrology and growth of a white pine plantation in the southern Appalachians. Forest Ecology and Management. 64: 25-39.

Vose, J.M., P.M. Dougherty, J.N. Long, F.W. Smith, and H.L. Gholz, and P.J. Curran. 1994. Factors influencing the amount and distribution of leaf area of pine stands. Ecological Bulletins (Copenhagen) 43: 102-114.

Watwood, M.E., A.S. Sommer, and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1994. Biological sulfur retention in surface soils as a predictor of ecosystem sensitivity to acidic precipitation. Soil Science (Trends in Agril. Science) 1: 103-111.

Webster, J., A. Covich, J. Tank, and T. Crockett. 1994. Retention of coarse organic particles in streams in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Journal of The North American Benthological Society 13(2): 140-150.

Yeakley, J.A., J.L. Meyer, and W.T. Swank. 1994. Hillslope nutrient flux during near-stream vegetation removal L A multi-scaled modeling design. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 77: 229 -246.

Yeakley, J.A., R.A. Moen, D.D. Breshears, and M.K. Nungesser. 1994. Response of North American ecosystem models to multi-annual periodicities in temperature and precipitation. Landscape Ecology. (9) 4: 249-260.

Zak, D.R., D. Tilman, R.R. Parmenter, C.W. Rice, F.M. Fisher, J. Vose, D. Milchunas, and C.W. Martin. 1994. Plant production and soil microorganisms in late-successional ecosystems: a continental-scale study. Ecology 75(8): 2333-2347.

Autry, A.R., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1993. Relationship between microbial activity, biomass and organosulfur formation in forest soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 25(1): 33-39.

Britton, K.O. 1993. Anthracnose infection of Dogwood seedlings exposed to natural inoculum in western North Carolina. Plant Disease. 77(1): 34-37.

Chung, K., J.B. Wallace, and J.W. Grubaugh. 1993. The impact of insecticide treatment on abundance, biomass and production of litterbag fauna in a headwater stream: a study of pretreatment, treatment and recovery. Limnologica. 28(2): 93-106.

Clinton, B., J.J. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1993. Site preparation burning to improve southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands: vegetation composition and diversity of 13-year-old stands. Canadian Jounal of Forest Research 23: 2271-2277.

Clinton, B., L.R. Boring. 1993. Characteristics of canopy gaps and drought influences in oak forests of the Coweeta Basin. Ecology 74(5): 1551-1558.

Clinton, B.D., and L.R. Boring. 1993. Canopy gap characteristics and drought influences in oak forests of the Coweeta basin. Ecology. 74(5): 1551-1558.

D'Angelo, D.J., J.R. Webster, S.V. Gregory, and J.L. Meyer. 1993. Transient storage in Appalachian and Cascade mountain streams as related to hydraulic characteristics. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 12(3): 223-235.

Elliott, K.J. 1993. Vegetation diversity after logging in the Southern Appalachians. Conservation Biology. 7(2): 220-221.

Elliott, K.J., and J.M. Vose. 1993. Site preparation burning ot improve southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands: photosynthesis, water relations, and growth of planted Pinus strobus L. during establishment. Journal of Forest Research 23: 2278-2285.

Freeman, M.C., and G.D. Grossman. 1993. Effects of habitat availability on dispersion of a stream cyprinid. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 37: 121-130.

Grossman, G.D., Hill, J.H. 1993. An Energetic Model of Microhabitat Use for Rainbow Trout and Rosyside Dace. Ecology, 74(3): 685-698.

Hairston, N.G. Sr. 1993. On the validity of the name teyahalee as applied to a member of the Plethodon glutinosus complex (Caudata: Plethodontidae): a new name. Brimleyana. 18: 65-69.

Hairston, N.G. Sr., and R.H. Wiley. 1993. No decline in salamander (Amphibia: Caudata) populations: A twenty-year study in the Southern Appalachians. Brimleyana 18: 59-64.

Hannah, P.R. 1993. Composition and development of two Appalachian hardwood stands in North Carolina. The Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. 109(2): 87-98.

Jakeman, A.J., and G.M. Hornberger. 1993. How much complexity is warranted in a rainfall-runoff model? Water Resources Research. 29(8): 2637-2649.

Johnson, D., W. Swank, and J. Vose. 1993. Simulated effects of atmospheric sulfur deposition on nutrient cycling in a mixed deciduous forest. Biogeochemistry 23: 169-196.

Knoepp, J.D., and W.T. Swank. 1993. Site preparation burning to improve southern Appalachian pin-hardwood stands: nitrogen responses in soil, soil water, and streams. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23: 2263-2270.

Smith, J.A., and W.F. Krajewski. 1993. A modeling study of rainfall rate-reflectivity relationships. Water Resources Research 29(8): 2505-2514.

Stout, B.M. III. 1993. Effects of a forest disturbance on shredder production in southern Appalachian headwater streams. Freshwater Biology 29: 59-69.

Swift, L.W., J.E. Katherine, R.D. Ottmar, and R.E. Vihnanek. 1993. Site preparation burning to improve Southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands: fire characteristics and soil erosion, moisture, and temperature. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23(10): 2242-2254.

Tank, J.L., and J.C. Musson. 1993. An inexpensive chamber apparatus for multiple measurements of dissolved oxygen uptake or release. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 12(4): 406-409.

Velbel, M.A. 1993. Constancy of silicate-mineral weathering-rate ratios between natural and experimental weathering: implications for hydrologic control of differences in absolute rates. Chemical Geology. 105: 89-99.

Velbel, M.A. 1993. Formation of protective surface layers during silicate-mineral weathering under well-leached, oxidizing conditions. American Mineralogist. 78: 405-414.

Velbel, M.A. 1993. Temperature dependence of silicate weathering in nature: How strong a negative feedback on long-term accumulation of atmospheric CO2 and global greenhouse warming? Geology 21: 1059-1062.

Velbel, M.A. 1993. Weathering and pedogenesis at the watershed scale: some recent lessons from studies of acid-deposition effects. Chemical Geology. 107: 337-339.

Vose, J.M., and W.T. Swank. 1993. Site preparation burning to improve southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands: aboveground biomass, forest floor mass, and nitrogen and carbon pools. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23: 2255-2262.

Wallace, J.B., M.R. Whiles, J.R. Webster, T.F. Cuffney, G.J. Lugthart, and K. Chung. 1993. Dynamics of inorganic particles in headwater streams: linkages with invertebrates. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 12(2): 112-125.

Whiles, M.R., J.B. Wallace, and K. Chung. 1993. The influence of Lepidostoma (Trichoptera: Lepidostomatidae) on recovery of leaf-litter processing in disturbed headwater streams. American Midland Naturalist. 130: 356-363.

Blair, J.M., D.A. Crossley Jr., and L.C. Callaham. 1992. Effects of litter quality and microarthropods on N-dynamics and retention of exogenous N-15 in decomposing litter. Biol. Fert. Soils 12: 241-252.

Burt, T.P., and W.T. Swank. 1992. Flow frequency responses to hardwood-to-grass conversion and subsequent succession. Hydrological Processes 6(2): 179-188.

Chellemi, D.O., and K.O. Britton. 1992. Influence of canopy microclimate on incidence and severity of dogwood anthracnose. Canadian Journal of Botany 70: 1093-1096.

Chellemi, D.O., K.O. Britton, and W.T. Swank. 1992. Influence of site factors on dogwood anthracnose in the Nantahala Mountain range of western North Carolina. Plant Disease 76(9): 915-918.

Coleman, D.C., E.P. Odum, and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1992. Soil biology, soil ecology, and global change. Biology and Fertility of Soils 14: 104-111.

D'Angelo, D.J., and J.R. Webster. 1992. Natural and constrainment-induced factors influencing the breakdown of dogwood and oak leaves. Hydrobiologia. 237: 39-46.

DeHaven, J.E., Stouder, D.J., Ratajczak, R., Welch, T.J., Grossman, G.D. 1992. Reproductive timing in three southern Appalachian stream fishes. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 1: 104-111

Dighton, J., and D.C. Coleman. 1992. Phosphorus relations of roots and mycorrhizas of Rhododendron maximum L. in the southern Appalachians, North Carolina. Mycorrhiza. 1:175-184.

Facey, D.E., Grossman, G.D. 1992. The relationship between water velocity, energetic costs, and microhabitat use in four North American stream fishes. Hydrobiologia, 239: 1-6

Freeman, M.C., and G.D.Grossman. 1992. Group foraging by a stream minnow: sho als or aggregations? Animal Behaviour. 44: 393-403.

Freeman, M.C., G.D. Grossman. 1992. A field test for competitive interactions among foraging stream fishes. Copeia 3: 898-902.

Golladay, S.W., J.R. Webster, E.F. Benfield, and W.T. Swank. 1992. Changes in stream stability following forest clearing as indicated by storm nutrient budgets: part 1 of 2. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 90: 1-33.

Hairston, N. G., Wiley, R. H., Smith, C. K. and Kneidel, K. A. (1992), THE DYNAMICS OF TWO HYBRID ZONES IN APPALACHIAN SALAMANDERS OF THE GENUS PLETHODON. Evolution, 46: 930-938. doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.1992.tb00610.x

Hairston, N.G., R.H. Wiley, C.K. Smith, and K.A. Kneidel. 1992. The Dynamics of two hybrid zones in Appalachian salamanders of the genus Plethodon. Evolution. 46(4): 930-938.

Hornbeck, J.W., and W.T. Swank. 1992. Watershed ecosystems analysis as a basis for multiple-use management of eastern forests. Ecological Applications 2(3): 238-247.

Lugthart, G.J., and J.B. Wallace. 1992. Effects of disturbance on benthic functional structure and production in mountain streams. Journal of North American Benthological Society 11: 138-164.

Maier, C.A., and R.O. Teskey. 1992. Internal and external control of net photosynthesis and stomatal conductance of mature eastern white pine (Pinus strobus). Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 22: 1387-1394.

Qualls, R.G., and B.L. Haines. 1992. Biodegradability of dissolved organic matter in forest throughfall, soil solution, and stream water. Soil Science Society of America Journal 56(2): 578-586.

Qualls, R.G., and B.L. Haines. 1992. Measuring absorption isotherms using continuous, unsaturated flow through intact cores. Soil Science Society of America Journal 56: 456-460.

Risley, L.S. and D.A.Crossley Jr. 1992. Contribution of Herbivore-caused Greenfall to Litterfall Nitrogen Flux in Several Southern Appalachian Forested Watersheds. American Midland Naturalist 129:67-74.

Stanko-Golden, K.M., J.W. Fitzgerald, and W.T. Swank. 1992. Sulfur processing in soil from high and low elevation forests in the southern Appalachians of the United States. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 24(7): 693-702.

Suberkropp, K., and J.B. Wallace. 1992. Aquatic Hyphomycetes in insecticide-treated and untreated streams. Journal of North American Benthological Society 11: 165-171.

Swank, W.T., and D.H. Van Lear. 1992. Multiple-use management: ecosystem perspectives of multiple-use management. Ecological Applications 2(3): 219-220.

Velbel, M.A. 1992. Geochemical mass balances and weathering rates in forested watersheds of the southern Blue Ridge. III. Cation budgets and the weathering rate of amphibole. American Journal of Science 292: 58-78.

Whiles, M.R., and J.B. Wallace. 1992. First-year benthic recovery of a headwater stream following a 3-year insecticide-induced disturbance. Freshwater Biology. 28: 81-91.

Autry, A., and J. Fitzgerald. 1991. Short Communication: Determination of kinetic parameters for sulfur processing potentials: verification of the constant specific activity approach. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 23(10): 1003-1004.

Autry, A.R., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1991. Organosulfur formation in forest soils: site comparison of kinetic parameters. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 23(7): 689-693.

Autry, A.R., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1991. Potential for organic sufur accumulation in a variety of forest soils at saturating concentrations of sulfate. Biology Fertility of Soils 10: 281- 284.

Benfield, E.F., and J.R. Webster. 1991. Effects of forest disturbance on leaf breakdown in southern Appalachian streams. Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinlgung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Linmonogie 24: 1678-1690.

Blair, J.M., D. Crossley Jr., and L.C. Callaham. 1991. A litterbasket technique for measurement of nutrient dynamics in forest floors. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 34: 465-471.

Boullé, V., Grossman, G.D. 1991. Effects of Rosyside Dace (Clinostomus funduloides) on Microhabitat Use of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 48(7): 1235-1243.

Costa, J.T. III, and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1991. Diel patterns of canopy arthropods associated with three tree species. Environmental Entomology 20: 1542-1548.

Crossley, D.A. Jr., and J. Blair. 1991. A high-efficiency, low- technology Tullgren-type extractor for soil microarthropods. Agric., Ecos. and Environ. 34: 187-192.

D'Angelo, D.J., and J.R. Webster. 1991. Phosphorus retention in streams draining pine and hardwoodcatchments in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Freshwater Biology. 26: 335-345.

D'Angelo, D.J., J.R. Webster, and E.F. Benfield. 1991. Mechanisms of stream phosphorus retention: an experimental study. Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 10(3): 225-237.

DiStefano, R.J., R.J. Neeves, L.A. Helfrich, and M.C. Lewis. 1991. Response of the crayfish Cambarus bartonii bartonii to acid exposure in southern Appalachian streams. Canadian Journal of Zoology 69: 1585-1591.

Fry, B. 1991. Stable isotope diagrams of freshwater food webs. Ecology. 72(6): 2293-2297.

Greenland, D., and L.W. Swift Jr. 1991. Climate variability and ecosystem response: opportunities for the LTER network. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 72(2): 118-126.

Grossman, G.D., Nickerson, D.M., Freeman, M.C. 1991. Principal Component Analyses of Assemblage Structure Data: Utility of Tests Based on Eigenvalues. Ecology, 72(1): 341-347.

Haines, B.L. 1991. Identification and quantification of sulfur gases emitted from soils,leaf litter and live plant parts. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 34: 473-477.

Johnsen, K H., B.C. Bongarten, and L.R. Boring. 1991. Effects of nitrate on in vivo nitrate reductase activity of seedlings from three open-pollinated families of Robinia pseudoacacia. Tree Physiology 8: 381-389.

Montagnini, F., B. Haines, and W.T. Swank. 1991. Soil-solution chemistry in black locust, pine/mixed-hardwoods and oak/hickory forest stands in the southern Appalachians, U.S.A. Forest Ecology and Management 40: 199-208.

Perlmutter, D.G., and J.L. Meyer. 1991. The impact of a stream- dwelling harpacticoid copepod upon detritally associated bacteria. Ecology 72: 2170-2180.

Potter, C.S. 1991. Nutrient leaching from Acer rubrum leaves by experimental acid rainfall. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 21: 222-229.

Potter, C.S. 1991. Stemflow nutrient inputs to soil in a successional hardwood forest. Plant and Soil 140: 249-254.

Potter, C.S., and H.L. Ragsdale. 1991. Dry deposition washoff from forest tree leaves by experimental acid rainfall. Atmospheric Environment 25A(2): 341-349.

Potter, C.S., H. Ragsdale, and W. Swank. 1991. Atmospheric deposition and foliar leaching in a regenerating southern Appalachian forest canopy. Journal of Ecology 79: 97-115.

Qualls, R.G., and B.L. Haines. 1991. Geochemistry of dissolved organic nutrients in water percolating through a forest ecosystem. Soil Science Society of America Journal 55: 1112-1123.

Qualls, R.G., B.L. Haines, and W.T. Swank. 1991. Fluxes of dissolved organic nutrients and humic substances in a deciduous forest. Ecology 72(1): 254-266.

Schowalter, T.D. 1991. Heterogeneity of decomposition and nutrient dynamics of oak (Quercus) logs during the first 2 years of decomposition. Candian Journal of Forest Research. 22: 161-166.

Stanko-Golden, K.M., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1991. Sulfur transformations and pool sizes in tropical forest soils. Soil Biol. Biochem. 23(11): 1053-1058.

Taylor, A.B., and M.A. Velbel. 1991. Geochemical mass balances and weathering rates in forested watersheds of the southern Blue Ridge II. Effects of botanical uptake terms. Geoderma 51: 29-50.

Walbridge, M.R., C.J. Richardson, and W.T. Swank. 1991. Vertical distribution of biological and geochemical phosphorus subcycles in two southern Appalachian forest soils: part 1 of 2. Biogeochemistry 13: 61-85.

Wallace, J.B., A.D. Huryn, and G.J. Lugthart. 1991. Colonization of a headwater stream during three years of seasonal insecticidal applications. Hydrobiologia 211(1): 65-76.

Wallace, J.B., T.F. Cuffney, B.S. Goldowitz, K. Chung, and G.J. Lugthart. 1991. Long-term studies of the influence of invertebrate manipulation and drought on particulate organic matter export from headwater streams. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 24: 16

Wallace, J.B., T.F. Cuffney, J.R. Webster, G.J. Lugthart, K. Chung, and B.S. Goldowitz. 1991. Export of fine organic particles from headwater streams: effects of season, extreme discharges, and invertebrate manipulation. Limnology and Oceanography 36(4): 670-682.

Webster, J.R., D.J. D'Angelo, and G.T. Peters. 1991. Nitrate and phosphate uptake in streams at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory. Verh. Internal. Verein. Limnol. 24: 1681-1686.

April, R., and D. Keller. 1990. Mineralogy of the rhizosphere in forestsoils of the eastern United States. Biogeochemistry 9: 1-18.

Autry, A.R., and J.W. Fitzgerald, and P.R. Caldwell. 1990. Sulfur fractions and retention mechanisms in forest soils. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 20: 337-342.

Autry, A.R., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1990. Sulfonate-S a major form of forest soil organic sulfur. Biology and Fertility of Soil 10: 50-56.

Blair, J.M., R.W. Parmelee, and M.H. Beare. 1990. Decay rates, nitrogen fluxes, and decomposer communities of single- and mixed-species foliar litter. Ecology 71(5): 1976-1985.

Bruce, R.C., and N.G. Hairston Sr. 1990. Life-history correlates ofbody-size differences between two populations of the salamander, Desmognathusmonticola. Journal of Herpetology 24(2): 124-134.

Cuffney, T.F., J.B. Wallace, and G.J. Lugthart. 1990. Experimental evidence quantifying the role of benthic invertebrates in organic matter dynamics of headwater streams. Freshwater Biology 23: 281-299.

Davidson, E.A., and W.T. Swank. 1990. Nitrous oxide dissolved in soil solution: an insignificant pathway of nitrogen loss from a southeastern hardwood forest. Water Resources Research 26(7): 1687-1690.

Facey, D.E., Grossman, G.D. 1990. The Metabolic Cost of Maintaining Position for Four North American Stream Fishes: Effects of Season and Velocity. Physiological Zoology, 63(4): 757-776.

Grossman, G.D., J.F. Dowd, and M. Crawford. 1990. Assemblage stability in stream fishes: a review. Environmental Management 14(5): 661-671.

Hale, D.D., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1990. Generation of sulphate from cysteine inforest soil and litter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 22(3): 427-429.

Huryn, A.D. 1990. Growth and boltinism of lotic midge larvae: patterns across an Appalachian Mountain landscape. Limnology and Oceanography 35: 334-351.

Leininger, T., W. Winner, and S. Alexander. 1990. Root disease incidence in eastern white pine plantations with and without symptoms of ozone injury inthe Coweeta Basin of North Carolina. Plant Disease 47(8): 552-554.

Lugthart, G.J., J.B. Wallace, and A.D. Huryn. 1990. Secondary production of chironomid communities in insecticide-treated and untreated headwater streams. Freshwater Biology 24: 417-427.

McIsaac, G.F. 1990. Apparent geographic and atmospheric influences on raindrop sizes and rainfall kinetic energy. Journal of Soil & Water Conservation 45(6): 663-666.

Meyer, J.L. 1990. A blackwater perspective on riverine ecosystems. BioScience 40: 643-651.

Munn, N.L., and J.L. Meyer. 1990. Habitat-specific solute retention in two small streams: an intersite comparison. Ecology 71: 2069-2082.

Qualls, R.G., and B.L. Haines. 1990. The influence of humic substances on the aerobic decomposition of submerged leaf litter. Hydrobiologia 206: 133-138.

Risley, L.S. 1990. Relationships among potassium, calcium, and trace elements in tree leaves and associated canopy arthropods. Journal of Entomological Science 3(25): 439-449.

Stanko, K.M., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1990. Sulfur transformations in forest soils collected along an elevational gradient. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 22: 213-216.

Swank, W.T., and J.M. Vose. 1990. Watershed-scale responses to ozone events in a Pinus strobus L. plantation. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 54: 119-133.

Van Miegrot, H. 1990. Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. Environmental Management 14(2).

Velbel, M.A. 1990. Influence of Temperature and Mineral Surface Characteristics on Feldspar Weathering Rates in Natural and Artificial Systems: A First Approximation. Water Resources Research. 26(12): 3049-3053.

Vose, J.M., and W.T. Swank. 1990. Assessing seasonal leaf area dynamic sand vertical leaf area distribution in eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) with a portable light meter. Tree Physiology 7: 125-134.

Vose, J.M., and W.T. Swank. 1990. Preliminary estimates of foliar absorption of 15N-labeled nitric acid vapor (HNO3) by mature eastern whitepine (Pinus strobus). Canadian Journal of Forest Resources 20: 857-860.

Walker, W.J., C.S. Cronan, and P.R. Bloom. 1990. Aluminum solubility inorganic soil horizons from northern and southern forested watersheds. Soil Science Society of America Journal 54: 369-374.

Wallace, J.B. 1990.Recovery of lotic macroinvertebrate communities from disturbance. Environmental Management 14(5): 605-620.

Webster, J.R., S.W. Golladay, E.F. Benfield, D.J. D'Angelo, and G.T. Peters. 1990. Effects of forest disturbance on particulate organic matter budgets of small streams. J.ournal of the North American Benthological Society. 9(2):120-140.

Alexander, E.B. 1989. Response to the letter to the editor. Soil Science. 148(1): 75-76.

Anderson, M. 1989. Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta Forestry 62(2).

Barten, P.K. 1989. Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. American Scientist 78: 64.

Berglund, E.R. 1989. Forest Hydrology and Ecology at Coweeta. Water Resources Bulletin 25(2): 455-458.

Blair, J.M., D.A. Crossley Jr., and S. Rider. 1989. Effects of naphthalene on microbial activity and nitrogen pools in soil-litter microcosms. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 21(4): 507-510.

Burt, T.P. 1989. Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. Hydrological Processes 3: 289-293.

Cuffney, T.F., and J.B. Wallace. 1989. Discharge-export relationshipsin headwater streams: the influence of invertebrate manipulations and drought. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 8(4): 331-341.

Dowd, J.F., and A G. Williams. 1989. Calibration and use of pressure transducers in soil hydrology. Hydrologic Processes 3: 43-49.

Freeman, M.C., and D.J. Stouder. 1989. Intraspecific interactions influence size specific depth distribution in Cottus bairdi. Environmental Biology of Fishes 24(3): 231-236.

Gaskin, J.W., J.F. Dowd, W.L. Nutter, and W.T. Swank. 1989. Vertical and lateral components of soil nutrient flux in a hillslope. Journal of Environmental Quality 18: 403-410.

Golladay, S.W., J.R. Webster, and E.F. Benfield. 1989. Changes in stream benthic organic matter following watershed disturbance. Holarctic Ecology 12: 96-105.

Mattson, K., and W. Swank. 1989. Soil and detrital carbon dynamics following forest cutting in the Southern Appalachians. Biology and Fertility of Soils 7: 247-253.

Montagnini, F., B. Haines, and W. Swank. 1989. Factors controlling nitrification in soils of early successional and oak/hickory forests in the Southern Appalachians. Forest Ecology and Management 26: 77-94.

Montagnini, F., B.L. Haines, W.T. Swank, and J.B. Waide. 1989. Nitrification in undisturbed mixed hardwoods and manipulated forests in the southern Appalachian Mountains of North Carolina, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19: 1226-1234.

Nickerson, D.M., Facey, D.E., Grossman, G.D. 1989. Estimating Physiological Tresholds with Continuous Two-Phase Regression. Physiological Zoology, 62(4): 866-887.

Peters, G.T., E.F. Benfield, and J.R. Webster. 1989.Chemical composition and microbial activity of seston in a southern Appalachian headwater stream. J. North Amer. Benth. Soc. 8: 74-84.

Roberson, S.1989. Death on the hill. The University of Georgia Research Reporter 19(3): 11-14.

Taylor, R.W., A.L. Williams, W.V. Dashek, and W.T. Swank. 1989. Ultrastructure and amino acid/protein contents of Pinus strobus needles: a potential monitor for ozone (O3). Biodeterioration Research 2: 549-570.

Velbel, M.A. 1989. Letter to the editor: Discussion of Rates of soil formation: implications for soil-loss tolerance, by E. B. Alexander. Soil Science 148(1): 71-74.

Velbel, M.A. 1989. Weathering of hornblende to ferruginousproducts by a dissolution-reprecipitation mechanism: petrography and stoichiometry. Clays and Clay Minerals 37(6): 515-524.

Velbel, M.A. 1992. Effect of chemical affinity on feldsparhydrolysis rates in two natural weathering systems. Chemical Geology 78: 245-253.

Wallace, J.B., G.J. Lugthart, T.F. Cuffney, and G.A. Schurr. 1989. The impact of repeated insecticidal treatments on drift and benthos of a headwater stream. Hydrobiologia 179: 135-147.

Wyatt, R., I.J. Odrzykoski, and A. Stoneburner. 1989. High levels of genetic variability in the haploid moss Plagiomnium ciliare. Evolution 43(5): 1085-1096.

Zaruba, C. 1989. Review: Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. Biologia Plantarum 31(4).

Alexander, E.B. 1988. Rates of soil formations: Implications for soil-loss tolerance. Soil Science 45(1): 37-45.

Barrett, J.C., and G.D. Grossman. 1988. Effects of direct current electrofishing on the mottled sculpin. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 8: 112-116.

Blair, J.M. 1988. Nitrogen, sulfur and phosphorus dynamics in decomposing deciduous leaf litter in the Southern Appalachians. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 20(5): 693-701.

Blair, J.M. 1988. Nutrient release from decomposing foliar litter of three tree species with special reference to calcium, magnesium and potassium dynamics. Plant and Soil 110: 49-55.

Blair, J.M., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1988. Litter decomposition, nitrogen dynamics and litter microarthropods in a Southern Appalachian hardwood forest 8 years following clearcutting. Journal of Applied Ecology 25: 683-698.

Boring, L.R., W.T. Swank, J.B. Waide, and G.S. Henderson. 1988. Sources, fates, and impacts of nitrogen inputs to terrestrial ecosystems: review and synthesis: Part 1 of 2. Biogeochemistry 6: 119-159.

Bruce, R.C. 1988. Life history variation in the salamander Desmognathus quadramaculatus. Herpetologica 44(2): 218-227.

Burnash, R.J.C. 1988. Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta, Ecological Studies, Volume 66. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 69(11): 1357-1358.

Crossley, D.A. Jr., and W.W. Hargrove. 1988. Ecology of Forest Insects. Quart. Rev. Biol. 63: 228.

Cuffney, T.F., and J.B. Wallace. 1988. Particulate organic matter export from three headwater streams: discrete versus continuous measurements. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 45: 2010-2016.

Fahey, T. J. 1988. Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. The Quarterly Review of Biology 63: 478-479.

Fitzgerald, J.W., and M.B. Watwood. 1988. Isolation and turnover of organic matter covalently labeled with 35 Smethionine. Soil Biol. Biochem. 20: 833-838.

Fitzgerald, J.W., and M.E. Watwood. 1988. Amino-acid metabolism in forestsoil - isolation and turnover of organic matter covalently labelled with35S-methionine. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 20(6): 833-838.

Fitzgerald, J.W., D.D. Hale, and W.T. Swank. 1988. Sulphur-containing amino acid metabolism in surface horizons of a hardwood forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 20(6): 825-831.

Freeman, M.C., M.K. Crawford, J.C. Barrett, D.E. Facey, M.G. Flood, J. Hill, D.J. Stouder, and G.D. Grossman. 1988. Fish assemblage stability in a Southern Appalachian stream. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45: 1949-1958.

Golladay, S.W., and J.R. Webster. 1988. Effects of clear-cut logging on wood breakdown in Appalachian Mountain streams. The American Midland Naturalist 119(1): 143-155.

Grantham, J.H., and M.A. Velbel. 1988. The influence of climate and topography on rock-fragment abundance in modern fluvial sands of the southern Blue Ridge Mountains, North Carolina. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 58(2): 219-227.

Hargrove, W.W. 1988. A photographic technique for tracking herbivory on individual leaves through time. Ecological Entomology 13: 359-363.

Hargrove, W.W., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1988. Video digitizer for the rapid measurement of leaf area lost to herbivorous insects. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(4): 593-598.

Hargrove, W.W., and J.R. O'Hop Jr. 1988. A Computer Algorithm to Estimate Leaf Area Removal (LAR) by Insects. Laboratory Microcomputer. 7(1): 36-40.

Hibbert, A.R., Troendle, C.A., 1988. Streamflow Generation by Variable Source Area. In Ecological Studies: analysis and synthesis, Vol. 66. In the series analytic: Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. W.T. Swank and D.A. Crossley, Jr., eds. 1988 Springer-Verlag New York, Inc.

Huryn, A.D., and J.B. Wallace. 1988. Community structure of Tricoptera in a mountain stream: spatial patterns of production and functional organization. Freshwater Biology 20: 141-155.

Johnson, D., J. Kelly, W. Swank, D. Cole, H. Van Miegroet, J. Hornbeck, R. Pierce, and D. Van Lear. 1988. The effects of leaching and whole-tree harvesting on cation budgets of several forests. Journal of Environmental Quality 17(3): 1418-424.

Lindberg, S.E., and R.R. Turner. 1988. Factors influencing atmospheric deposition, stream export, and landscape accumulation of trace metals in forested watersheds. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 39: 123-156.

Mann, L., D. Johnson, D. West, D. Cole, J. Hornbeck, C. Martin, H. Riekerk, C. Smith, W. Swank, L. Tritton, and D. Van Lear. 1988. Effects of whole-tree and stem-only clearcutting on postharvest hydrologic losses, nutrient capital, and regrowth. Forest Science 34(2): 412-428.

Meyer, J.L., W. McDowell, T. Bott, J. Elwood, C. Ishizaki, J. Melack, B. Peckarsky, B. Peterson, and P. Rublee. 1988. Elemental dynamics in streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 7: 410-432.

Munn, N.L., and J.L. Meyer. 1988. Rapid flow through the sediments of a headwater stream in the southern Appalachians. Freshwater Biology 20: 235-240.

Pringle, C.M., R. Naiman, G. Bretschko, J. Karr, M. Oswood, J. Webster, R. Welcomme, and M. Winterbourn. 1988. Patch dynamics in lotic systems: the stream as a mosaic. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 7(4): 503-524.

Risley, L.S., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1988. Herbivore-caused greenfall in the Southern Appalachians. Ecology 69(4): 1118-1127.

Stiven, A.E., and R.C. Bruce. 1988. Ecological genetics of the salamander Desmognathus quadramaculatus from disturbed watersheds in the Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve Cluster. Conservation Biology 2(2): 194-205.

Swank, W.T., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1988. Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. Ecological Studies, vol 66. Springer- Verlag, New York, NY.

Vispo, C.R. 1988. An observation of a wild group of Masked Shrews, Sorexcinereus. The Canadian Field-Naturalist. 102(4): 731-733.

Wallace, J.B., M. E. Gurtz, and F. Smith-Cuffney. 1988. Long-term comparisons of insect abundances in disturbed and undisturbed Appalachian headwater streams. Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinlgung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 23: 1224-123

Watwood, M.E., and J.W. Fitzgerald, and W.T. Swank. 1988. Effects of moisture content on sulfate generation and retention in hardwood forest uppersoil horizons. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 18: 820-824.

Watwood, M.E., and J.W. Fitzgerald, W.T. Swank, and E.R. Blood. 1988. Factors involved in potential sulfur accumulation in litter and soil from a coastal pine forest. Biogeochemistry 6: 3-19.

Watwood, M.E., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1988. Sulfur transformations in forest litter and soil: results of laboratory and field incubations. Soil Science Society of America Journal 52: 1478- 1483.

White, D.L., B.L. Haines, and L.R. Boring. 1988. Litter decomposition in Southern Appalachian black locust and pine-hardwood stands:litter quality and nitrogen dynamics. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 18: 54-63.

Crocker, M.T., and J.L. Meyer. 1987. Interstitial dissolved organic carbon in sediments of a Southern Appalachian headwater stream. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 6(3): 159-167.

Davidson, E.A., and W.T. Swank. 1987. Factors limiting denitrification in soils from mature and disturbed southeastern hardwood forests. Forest Science 33(1): 135-144.

Davidson, E.A., L.F. Galloway, and M.K. Strand. 1987. Assessing available carbon: comparison of techniques across selected forest soils. Communication In Soil Science Plant Analogy 18(1): 45-64.

Fitzgerald, J.W., and T.C. Strickland. 1987. Mineralization of organic sulphur in the O2 horizon of a hardwood forest: involvement of sulphatase enzymes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 19(6): 779-781.

Golladay, S.W., J.R. Webster, and E.F. Benfield. 1987. Changes in stream morphology and storm transport of seston following watershed disturbance. Journal of North American Benthological Society 6(1): 1-11.

Grossman, G.D., and M.C. Freeman. 1987. Microhabitat use in a stream fish assemblage. The Journal of the Zoological Society of London 212: 151-176.

Hargrove, W.W. 1987. A video digitizer for the rapid measurement of leaf area removed by herbivorous insects. Technological tools section, Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 68(2): 185.

Hill, J., and G.D. Grossman. 1987. Effects of subcutaneous marking on stream fishes. Copeia(2): 492-495.

Hill, J., and G.D. Grossman. 1987. Home range estimates for three North American stream fishes. Copeia(2): 376-380.

Huryn, A.D., and J.B. Wallace. 1987. Local geomorphology as a determinant of macrofaunal production in a mountain stream. Ecology 68(6): 1932-1942.

Huryn, A.D., and J.B. Wallace. 1987. Production and litter processing by crayfish in an Appalachian Mountain stream. Freshwater Biology 18: 277-286.

Huryn, A.D., and J.B. Wallace. 1987. The Exopterygote insect community of a mountain stream in North Carolina, USA: Life histories, production, and functional structure. Aquatic Insects 9(4): 229-251.

Mattson, K.G., W.T. Swank, and J.B. Waide. 1987. Decomposition of woody debris in a regenerating, clearcut forest in the Southern Appalachians. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17: 712-721.

Meyer, J.L., R.T. Edwards, and R. Risley. 1987. Bacterial Growth on Dissolved Organic Carbon from a Blackwater River. Microbial Ecology. 13: 13-29.

Peters, G.T., J.R. Webster, and E.F. Benfield. 1987. Microbial activity associated with seston in headwater streams: effects of nitrogen, phosphorus and temperature. Freshwater Biology 18: 405-413.

Smith-Cuffney, F.L., and J.B. Wallace. 1987. The influence of microhabitat on availability of drifting invertebrate prey to a net-spinning caddis fly. Freshwater Biology 17: 91-98.

Strickland, T.C., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1987. Bacterial production of organic sulphur in a forest litter extract. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 19(6): 771-774.

Strickland, T.C., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1987. Incorporation of sulphate sulphur into organic matter extracts of litter and soil: involvement of ATP sulphurylase. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 17(6): 779-784.

Strickland, T.C., J.W. Fitzgerald, J.T. Ash, and W.T. Swank. 1987. Organic sulfur transformations and sulfur pool sizes in soil and litter from a Southern Appalachian hardwood forest. Soil Science 143(6): 453-458.

Velbel, M.A. 1987. Alluvial fan origin for terrace deposits of the southeast Prentiss Quadrangle, near Otto, North Carolina. Southeastern Geology 28(2): 87-103.

Berish, C.W., and H.L. Ragsdale. 1986. Metals in low-elevation, Southern Appalachian forest floor and soil. Journal of Environmental Quality 15(2): 183-187.

Davidson, E.A., and W.T. Swank. 1986. Environmental parameters regulating gaseous nitrogen losses from two forested ecosystems via nitrification and denitrification. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 52(6): 1287-1292.

Davidson, E.A., W.T. Swank, and T.O. Perry. 1986. Distinguishing between nitrification and denitrification as sources of gaseous nitrogen production in soil. Applied and Environmental Microbology 52(6): 1280-1286.

Findlay, S., J.L. Meyer, and P.J. Smith. 1986. Incorporation of microbial biomass by Peltoperla sp. (Plecoptera) and Tipula sp. (Diptera). Journal of North American Benthological Society 5(4): 306-310.

Gurtz, M.E., and J.B. Wallace. 1986. Substratum-production relationships in net-spinning caddisflies (Trichoptera) in disturbed and undisturbed hardwood catchments. Journal of North American Benthological Society 5(3): 230-236.

Haines, B.L., J.A. Jernstedt, and H.S. Neufeld. 1986. Direct foliar effects of simulated acid rain. II. Leaf surface characteristics. New Phytologist 99: 407-416.

Hairston, N.G. Sr. 1986. Species packing in Desmognathus salamanders: experimental demonstration of predation and competition. The American Naturalist 127(3): 266-291.

Hargrove, W.W. 1986. An annotated species list of insect herbivores commonly associated with Black Locust, Robinia pseudo-acacia, in the Southern Appalachians. Entomological News 97(1): 36-40.

Hogue, C.L., and T. Georgian. 1986. Recent discoveries in the Blepharicera tenuipes group, including descriptions of two new species from Appalachia (Diptera: Blephariceridae). Contributions in Science 377: 1- 20.

Huryn, A.D., and J.B. Wallace. 1986. A method for obtaining in situ growth rates of larval Chironomidae (Diptera) and its application to studies of secondary production. Limnology Oceanography 31(1): 216-222.

Lowe, R.L., S.W. Golladay, and J.R. Webster. 1986. Periphyton response to nutrient manipulation in streams draining clearcut and forested watersheds. Journal of The North American Benthological Society 5(3): 221-229.

Montagnini, F., B. Haines, L. Boring, and W. Swank. 1986. Nitrification potentials in early successional black locust and in mixed hardwood forest stands in the Southern Appalachians, USA. Biogeochemistry 2: 197-210.

Neary, D., L. Swift Jr., D. Manning, and R. Burns. 1986. Debris avalanching in the Southern Appalachians: an influence on forest soil formation. Soil Science Society of America Journal 50: 465-471.

Neary, D.G., P.B. Bush, and M.A. Grant. 1986. Water quality of ephemeral forest streams after site preparation with the herbicide hexazinone. Forest Ecology and Management 14: 23-40.

Risley, L.S.. 1986. The influence of herbivores on seasonal leaf-fall: premature leaf abscission and petiole clipping. Journal of Agricultural Entomology 3(2): 152-162.

Schowalter, T.D., W.W. Hargrove, and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1986. Herbivory in forested ecosystems. Annual Review of Entomology 31: 177-196.

Southerland, M.T. 1986. The effects of variation in streamside habitats on the composition of mountain salamander communities. Copeia 3: 731-741.

Stagnitti, F., M.B. Parlange, T.S. Steenhuis, and J. Parlange. 1986. Drainage from a uniform soil layer on a hillslope. Water Resources Research 22(5): 631-634.

Strickland, T.C., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1986. Organosulphur recalcitrance in soil and litter from a hardwood forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 18(6): 661-662.

Strickland, T.C., J.W. Fitzgerald, and W.T. Swank. 1986. In situ measurements of sulfate incorporation into forest floor and soil organic matter. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 16: 549-553.

Strickland, T.C., J.W. Fitzgerald, and W.T. Swank. 1986. In situ mobilization of 35S-labelled organic sulphur in litter and soil from a hardwood forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 18(5): 463-468.

Swift, L.W. Jr. 1986. Filter strip widths for forest roads in the Southern Appalachians. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 10(1): 27-34.

Wallace, J.B., and M.E. Gurtz. 1986.Response of Baetis Mayflies (Ephemeroptera) to catchment logging. The American Midland Naturalist 115(1): 25-41.

Wallace, J.B., D.S. Vogel, and T.F. Cuffney. 1986. Recovery of a headwater stream from an insecticide-induced community disturbance. Journal of North American Benthological Society 5(2): 115-126.

Wallace, J.B., T.F. Cuffney, C.C. Lay, and D. Vogel. 1986. The influence of an ecosystem-level manipulation on prey consumption by a lotic dragonfly. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 65: 35-40.

Watwood, M.E., and J.W. Fitzgerald, and J.R. Gosz. 1986. Sulfur processing in forest soil and litter along an elevational and vegetational gradient. Can. J. For. Res. 16: 689-695.

Webster, J.R., and E.F. Benfield. 1986. Vascular plant breakdown in freshwater ecosystems. Annual Review of Ecology Systems 17: 567-594.

Benfield, E.F. and Jack R. Webster. 1985. Shredder abundance and leaf breakdown in an Appalachian Mountain stream. Freshwater Biology 15(1):113-120.

Cuffney, T.F., J.B. Wallace, and J.R. Webster. 1985. Influence of invertabrates on detrital processing in southern Appalachian streams: A manipulative approach. Freshwater Invertabrate Biology 3: 153-171.

Davidson, E.A., M.K. Strand, and L.F. Galloway. 1985. Evaluation of the Most Probable Number Method for Enumerating Denitrifying Bacteria. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 49(3): 642-645.

Fitzgerald, J.W., and T.L. Andrew. 1985. Metabolism of methionine in forest floor layers and soil: influence of sterilization and antibiotics. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 17(6): 881-883.

Fitzgerald, J.W., M.E. Watwood, and F.A. Rose. 1985. Forest floor and soil arylsulphatase: hydrolysis of tyrosine sulphate, an environmentally relevant substrate for the enzyme. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 17(6): 885-887.

Fitzgerald, J.W., T.C. Strickland, and J.T. Ash. 1985. Isolation and partial characterization of forest floor and soil organic sulfur. Biogeochemistry 1: 155-167.

Grossman, G.D., Freeman, M.C., Moyle, P.B., Whitaker, J.O. 1985. Stochasticity and Assemblage Organization in an Indiana Stream Fish Assemblage.The American Naturalist, 126(3): 275-285.

Haines, B., J. Chapman, and C.D. Monk. 1985. Rates of mineral element leaching from leaves of nine plant species from a Southern Appalachian forest succession subjected to simulated acid rain. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 112(3): 258-264.

Huryn, A D. 1985. A new species of Hydroptila (Trichoptera: Hydroptilidae) from North Carolina. Proceedings of the Entomology Society of Washington 87: 444-447.

Huryn, A.D., and J.B. Wallace. 1985. Life history and production of Goerita semata Ross (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae) in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Canadian Journal of Zoology 63: 2604-2611.

Leopold, D.J., and G.R. Parker. 1985. Vegetation patterns on a Southern Appalachian watershed after successive clearcuts. Castanea 50(3): 164-186.

Leopold, D.J., G.R. Parker, and W.T. Swank. 1985. Forest development after successive clearcuts in the Southern Appalachians: part 1. Forest Ecology and Management 13: 83-120.

Monk, C.D., and F.P. Day Jr. 1985. Vegetation analysis, primary production and selected nutrient budgets for a Southern Appalachian oak forest: a synthesis of IBP studies at Coweeta. Forest Ecology and Management 10: 87-113.

Monk, C.D., D.T. McGinty, and F.P. Day Jr. 1985. The ecological importance of Kalmia latifolia and Rhododendron maximum in the deciduous forest of the Southern Appalachians. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 112(2): 187-193.

Neary, D.G., P.B. Bush, J.E. Douglass, and R.L. Todd. 1985. Picloram movement in an Appalachian hardwood forest watershed. Journal of Environmental Quality 14: 585-592.

Neufeld, H.S., J.A. Jernstedt, and B.L. Haines. 1985. Direct foliar effects of simulated acid rain. I. Damage, growth and gas exchange. New Phytologist 99: 389-405.

O'Doherty, E.C. 1985. Stream-dwelling copepods: Their life history and ecological significance. Limnol. Oceanogr. 30(3): 554-564.

Phillips, D.L., and W.H. Murdy. 1985. Effects of rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum L.) on regeneration of Southern Appalachian hardwoods. Forest Science 31: 226-233.

Strickland, T.C., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1985. Incorporation of Sulphate-Sulphur into Organic Matter Extracts of Litter and Soil: Involvement of ATP Sulphurylase. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 17(6): 779-784.

Van Lear, D.H., J.E. Douglass, S.K. Cox, and M.K. Augspurger. 1985. Sediment and nutrient export in runoff from burned and harvested pine watersheds in the South Carolina Piedmont. Journal of Environmental Quality 14(2): 169-174.

Velbel, M.A. 1985. Geochemical mass balances and weathering rates in forested watersheds of the southern Blue Ridge. American Journal of Science 285: 904-930.

Velbel, M.A. 1985. Hydrogeochemical Constraints on Mass Balances In Forested Watersheds Of The Southern Appalachians, pp. 231-247. In Drever, J.I. (ed.), The Chemistry of Weathering. D. Reidel, Holland.

Webster, J.R., E. Blood, S.V. Gregory, M.E. Gurtz, R.E. Sparks, and M. Thurman. 1985. Long-term research in stream ecology. Bulletin of Ecology Society of America 66: 346-353.

Berish, C.W., and H.L. Ragsdale. 1984. Chronological sequence of element concentrations in wood of Carya spp. in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 15: 477-483.

Boring, L., and W. Swank. 1984. The role of black locust (Robinia pseudo-acacia) in forest succession. Journal of Ecology 72: 749-766.

Boring, L.R., and W.T. Swank. 1984. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation in regenerating black locust (Robinia pseudo-acacia L.) stands. Forest Science 30(2): 528-537.

Brannan, J.R., J.A. Reneke, and J. Waide. 1984. A diffusion model of forest succession. Mathematical Biosciences 69: 131-149.

Cuffney, T.F., J.B. Wallace, and J.R. Webster. 1984. Pesticide manipulation of a headwater stream: invertebrate responses and their significance for ecosystem processes. Freshwater Invertebrate Biology 3(4): 153-171.

Findlay, S., and J.L. Meyer. 1984. Significance of bacterial biomass and production as an organic carbon source in lotic detrital systems. Bulletin of Marine Science 35(3): 318-325.

Fitzgerald, J.W., and T.L. Andrew. 1984. Mineralization of methionine sulfur in soils and forest floor layers. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 16(6): 565-570.

Fitzgerald, J.W., T.L. Andrew, and W.T. Swank. 1984. Availability of carbon-bonded sulfur for mineralization in forest soils. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 14: 839-843.

Georgian, T.J., Jr. and J.B. Wallace. 1984. Seasonal production dynamics of six species of periphyton-grazing insects. BioScience. 34: 42-43.

Gurtz, M.E., and J.B. Wallace. 1984. Substrate-mediated response of stream invertebrates to disturbance. Ecology 65(5): 1556-1569.

Hargrove, W.W., D.A. Crossley Jr., and T.R. Seastedt. 1984. Shifts in insect herbivory in the canopy of black locust, Robinia pseudo-acacia, after fertilization. Oikos 43: 322-328.

Harshbarger, T.J. 1984. Living trout mean living water. Katuah 4: 3, 22.

Hewlett, J.D., J.C. Fortson, and G.B. Cunningham. 1984. Additional tests on the effect of rainfall intensity on storm flow and peak flow from wild-land basins. Water Resources Research 20: 985-989.

Kuhlman, E.G., and H. Bhattacharyya. 1984. Vegetative compatibility and hypovirulence conversion among naturally occurring isolates of Cryphonectria parasitica. Phytopathology 74: 659-664.

Kuhlman, E.G., H. Bhattacharyya, B.L. Nash, M.L. Double, and W.L. MacDonald. 1984. Identifying hypovirulent isolates of Cryphonectria parasitica with broad conversion capacity. Phytopathology 74: 676-682.

Mansberg, L. and T. R. Wentworth. 1984. Vegetation and soils of a serpentine barren in western North Carolina. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 111(3): 273-286.

Neary, D.G., J.E. Douglass, J.L. Ruehle, and W. Fox. 1984. Converting rhododendron-laurel thickets to white pine with picloram and mycorrhizae-inoculated seedlings. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 8(3): 163-168.

Nutter, W.L., T. Tkacs, P.B. Bush, and D.G. Neary. 1984. Simulation of herbicide concentrations in stormflow from forested watersheds. Water Resource Bulletin 20(6): 851-857.

O'Hop, J., J.B. Wallace, and J.D. Haefner. 1984. Production of a stream shredder, Peltoperla maria (Plecoptera: Peltoperlidae) in disturbed and undisturbed hardwood catchments. Freshwater Biology. 14: 13-21.

Risley, L.S. 1984. A modified rope-climbing technique for reaching canopies of forest trees in remote areas. Journal of Georgia Entomological Society 19: 533-538.

Seastedt, T.R. 1984. The role of microarthropods in decomposition and mineralization processes. Annual Review of Entomology 29: 25-46.

Singer, F.J., W.T. Swank, and E.E.C. Clebsch. 1984. Effects of wild pig rooting in a deciduous forest. Journal of Wildlife Management 48: 464-473.

Sloan, P.G., and I.D. Moore. 1984. Modeling subsurface stormflow on steeply sloping forested watersheds. Water Resources Research 20(12): 1815-1822.

Strickland, T.C., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1984. Formation and mineralization of organic sulfur in forest soils. Biogeochemistry 1: 79-95.

Strickland, T.C., J.W. Fitzgerald, and W.T. Swank. 1984. Mobilization of recently formed forest soil organic sulfur. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 14: 63-67.

Swank, W.T. 1984. Atmospheric contributions to forest nutrient cycling. Water Resources Bulletin 20(3): 313-321.

Swank, W.T., J.W. Fitzgerald, and J.T. Ash. 1984. Microbial transformation of sulfate in forest soils. Science 223(4632): 182-184.

Swift, L.W. Jr. 1984. Gravel and grass surfacing reduces soil loss from mountain roads. Forest Science 30: 657-670.

Swift, L.W. Jr. 1984. Soil losses from roadbed and cut and fill slopes in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 8: 209-215.

Swindel, B.F., and J.E. Douglass. 1984. Describing and Testing Nonlinear Treatment Effects in Paired Watershed Experiments. Forest Sci. 30(2): 305-313.

Van Lear, D.H., J.B. Waide, and M.J. Teuke. 1984. Biomass and nutrient content of a 41-year-old loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantation on a poor site in South Carolina. Forest Science 30(2): 395-404.

Velbel, M.A. 1984. Natural weathering mechanisms of almandine garnet. Geology 12: 631-634.

Webster, J.R., and S.W. Golladay. 1984. Seston transport in streams at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, North Carolina, U.S.A. Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie 22: 1911-1919.

Wells, M.J.M., J.L. Michael, and D.G. Neary. 1984. Determination of Picloram in Soil and Water by Reversed-Phase Liquid Chromatography. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 13: 231-235.

Coulston, P.J., and O.E. Maughan. 1983. Effects of removal of instream bebris on trout populations. The Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. 99(3): 78-85.

Douglass, J E., and D.H. Van Lear. 1983. Prescribed burning and water quality at ephemeral streams in the Piedmont of South Carolina. Forest Science 29(1): 181-189.

Douglass, J.E. 1983. The potential for water yield augmentation from forest management in the Eastern United States. Water Resource Bulletin 19(3): 351-358.

Evans, J.O., and J.H. Patric. 1983. Harvest trees, reap water. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 38: 390-392.

Fitzgerald, J.W., J.T. Ash, T.C. Strickland, and W.T. Swank. 1983. Formation of organic sulfur in forest soils: a biologically mediated process. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 13: 1077-1082.

Georgian, T., and J.B. Wallace. 1983. Seasonal production dynamics in a guild of periphyton-grazing insects in a Southern Appalachian stream. Ecology 64(5): 1236-1248.

Golladay, S.W., J.R. Webster, and E.F. Benfield. 1983. Factors affecting food utilization by a leaf shredding aquatic insect: leaf species and conditioning time. Holarctic Ecology 6: 157-162.

Haines, B. 1983. Forest ecosystems SO4-S input-output discrepancies and acid rain: Are they related? Oikos 41: 139-143.

Johnson, D.W., and D.E. Todd. 1983. Relationships among iron, aluminum, carbon, and sulfate in a variety of forest soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 57: 792-800.

Kuhlman, E.G.. 1983. Effects of hypovirulence in Cryphonectria parasitica and of secondary blight infections on dieback of American Chestnut trees. Phytopathology 73: 1030-1034.

Meyer, J.L., and C. Johnson. 1983. The influence of elevated nitrate concentration on rate of leaf decomposition in a stream. Freshwater Biology 13: 177-183.

Meyer, J.L., and C.M. Tate. 1983. The effects of watershed disturbance on dissolved organic carbon dynamics of a stream. Ecology 64: 33-44.

Neary, D.G. 1983. Monitoring herbicide residues in springflow after an operational application of hexazinone. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 7(4): 217-223.

Neary, D.G., P.B. Bush, and J.E. Douglass. 1983. Off-site movement of hexazinone in stormflow and baseflow from forest watersheds. Weed Science 31: 543-551.

O'Hop, J., and J.B. Wallace. 1983. Invertebrate drift, discharge, and sediment relations in a southern Appalachian headwater stream. Hydrobiologica. 98: 71-84.

Risley, L.S. 1983. Effect of simulated insect herbivore damage on survival of tree leaves. Environmental Entomology 22(1): 57- 61.

Robinson, V.L., and E.L. Fisher. 1983. A model of turn-time requirements in a highlead yarding system. Forest Science 29(3): 641-652.

Ross, D.H., and J.B. Wallace. 1983. Longitudinal patterns of production, food consumption, and seston utilization by net-spinning caddisflies (Trichoptera) in a Southern Appalachian stream. Holarctic Ecology 6: 270-284.

Schowalter, T.D., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1983. Forest canopy arthropods as sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium pools in forests. Forest Ecology and Management 7: 143-148.

Seastedt, T.R., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1983. The influence of arthropods on ecosystems. BioScience 34(3): 157-161.

Seastedt, T.R., and D.A. Crossley Jr., and W.W. Hargrove. 1983. The effects of low-level consumption by canopy arthropods on the growth and nutrient dynamics of black locust and red maple trees in the Southern Appalachians. Ecology 64(5): 1040-1048.

Seastedt, T.R., and D.A. Crossley Jr.. 1983. Nutrients in forest litter treated with naphthalene and simulated throughfall: a field microcosm study. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 15: 159-165.

Seastedt, T.R., D.A. Crossley Jr., V. Meentemeyer, and J.B. Waide. 1983. A two-year study of leaf litter decomposition as related to macroclimatic factors and microarthropod abundance in the southern Appalachians. Holarctic Ecology 6: 11-16.

Strickland, T.C., and J.W. Fitzgerald. 1983. Mineralization of sulphur in sulphoquinovose by forest soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 15(3): 347-349.

Swift, L.W. Jr. 1983. Green sponge. The American Tree Farmer 2(5): 7.

Tate, C.M., and J.L. Meyer. 1983. The influence of hydrologic conditions and successional state on dissolved organic carbon export from forested watersheds. Ecology 64: 25-32.

Webster, J.R.. 1983. The role of benthic macroinvertebrates in detritus dynamics of streams: a computer simulation. Ecological Monographs 53(4): 383-404.

Abbott, D.T., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1982. Woody litter decomposition following clear-cutting. Ecology 63: 35-42.

Fitzgerald, J.W., T C. Strickland, and W.T. Swank. 1982. Metabolic fate of inorganic sulfate in soil samples from undisturbed and managed forest ecosystems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 14: 529-536.

Haines, B.L., J.B. Waide, and R.L. Todd. 1982. Soil solution nutrient concentrations sampled with tension and zero-tension lysimeters: report of discrepancies. Soil Science Society of America Journal 46: 658-661.

Harshbarger, T.J., and P.E. Porter. 1982. Embryo survival and fry emergence from artificially planted trout eggs: two techniques compared. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 2: 84-89.

Mayack, D.T., P. Bush, B., D.G. Neary, and J.E. Douglass. 1982. Impact of hexazinone on invertebrates after application to forested watersheds. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 11: 209-217.

Neary, D.G., and J.B. Currier. 1982. Impact of Wildfire and Watershed Restoration on Water Quality in South Carolina's Blue Ridge Mountains. Southern Journal of Applied Forestery. 6(2): 81-90.

Parker, G.R., and W.T. Swank. 1982. Tree species response to clear cutting a Southern Appalachian watershed. American Midland Naturalist 108: 304-310.

Robinson, V.L., and E.L. Fisher. 1982. High-lead yarding costs in the Southern Appalachians. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 6: 172-176.

Ross, D.H., and J.B. Wallace. 1982. Factors influencing the longitudinal distribution of larval Hydropsychidae (Trichoptera) in a Southern Appalachian stream system. Hydrobiologia 96: 185-199.

Smith, J. 1982. At Coweeta: Notes of an ecology watcher. Emory Magazine. 7-13.

Swank, W.T. 1982. Review of biogeochemical cycling of mineral-forming elements: studies in environmental science. Quarterly Review of Biology. 3: 91.

Swank, W.T. 1982. Studi di ecologia e idrologia forestali. Universaita di Padova, Instituto di Ecologia e Selvicoltura, Padova, Italy.

Swank, W.T., and W.H. Caskey. 1982. Nitrate depletion in a second-order mountain stream. Journal of Environmental Quality 11: 581-584.

Van Lear, D.H., M.A. Taras, J.B. Waide, and M.K. Augspurger. 1982. Comparison of biomass equations for planted vs. natural loblolly pine stands of sawtimber size. Forest Ecology and Management 14: 205-210.

Wallace, J.B., D.H. Ross, and J.L. Meyer. 1982. Seston and dissolved organic carbon dynamics in a Southern Appalachian stream. Ecology 63: 824-838.

Wallace, J.B., J.R. Webster, and T.F. Cuffney. 1982. Stream detritus dynamics: regulations by invertebrate consumers. Oecologia 53: 197-200.

Webster, J.R., and J.B. Waide. 1982. Effects of forest clearcutting on leaf breakdown in a Southern Appalachian stream. Freshwater Biology 12: 331-344.

Wells, M.J.M. 1982. The effect of silanol masking on the recovery of picloram and other solutes from a hydrocarbonaceous pre-analysis extraction column. Journal of Liquid Chromatography 5(12): 2293-2309.

Boring, L.R., C.D. Monk, and W.T. Swank. 1981. Early regeneration of a clear-cut Southern Appalachian forest. Ecology 62: 1244-1253.

Georgian, T.J., and J.B. Wallace. 1981. A model of seston capture by net-spinning caddisflies. Oikos 36: 147-157.

Haefner, J.D., and J.B. Wallace. 1981. Production and potential seston utilization by Parapsyche cardis and Diplectrona modesta (Trichoptera. Hydropsychidae) in two streams draining contrasting southern Appalachian watersheds. Environmental Entomology 10(4):433-441

Haefner, J.D., and J.B. Wallace. 1981. Shifts in aquatic insect populations in a first-order southern Appalachian stream following a decade of old field succession. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 38: 353-359.

Hornick, L E., J.R. Webster, and E.F. Benfield. 1981. Periphyton production in an Appalachian mountain trout stream. American Midland Naturalist 106: 22-36.

Merritt, R.W., and J.B. Wallace. 1981. Filter-feeding insects. Scientific American 244(4): 132-136, 141-142, 144.

Ross, D., and J.B. Wallace. 1981. Production of Brachycentrus spinae Ross (Trichoptera: Brachycentridae) and its role in seston dynamics of a southern Appalachian stream. Environmental Entomology 10: 240-248.

Santee, W.R., and C.D. Monk. 1981. Stem diameter and dry weight relationships in Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 108: 320-323.

Schowalter, T.D. 1981. Insect herbivore relationship to the state of the host plant: biotic regulation of ecosystem nutrient cycling through ecological succession. Oikos 37: 126-130.

Schowalter, T.D., J.W. Webb, and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1981. Community structure and nutrient content of canopy arthropods in clearcut and uncut forest ecosystems. Ecology 62: 1010-1019.

Seastedt, T.R., and C.M. Tate. 1981. Decomposition rates and nutrient contents of arthropod remains in forest litter. Ecology 62: 13-19.

Seastedt, T.R., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1981. Microarthropod response following cable logging and clear-cutting in the Southern Appalachians. Ecology 62: 126-135.

Seastedt, T.R., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1981. Sodium dynamics in forest ecosystems and the animal starvation hypothesis. American Naturalist 117: 1029-1034.

Swank, W.T., J.B. Waide, D.A. Crossley Jr., and R.L. Todd. 1981. Insect defoliation enhances nitrate export from forest ecosytems. Oecologia 51: 297-299.

Swift, L.W. Jr., and H.T. Schreuder. 1981. Fitting daily precipitation amounts using the SB distribution. Monthly Weather Review 109: 2535-2541.

Swift, L.W. Jr., and W.T. Swank. 1981. Long term responses of streamflow following clearcutting and regrowth. Hydrological Sciences Bulletin 26: 245-256.

Whitford, W.G., V. Meentemeyer, T. Seastedt, J.K. Cromack, J.D.A. Crossley, P. Santos, R. Todd, and J. Waide. Exceptions to the AET model: deserts and clearcut forest. Ecology 62: 275-277.

Abbott, D.T., T.R. Seastedt, and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1980. The abundance, distribution and effects of clear-cutting on Cryptostigmata in the southern Appalachians. Environmental Entomology 9: 618-623.

Becker, V.E. 1980. Nitrogen Fixing Lichens in Forests of the Southern Appalachian Mountains of North Carolina. The Bryologist 83(1) 29-39.

Benke, A.C., and J.B. Wallace. 1980. Trophic basis of production among net-spinning caddisflies in a southern Appalachian stream. Ecology 61: 108-118.

Bosch, J.M., and J.D. Hewlett. 1980. A review of catchment experiments to determine the effect of vegetation changes on water yield and evapotrasnpiration. Journal of Hydrology. 55: 3-23.

Cushing, C.E., C.D. McIntire, J.R. Sedell, K.W. Cummins, G.W. Marshall, R.C. Peterson, and R.L. Vannote. 1980. Comparative study of physical-chemical variables of streams using multivariate analysis. Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie 89: 343-352.

Gurtz, M.E., J.R. Webster, and J.B. Wallace. 1980. Seston dynamics in southern Appalachian streams: effects of clear-cutting. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 37: 624-631.

Haines, B., M. Stefani, and F. Hendrix. 1980. Acid rain: threshold of leaf damage in eight plant species from a southern Appalachian forest succession. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 14: 403-407.

Hairston, N.G. 1980. Species packing in the salamander genus Desmognathus: what are the interspecific interactions involved? The American Naturalist 115(3): 354-366.

Seastedt, T.R., A. Kothari, and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1980. A simplified gelatine embedding technique for sectioning litter and soil samples. Pedobiologia 20: 55-59.

Seastedt, T.R., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1980. Effects of microarthropods on the seasonal dynamics of forest litter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 12: 337-342.

Wallace, J.B., and R.W. Merritt. 1980. Filter-Feeding Ecology Of Aquatic Insects. Annual Review of Entomology. 25:103-32.

Wallace, L.L., and E.L. Dunn. 1980. Comparative photosynthesis of three gap phase successional tree species. Oecologia 45: 331-340.

Cromack, K. Jr., P. Sollins, W. Graustein, K. Speidel, A. Todd, G. Spycher, C. Li, and R. Todd. 1979. Calcium oxalate accumulation and soil weathering in mats of hypogeous fungus Hysterangium crassum. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 11: 463- 468.

Deshefy, G.S. 1979. Predator escape behavior by fall cankerworm larvae, Alsophila pometaria (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). Entomological News 90: 145-146.

Edwards, L. 1979. The greening of a clearcut. Research Reporter 12(3): 6-8.

Harshbarger, T.J. 1979. Scraping improves silver nitrate brands on trout. Progressive Fish-Culturist 41: 209.

Harshbarger, T.J., and P.E. Porter. 1979. Survival of brown trout eggs: two planting techniques compared. Progressive Fish-Culturist 41: 206-209.

Hatcher, R.D. Jr. 1979. The Coweeta Group and Coweeta syncline: major features of the North Carolina - Georgia Blue Ridge. Southeastern Geology 21(1): 17-29.

March, W.J., J.R. Wallace, and L W. Swift Jr. 1979. An investigation into the effect of storm type on precipitation in a small mountain watershed. Water Resources Research 15: 298-304.

Vitousek, P.M., J.R. Gosz, C.C. Grier, J.M. Melillo, W.A. Reiners, and R.L. Todd. 1979. Nitrate losses from disturbed ecosystems. Science 204: 469-474.

Wallace, J.B., and J. O'Hop. 1979. Fine Particle Susension-Feeding Capabilities of Isonychia spp. (Ephemeroptera: Siphlonuridae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 72: 353-357.

Webster, J.R., and B.C. Patten. 1979. Effect of watershed perturbation on stream potassium and calcium dynamics. Ecological Monographs 49: 51-72.

Henderson, G.S., W.T. Swank, J.B. Waide, and C.C. Grier. 1978. Nutrient budgets of Appalachian and Cascade region watersheds: a comparison. Forest Science 24: 385-397.

Neary, D.G., A.J. Pearce, C.L. O'Loughlin, and L.K. Rowe. 1978. Management Impacts On Nutrient Fluxes In Beech-Podocarp-Hardwood Forests. New Zealand Journal of Ecology. 1: 19-26.

Patric, J.H. 1978. Harvesting effects on soil and water in the eastern hardwood forest. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 2(3): 66-73.

Seastedt, T.R., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1978. Further investigations of microarthropod populations using the Merchant-Crossley high-gradient extractor. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society 13: 338-344.

Tan, K.H., P. Sihanonth, and R.L. Todd. 1978. Formation of humic acid-like compounds by the ectotrophic mycorrhizal fungus Pisolithus tinctorius. Soil Science Society of America Journal 42: 906-908.

Webster, J.R., and D.A. Crossley Jr.. 1978. Evaluation of two models for predicting elemental accumulation by arthropods. Environmental Entomology 7(3): 411-417.

Day, F.P., and C.D. Monk. 1977. Net primary production and phenology on a Southern Appalachian watershed. American Journal of Botany 64: 1117-1125.

Day, F.P., and C.D. Monk. 1977. Seasonal nutrient dynamics in the vegetation on a Southern Appalachian watershed. American Journal of Botany 64: 1126-1139.

Hewlett, J.D., G.B. Cunningham, and C.A. Troendle. 1977. Predicting stormflow and peakflow from small basins in humid areas by the R-index method. Water Resources Research 13: 231-253.

Hewlett, J.D., J.C. Fortson, and G.B. Cunningham. 1977. The effect of rainfall intensity on storm flow and peak discharge from forest land. Water Resources Research 13: 259-265.

Malas, D.M., and J.B. Wallace. 1977. Strategies for coexistence in three species of net-spinning caddisflies (Trichoptera) in second order southern Appalachian streams. Canadian Journal of Zoology 55: 1829-1840.

McBrayer, J.F., J.M. Ferris, L.J. Metz, C.S. Gist, B.W. Cornaby, Y. Kitazawa, T. Kitazawa, J.G. Wernz, G.W. Krantz, and H. Jensen. 1977. Decomposer invertebrate populations in U. S. forest biomes. Pedobiologia 17: 89-96.

Rowe, R., R.L. Todd, and J.B. Waide. 1977. A microtechnique for MPN analysis. Applied Environmental Microbiology 33: 675-680.

Wallace, J.B., J.R. Webster, and W.R. Woodall. 1977. The role of filter feeders in flowing waters. Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie 79(4): 506-532.

Crossley, D. A. Jr., J.T. Callahan, C.S. Gist, J.R. Maudsley, and J.B. Waide. 1976. Compartmentalization of arthropod communities in forest canopies at Coweeta. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society 11: 44-49.

Dissmeyer, G.E., and W.T. Swank. 1976. Municipal watershed management survey. Journal of American Water Works Association 68(2): 97-100.

Drooz, A.T., G.F. Fedde, and J.A. Copony. 1976. Egg parasite of the elm spanworm is not Telenomus alsophilae. Environmental Entomology 5(3): 492-494.

Haines, B.L., and G.R. Best. 1976. Glomus mosseae, endomycorrhizal with Liquidambar styraciflua L. seedlings retard NO3 and NH4 nitrogen loss from a temperate forest soil. Plant and Soil 45: 257-261.

Lewis, C.E., and T.J. Harshbarger. 1976. Shrub and herbaceous vegetation after 20 years of prescribed burning in the South Carolina Coastal Plain. Journal of Range Management 29: 13-18.

Swank, W.T., and G.S. Henderson. 1976. Atmospheric input of some cations and anions to forest ecosystems in North Carolina and Tennessee. Water Resources Research 12: 541-546.

Swift, L.W. Jr. 1976. Algorithm for solar radiation on mountain slopes. Water Resources Research 12: 108-112.

Wallace, J.B., and D. Malas. 1976. The fine structure of capture nets of larval Philopotamidae (Trichoptera) with special emphasis on Dolophilodae distinctus. Canadian Journal of Zoology 54: 1788-1802.

Wallace, J.B., and D. Malas. 1976. The significance of the elongate rectangular mesh found in capture nets of fine particulate filter feeding Trichoptera larvae. Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie 77: 205-212.

Cromack, K., R.L. Todd, and C.D. Monk. 1975. Patterns of basidiomycete nutrient accumulation in conifer and deciduous forest litter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 7: 265-268.

Gist, C.S., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1975. Feeding rates of some cryptozoa as determined by isotopic half-life studies. Environmental Entomology 4: 625-631.

Gist, C.S., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1975. The litter arthropod community in a Southern Appalachian hardwood forest: numbers, biomass and mineral element content. American Midland Naturalist 93: 107-122.

Harshbarger, T.J., C.J. Perkins, and R.E. Martin. 1975. Legume response unrelated to fuel moisture at time of burning. Journal of Range Management 28: 70-71.

Hermann, H.R., M.Mullen, and J.B. Wallace. 1975. Suction disc in Blepharia separata Alexander. Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society 10: 145-150.

McMinn, J.W., and J.D. Hewlett. 1975. First-year yield increase after forest cutting: an alternative model. Journal of Forestry 73(10): 654-655.

Murphy, C.E. Jr., and K.R. Knoerr. 1975. The evaporation of intercepted rainfall from a forest stand: an analysis by simulation. Water Resources Research 11(2): 273-280.

Nicholson, S.A., and C.D. Monk. 1975. Changes in several community characteristics associated with forest formation in secondary succession. American Midland Naturalist 93: 302-310.

Swift, L.W. Jr., W.T. Swank, J.B. Mankin, R.J. Luxmoore, and R.A. Goldstein. 1975. Simulation of evapotranspiration and drainage from mature and clear-cut deciduous forests and young pine plantation. Water Resources Research 11(5): 667-673.

Todd, R.L., W.T. Swank, J.E. Douglass, P.C. Kerr, D.L. Brockway, and C.D. Monk. 1975. The relationship between nitrate concentration in the Southern Appalachian mountain streams and terrestrial nitrifiers. Agro-Ecosystems 2: 127-132.

Wallace, J.B. 1975. Arctopsyche: the larval retreat and food of Arctopsyche; with phylogenetic notes on feeding adaptations in Hydropsychidae larvae (Trichoptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 68: 167-173.

Brockman, E.R., and R.L. Todd. 1974. Fruiting myxobacters as viewed with a scanning electron microscope. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 24: 118-124.

Day, F.P., and C.D. Monk. 1974. Vegetation patterns on a southern Appalachian watershed. Ecology 55: 1064-1074.

Douglass, J.E. 1974. Watershed values important in land use planning on southern forests. Journal of Forestry 72: 617-621.

Gist, C.S., and W.T. Swank. 1974. An optical planimeter for leaf area determination. American Midland Naturalist 92: 213-217.

McSwain, M.R., R.J. Watrous, and J.E. Douglass. 1974. Improved methylthymol blue procedure for automated sulfate determination. Analytical Chemistry 46: 1329-1331.

Nicholson, S.A., and C.D. Monk. 1974. Plant species diversity in oldfield succession on the Georgia Piedmont. Ecology 55: 1075-1085.

Schmid, M. 1974. Managing a watershed. The Conservationist 29(2): 25.

Schreuder, H.T., and W.T. Swank. 1974. Coniferous stands characterized with the Weibull distribution. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research 4: 518-523.

Swank, W.T., and H.T. Schreuder. 1974. Comparison of three methods of estimating surface area and biomass for a forest of young eastern white pine. Forest Science 20: 91-100.

Swank, W.T., and J.E. Douglass. 1974. Streamflow greatly reduced by coverting deciduous hardwood stands to pine. Science 185: 857-859.

Cornaby, B.W., and J.B. Waide. 1973. Nitrogen fixation in decaying chestnut logs. Plant and Soil 39: 445-448.

Crossley, D.A. Jr., R.N. Coulson, and C.S. Gist. 1973. Trophic level effects on species diversity in arthropod communities of forest canopies. Environmental Entomology 2: 1097-1100.

Hairston, N.G. 1973. Ecology, selection and systematics. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, MA.

Johnson, P.L., and W.T. Swank. 1973. Studies on cation budgets in the southern Appalachians on four experimental watersheds with contrasting vegetation. Ecology 54: 70-80.

Scholl, D.G., and A.R. Hibbert. 1973. Unsaturated flow properties used to predict outflow and evaporation from a sloping lysimeter. Water Resources Research 9(6): 1645-1655.

Swift, L.W. Jr., and K.R. Knoerr. 1973. Estimating solar radiation on mountain slopes. Agricultural Meteorology 12: 329-336.

Todd, R.L., and J.H. Nuner. 1973. Short communication: Comparison of Two Techniques for Assessing Denitrification in Terrestrial Ecosystems. Bulletin of the Ecological Research Commission (Stockholm). 17: 277-278.

Todd, R.L., K. Cromack, and J.C. Stormer. 1973. Chemical exploration of microhabitat by electron probe microanalysis of decomposer organisms. Nature 243: 544-546.

Cataneo, R., and D.L. Vercellino. 1972. Estimating rainfall rate-radar reflectivity relationships for individual storms. Journal of Applied Meteorology 2(1): 211-213.

Swank, W.T., N.B. Goebel, and J.D. Helvey. 1972. Interception loss in loblolly pine stands of the South Carolina Piedmont. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 27: 160-164.

Todd, R.L., K. Cromack Jr., and R.M. Knutson. 1972. Scanning Electron Microscopy in the Study of Terrestrial Microbial Ecology. Bulletin of the Ecological Research Commission. 17: 109-118.

Woodall, W.R. Jr, and J.B. Wallace. 1972. The Benthic Fauna in Four Small Southern Appalachian Streams. The American Midland Naturalist. 88(2): 393-407.

Barr, T.C. Jr. 1971. The North American Pterostichus of the subgenus Cylindrocharis Casey (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Novitates 2445. American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY.

Coulson, R.N., D.A. Crossley Jr., and C.S. Gist. 1971. Patterns of Coleoptera species diversity in contrasting white pine and coppice canopy communities. American Midland Naturalist 86: 145-151.

Hewlett, J.D. 1971. Comments on the catchment experiment to determine vegetal effects on water yield. Water Resources Bulletin. 7(2): 376-381.

Monk, C.D. 1971. Species and area relationships in the eastern deciduous forest. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Science Society 87: 227-230.

Swift, L.W. Jr., and J.B. Messer. 1971. Forest cuttings raise temperatures of small streams in the Southern Appalachians. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 26: 111-116.

Coulson, R.N., R.T. Franklin, and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1970. A self-maintaining window trap for collecting flying insects. Entomological News 81: 164.

Hewlett, J.D., and J.D. Helvey. 1970. Effects of forest clear-felling on the storm hydrograph. Water Resoures Research 6: 768-782.

Wallace, J.B. 1970. A new species of Psilotreta from North Carolina (Trichoptera: Odontoceridae). Entomological News 81: 243-245.

Wallace, J.B., W.R. Woodall Jr., and F.F. Sherberger. 1970. Breakdown of leaves by feeding of Peltoperla maria nymphs (Plecoptera: Peltoperlidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 63: 562-567.

Woodruff, J.F., and J.D. Hewlett. 1970. Predicting and Mapping the Average Hydrologic Response for the Eastern United States. Water Resources Research. 6(5): 1312-1326.

Cataneo, R. 1969.A method for estimating rainfall rate-radar reflectivity relationships. Journal of Applied Meteorology 8(5): 815-819.

Hewlett, J.D. 1969. In Defense of Experimental Watersheds. Water Resources Research. 5(1): 306-316.

Hibbert, A.R. 1969. Water yield changes after converting a forested catchment to grass. Water Resources Research 5: 634-640.

Petersen, R.H. 1969. Notes On Cantharelloid Fungi - II: Some new taxa, and notes on Pseudocraterellus. Persoonia 5(3): 211-223.

Tramer, E.J. 1969. Bird Species Diversity: Components of Shannon's Formula. Ecology. 50(5): 927-929.

Cataneo, R., and G. Stout. 1968. Raindrop-size distributions in humid continental climates, and associated rainfall rate-radar reflectivity relationships. Journal of Applied Meteorology 7(5): 901-907.

Gentry, J.B., E.P. Odum, M. Mason, V. Nabholz, S. Marshall, and J.T. McGinnis. 1968. Effect of altitude and forest manipulation on relative abundance of small mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 49(3): 539-541.

Hogg, D.C. 1968. Millimeter-wave communication through the atmosphere. Science 159(3810): 39-46.

Stout, G.E., and E.A. Mueller. 1968. Survey of relationships between rainfall rate and radar reflectivity in the measurement of precipitation. Journal of Applied Meteorology 7(3): 465-474.

Swank, W.T., and N.H. Miner. 1968. Conversion of hardwood-covered watersheds to white pine reduces water yield. Water Resources Research 4: 947-954.

Douglass, J.E. 1967. Man, water, and the forest. Forest Farmer. 26(5): 6-20.

Helvey, J D. 1967. Interception by eastern white pine. Water Resources Research 3: 723-729.

Knipling, E B. 1967. Effect of leaf aging on water deficit-water potential relationships of dogwood leaves growing in two environments. Physiologia Plantarum 20: 65-72.

Knipling, E.B. 1967. Measurement of leaf water potential by the dye method. Ecology 48: 1038-1041.

Knipling, E.B., and P.J. Kramer. 1967. Comparison of the dye method with the thermocouple psychrometer for measuring leaf water potentials. Plant Physiology 42: 1315-1320.

Mueller, E.A., A.L. Sims, and R. Cataneo. 1967. Investigation of the quantitative determination of precipitation by radar: Interim Report 1. U.S. Army Electronics Command, Fort Monmouth, NJ.

Kramer, P.J., E.B. Knipling, and L.N. Miller. 1966. Terminology of Cell-Water Relations. Science. 153(3738): 1-2.

Boyer, J.S., and E.B. Knipling. 1965. Isopiestic technique for measuring leaf water potentials with a thermocouple psychrometer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 54(4): 1044-1051.

Helvey, J.D., and J.H. Patric. 1965. Canopy and litter interception of rainfall by hardwoods of eastern United States. Water Resources Research 1: 193-206.

Stroud, R.H. 1965. Sewage Treatment Plants. Sport Fishing Institute Bulletin. M65(160): 1-8.

Waggoner, P.E., and J.D. Hewlett. 1965. Test of a transpiration inhibitor on a forested watershed. Water Resources Research 1: 391-396.

Grzenda, A.R., H.P. Nicholson, J.I. Teasley, and J.H. Patric. 1964. DDT residues in mountain stream water as influenced by treatment practices. Journal of Economic Entomology 57: 615-618.

Hewlett, J.D. 1964. Letter to editor on article Groundwater: Definition by H. E. Thomas and L. B. Leopold. Science 144(3625): 1407-1408.

Hewlett, J.D. 1964. Water or forest - can we have all we need of both? Frontiers of Plant Science 17: 2-3.

Hewlett, J.D., J.E. Douglass, and J.L. Clutter. 1964. Instrumental and soil moisture variance using the neutron-scattering method. Soil Science 97: 19-24.

Sims, A.L., G.E. Mueller, G.E. Stout, and W.C. Ackerman. 1964. Investigation of quantitative determination of point and areal precipitation by radar echo measurements: Final Report. Illinois State Water Survey, Urbana, IL.

Hewlett, J.D., and A.R. Hibbert. 1963. Moisture and energy conditions within a sloping soil mass during drainage. Journal of Geophysical Research 68: 1081-1087.

Patric, J.H. 1963. Forest experiment demonstration area on trail. Appalachian Trailway News 24(2): 21.

Tebo, L. B., Jr., and W. W. Hassler. 1963. Food of Brook, Brown, and Rainbow trout from streams in western North Carolina. Journal of Elisha Mitchell Society. 79:44-53.

Helvey, J.D., and J.D. Hewlett. 1962. The annual range of soil moisture under high rainfall in the Southern Appalachians. Journal of Forestry 60: 485-486.

Hewlett, J.D., and A.R. Hibbert. 1961. Increases in water yield after several types of forest cutting. International Association Scientific Hydrology Bulletin 6(3): 5-17.

Hewlett, J.D., and J.E. Douglass. 1961. A method for calculating error of soil moisture volumes in gravimetric sampling. Forest Science 7: 265-272.

Tebo, L.B., and W.W. Hassler. 1961. Seasonal Abundance of Aquatic Insects in Western North Carolina Trout Streams. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. 77: 249-259.

Douglass, J.E. 1960. Soil Moisture Distribution Between Trees in A Thinned Loblolly Pine Plantation. Journal of Forestry, 58(3).

Hewlett, J.D., and L.J. Metz. 1960. Watershed management research in the Southeast. Journal of Forestry 58: 269-271.

Meginnis, H.G. 1960. Watershed management research--challenging career for young scientists. Ames Forester 47: 20-24.

Metz, L.J. 1960. The de la Howe old-growth forest in Piedmont shortleaf pine. Journal of Forestry. 58(10).

Black, P.E. 1959. Interception of rainfall by a hardwood canopy. University of Istanbul, Orman Fakultesi: Dergisi 9(2): 218-224.

Hewlett, J.D. 1958. Pine and hardwood forest yield. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 13: 106-109.

Metz, L.J. 1958. Moisture held in pine litter. Journal of Forestry. 56(1).

Kovner, J.L. 1957. Evapotranspiration in forest stands of the southern Appalachian Mountains. Bulletin of the Georgia Academy of Science 15(3): 80-85.

Whelan, D.E. 1957. Effects of land use on streamflow. Journal of the Alabama Academy Science 29(4): 55-60.

Clapp, C.E. 1956. Regulating streamflow from small watersheds. The Forest Farmer 16(2): 18-19.

Johnson, E.A., and J.L. Kovner. 1956. Effect on streamflow of cutting a forest understory. Forest Science 2: 82-91.

Kenney, N.T. 1956.Our green treasury, the national forests. National Geographic Magazine 110(3): 287-324.

Meginnis, H.G. 1956. Forestry and water resource. Forest Farmer. N56: 12-28.

Southeastern Forest Experiment Station. 1956. We learn about little waters at Coweeta. The Forest Farmer 16(2): 20-21.

Nelson, T.C. 1955. Chestnut replacement in the southern highlands. Ecology 36: 352-353.

Tebo, L.B. Jr. 1955. Effects of siltation, resulting from improper logging, on the bottom fauna of a small trout stream in the southern Appalachians. Progressive Fish-Culturist 17: 64-70.

Johnson, E.A., and J.L. Kovner. 1954. Increasing water yield by cutting forest vegetation. Georgia Mineral Newsletter 7(4): 145-148.

Kovner, J.L., and T.C. Evans. 1954. A method for determining the minimum duration of watershed experiments. Transactions, American Geophysical Union 35: 608-612.

Nelson, T.C., and E.A. Johnson. 1954. Applying unit area control to watershed management. Journal of Forestry 52: 130.

Harper, V.L. 1953. Watershed Management: Forest and Range Aspects in the United States. Unasylva. 7(3): 105-114.

Hursh, C.R., and H.C. Pereira. 1953. Field moisture balance in the Shimba Hills, Kenya. East Africa Agricultural Journal 18(4): 1-7.

Progressive Farmer. 1953. Woods grazing may be bad. Progressive Farmer: Georgia-Alabama-Florida January Edition.

Hoover, M.D. 1952. Water and timber management. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 7: 75-78.

Hursh, C.R. 1952. Now is the time. Farmers Federation News 32(7): 12.

Hursh, C.R. 1952. Water from the family spring. Living Wilderness 16(39): 11-12.

Johnson, E.A.. 1952. Effect of farm woodland grazing on watershed values in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Journal of Forestry 50: 109-113.

Merrick, E.T., and E.A. Johnson. 1952. Mountain water. American Forests 58(10): 30-32, 38.

Croft, A.R., and M.D. Hoover. 1951. The relation of forests to our water supply. Journal of Forestry 49: 245-249.

Farmers Federation News. 1951.The Coweeta story. Farmers Federation News 31(12): 9, 44-45, 48.

Hursh, C.R. 1951. Research in forest-streamflow relations. UNASYLVA 5: 2-9.

Hursh, C.R. 1951. Watershed Aspects of the New York Water Supply Problems. Journal of Forestry. 49(9): 442-444.

Lieberman, J.A., and M.D. Hoover. 1951. Stream-flow frequency changes on Coweeta experimental watersheds. Transactions, American Geophysical Union 32: 73-76.

Greene, G.E. 1950. Land use and trout streams. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 5: 125-126.

Hursh, C.R. 1949. Climatic factors controlling roadside design and development. National Research Council Magazine.

Hursh, C.R., and G.W. Craddock. 1949. Review on book Hydrology by C. O. Wisler and E. F. Brater. Journal of Forestry 47: 844- 845.

Johnson, E.A. 1949. Watershed studies producing valuable information. Outdoor News Bulletin 3(11): 4.

Lieberman, J.A., and M.D. Hoover. 1948. Protecting quality of stream flow by better logging. Southern Lumberman 177(2225): 236-240.

Lieberman, J.A., and M.D. Hoover. 1948. The effect of uncontrolled logging on stream turbidity. Water and Sewage Works 95(7): 255-258.

Munns, E.N. 1948. Our forests and watersheds. Scientific Monthly 67(5): 347-354.

Dunford, E.G., and P.W. Fletcher. 1947. Effect of removal of stream-bank vegetation upon water yield. Transactions, American Geophysical Union 28: 105-110.

Hursh, C.R. 1947. Water resource management. North Carolina Engineer 3(2): 9-12, 40.

Hursh, C.R. 1947. Watershed experiments conducted in giant outdoor laboratory. Timber Topics 10(4): 2-4, 9.

Lieberman, J.A., and P.W. Fletcher. 1947. Further studies of the balanced water cycle on experimental watersheds. Transactions, American Geophysical Union 28: 421-424.

Lieberman, J.A.. 1947. Water resource and watershed management research in the Southeast. American Waterworks Association Journal 39(5): 443-454.

Munns, E.N. 1947. Forest hydrology in the Appalachians. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 2: 71-76.

Hursh, C.R. 1946. The Eastern Forester and His Watersheds. Journal of Forestry. 44(12): 1037-1040.

Hursh, C.R. 1946. Where little waters write big stories. American Forests 52: 574-577, 603.

Biswell, H.H., and M.D. Hoover. 1945. Appalachian hardwood trees browsed by cattle. Journal of Forestry 43: 675-676.

Hoover, M.D. 1945. Careless skidding reduces benefits of forest cover for watershed protection. Journal of Forestry 43: 765-766.

Hursh, C.R. 1945. Plants, shrubs, trees in slope stabilization. Contractors and Engineers Monthly 42(6): 26-27.

Hursh, C.R. 1942. Naturalized roadbanks. Better Roads 12(6, 7): 13-15, 24-25, 17-20.

Hursh, C.R. 1942. The naturalization of roadbanks. Roads and Bridges (Can.) 80(7): 22-26, 131-134.

Hurtzler, R.A. 1939. Engineering Aspects of the Influence of Forests on Mountain Streams. Civil Engineering. A39: 487-489.

Hertzler, R.A. 1938. Determination of a formula for the 120` V-notch weir. Civil Engineering 8: 756-757.

Hursh, C.R., and C.A. Connaughton. 1938. Effects of forests upon local climate. Journal of Forestry 36: 864-866.

Hursh, C.R. 1931. Abandoned mountain farms an erosion menace but a forestry opportunity. Farmers Federation News 11(12): 3-5.

Hursh, C.R., and F.W. Haasis. 1931. Effects of 1925 summer drought on Southern Appalachian hardwoods. Ecology 12: 380-386.

Hursh, C.R. 1928. Litter keeps forest soil productive. Southern Lumberman 133(1734): 219-221.