Chelcy Ford Miniat, USDA FS Project Leader, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory
My primary areas of emphasis are: (1) quantifying rates of and driving mechanisms influencing water and carbon fluxes in trees across a range of environmental conditions; and (2) scaling these measurements spatially and temporally, often in a predictive manner, to make inferences on forest ecosystem processes (e.g., forest hydrologic and carbon cycles) under changing management or climatic conditions.
CWT Science Advisory Committee
Primary Organization: USDA Forest Service
Chelcy Ford Miniat
3160 Coweeta Lab Road
Otto, NC 28763
Office Phone: 828.524.2128 x 118
FAX Number: 828.369.6768
Web Page: http://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/staff/147
CWT Data Sets:
1011 (Monthly data from Climate Station 1 (CS01), Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, Otto, NC, 1934-2017)
3033 (Watershed 18 daily stream discharge, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, Otto, NC, 1936-2017)
3034 (Watershed 27 daily stream discharge, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, Otto, NC, 1946-2017)
CWT Publications and Presentations: (custom bibliography)
Amos, H.M., C.F. Miniat, J. Lynch, J. Compton, P.H. Templer, L.A. Sprague, D. Shaw, D. Burns, A. Rea, D. Whitfall, L. Myles, D. Gay, M. Nilles, J. Walker, A.K. Rose, J. Bales, J. Deacon, and R. Pouyat. 2018. What Goes Up Must Come Down: Integrating Air and Water Quality Monitoring for Nutrients. Environmental Science & Technology 52(20): pp 11441-11448.
Cofer, T. M., K. J. Elliott, J. K. Bush, and C. F. Miniat. 2018. Rhododendron maximum impacts seed bank composition and richness following Tsuga canadensis loss in riparian forests. Ecosphere 9(4):e02204. 10.1002/ecs2.2204
Elliott, K.J. & Miniat, Chelcy. (2018). Herbaceous-layer diversity and tree seedling recruitment are enhanced following Rhododendron maximum shrub removal. Forest Ecology and Management. 430. 403-412. 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.08.016.
Knoepp, Jennifer D.; See, Craig R.; Vose, James M.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; and Clark, James S. 2018. Total C and N Pools and Fluxes Vary with Time, Soil Temperature, and Moisture Along an Elevation, Precipitation, and Vegetation Gradient in Southern Appalachian Forests. Ecosystems. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-018-0244-2
Oishi, A.C. & Miniat, C.F. & Novick, K.A. & Brantley, Steven & Vose, James & Walker, John. 2018. Warmer temperatures reduce net carbon uptake, but do not affect water use, in a mature southern Appalachian forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 252. 269-282. 10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.01.011.
Osburn, E.D., Elliottt, K.J., Knoepp, J.D., Miniat, C.F. and Barrett, J.E., 2018. Soil microbial response to Rhododendron understory removal in southern Appalachian forests: Effects on extracellular enzymes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 127, pp.50-59. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.09.008
Singh, N. K., Emanuel, R. E., Nippgen, F., McGlynn, B. L., & Miniat, C. F. (2018). The relative influence of storm and landscape characteristics on shallow groundwater responses in forested headwater catchments. Water Resources Research, 54. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018WR022681
Brantley, Steven T., Mayfield, Albert (Bud), Jetton, Robert M., Miniat, Chelcy F., Zietlow, David R.;, Brown, Cindi L., Rhea, Rusty (2017), Elevated light levels reduce hemlock woolly adelgid infestation and improve carbon balance of infested eastern hemlock seedlings, Forest Ecology and Management, 386:150-160, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.11.028
Burt, Tim & Miniat, Chelcy & H. Laseter, S & T. Swank, W. (2017). Changing patterns of daily precipitation totals at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, North Carolina, USA: COWEETA DAILY RAINFALL. International Journal of Climatology. . 10.1002/joc.5163.
Elliott, Katherine J.; Caldwell, Peter V.; Brantley, Steven T.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Vose, James M.; Swank, Wayne T. 2017. Water yield following forest-grass-forest transitions. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 21(2): 17 pages.: 981-997. DOI:10.5194/hess-21-981-2017
Minucci, J. M., Miniat, C. F., Teskey, R. O. and Wurzburger, N. (2017), Tolerance or avoidance: drought frequency determines the response of an N2-fixing tree. New Phytol, 215: 434–442. doi:10.1111/nph.14558
Berdanier, Aaron B., Chelcy F. Miniat, and James S. Clark, (2016) Predictive models for radial sap flux variation in coniferous, diffuse-porous and ring-porous temperate trees Tree Physiol. 36 (8): 932-941 doi:10.1093/treephys/tpw027
Brantley, Steven T., Morgan L. Schulte, Paul V. Bolstad, and Chelcy F. Miniat. 2016. Equations for Estimating Biomass, Foliage Area, and Sapwood of Small Trees in the Southern Appalachians. Forest Science. 62(4)414-421. http://dx.doi.org/10.5849/forsci.15-041.
Caldwell, P. V., Miniat, C. F., Elliott, K. J., Swank, W. T., Brantley, S. T. and Laseter, S. H. (2016), Declining water yield from forested mountain watersheds in response to climate change and forest mesophication. Glob Change Biol, 22: 2997–3012. doi:10.1111/gcb.13309
Novick, K.A., Miniat, C.F. and Vose, J.M. (2016). Drought limitations to leaf-level gas exchange: results from a model linking stomatal optimization and cohesion tension theory. Plant Cell and Environment. 39:583-596. DOI: 10.1111/pce.12657
Elliott, K. J., Miniat, C. F., Pederson, N. and Laseter, S. H. (2015), Forest tree growth response to hydroclimate variability in the southern Appalachians. Glob Change Biol, 21: 4627-4641. doi:10.1111/gcb.13045
Hwang, T., Band, L.E., Hales, T.C., Miniat, C.F., Vose, J.M., Bolstad, P.V., Miles, B. and Price, K. 2015. Simulating vegetation controls on hurricane-induced shallow landslides with a distributed ecohydrological model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biosciences. 120(2):361-378. (DOI: 10.1002/2014JG002824)
Knoepp, Jennifer D.; Taylor, R. Scott; Boring, Lindsay R.; Miniat, Chelcy F., 2015, Influence of Forest Disturbance on Stable Nitrogen Isotope Ratios in Soil and Vegetation Profiles, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 79:1470-1481, doi:10.2136/sssaj2015.03.0101
Brantley, S. T., Miniat, C. F., Elliott, K. J., Laseter, S. H. and Vose, J. M. (2014), Changes to southern Appalachian water yield and stormflow after loss of a foundation species. Ecohydrology. Doi: 10.1002/eco.1521
Creed, I.F., Spargo, A.T., Jones, J.A., Buttle, J.M., Adams, M.B., Beall, F.D., Booth, E., Campbell, J., Clow, D., Elder, K., Green, M.B., Grimm, N.B., Miniat, C., Ramlal, P., Saha, A., Sebestyen, S., Spittlehouse, D., Sterling, S., Williams, M.W., Winkler, R., and Yao, H. 2014. Changing forest water yields in response to climate warming: Results from long-term experimental watershed sites across North America. Global Change Biology. 20(10): 3191-3208. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12615
Hwang, T., Band, L.E., Miniat, C.F., Song, C., Bolstad, P.V., Vose, J.M. and Love, J.P. 2014. Divergent phenological response to hydroclimate variability in forested mountain watersheds. Global Change Biology. 20:2580-2595. (DOI:10.1111/gcb.12556)
Mitchell, R.J., Y. Liu, J.J. O'Brien, K.J. Elliott, G. Starr, C. Ford Miniat, and J.K. Hiers (2014). Future climate and fire interactions in the southeastern region of the United States. Forest Ecology and Management. 327 316-326
Novick, K.A., Brantley, S.T., Miniat, C.F., Walker, J. and Vose, J.M. 2014. Inferring the contribution of advection to total ecosystem scalar fluxes over a tall forest in complex terrain. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 185:1-13. (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2013.10.010)
Rocca, Monique E., Chelcy Ford Miniat and Robert J. Mitchell (2014). Introduction to the regional assessments: Climate change, wildfire, and forest ecosystem services in the USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 327 265-268
Vose, J.M., Miniat, C.F., Sun, G. and Caldwell, P.V. 2014. Potential implications for expansion of freeze-tolerant Eucalyptus plantations on water resources in the southern United States. Forest Science. (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5849/forsci.14-087)
Brantley, S.T., Miniat, C.F. and Vose, J.M. 2013. Future species composition will affect forest water use after loss of eastern hemlock from southern Appalachian forests. Ecological Applications. 23(4):777-790. (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/12-0616.1)
Band, L.E., Hwang, T., Hales, T., Vose, J.M. and Miniat, C.F. 2012. Ecosystem processes at the watershed scale: Mapping and modeling ecohydrological controls of landslides. Geomorphology. 137(1):159-167.
Ford, C.R., Elliott, K.J., Clinton, B.D., Kloeppel, B.D., Vose, J.M., 2012. Forest dynamics following eastern hemlock mortality in the southern Appalachians. Oikos 121:4, April 2012, p. 523-536, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.19622.x, Nordic Society Oikos
Jones, J.A., Creed, I.F., Hatcher, K.L., Warren, R.J., Adams, M.B., Benson, M.H. Boose, E., Brown, W.A. Campbell, J.L., Covich, A., Clow, D.W., Dahm , C.N., Elder, K., Ford, C.R., Grimm , N.B., Henshaw, D.L., Larson, K.L., Miles, E.S., Miles, K.M., Sebestyen, S.D., Spargo, A.T., Stone, A.B., Vose, J.M., Williams, M.W., 2012. Ecosystem Processes and Human Influences Regulate Streamflow Response to Climate Change at LTER Sites. BioScience. Vol. 62:4, April 2012
Laseter, Stephanie H., Chelcy R. Ford, James M. Vose and Lloyd W. Swift Jr. 2012. Long-term temperature and precipitation trends at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, Otto, North Carolina, USA. Hydrology Research 43(6):890-901.
Clinton B, Maier C, Ford C, Mitchell R. 2011. Transient changes in transpiration, and stem and soil CO2 efflux in longleaf pine (Pinus palustris Mill.) following fire-induced leaf area reduction. Trees - Structure and Function1-11. doi:10.1007/s00468-011-0574-6
Ford, C.R., Hubbard, R. M., and Vose, J.M. 2011. Quantifying structural and physiological controls on canopy transpiration of planted pine and hardwood stands in the southern Appalachians. Ecohydrology 4(2):183-195.
Ford, Chelcy R., Stephanie H. Laseter, Wayne T. Swank, and James M. Vose. 2011. Can forest management be used to sustain water-based ecosystem services in the face of climate change? Ecological Applications 21:2049-2067.
Rao, L.Y., Sun, G., Ford, C.R., and Vose, J.M, 2011. Modeling potential evapotranspiration of two forested watersheds in the southern Appalachians. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 54(6): 2067-2078.
Sun, G., Alstad, K., Chen, J., Chen, S., Ford, C.R., Lin, G., Lu, N., McNulty, S.G., Noormets, A., Vose, J.M., Wilske, B., Zeppel, M., Zhang, Y., and Zhang, Z., 2011. Modeling monthly evapotranspiration of thirteen ecosystems across a climatic and management gradient. Ecohydrology 4(2):245-255.
Sun, G., K. Alstad, J. Chen, S. Chen, C. R. Ford, G. Lin, C. Liu, N. Lu, S. G. McNulty, H. Miao, A. Noormets, J. M. Vose, B. Wilske, M. Zeppel, Y. Zhang, Z. Zhang. 2011. A general predictive model for estimating monthly ecosystem evapotranspiration. Ecolohydrology, 4: 245-255.
Vose, J. M., G. Sun, C. R. Ford, M. Bredemeier, K. Ostsuki, A. Wei, Z. Zhang, and L. Zhang. 2011. Forest ecohydrologial research in the 21st century: what are the critical needs?. Published online. Ecohydrology, DOI: 10.1002/eco.193.
Ford, C. R., E. S. Minor, G. A. Fox. 2010. Long-term effects of fire and fire-return interval on population structure and growth of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris). Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 40:1410-1420.
Nuckolls, April E.; Wurzburger, Nina; Ford, Chelcy R.; Hendrick, Ronald L.; Vose, James M.; Kloeppel, Brian D. 2009. Hemlock declines rapidly with hemlock woolly adelgid infestation: impacts on the carbon cycle of southern Appalachian forests. Ecosystems 12(2): 179-190.
Ford, C.R., R.J. Mitchell, and R.O. Teskey. 2008. Water table depth affects productivity, water use, and the reponse to nitrogen addition in a savanna system. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 38: 2118-2127.
Ford, C.R., N. Wurzburger, R.L. Hendrick, and R.O. Teskey. 2007. Soil DIC uptake and fixation in Pinus taeda seedlings and its C contribution to plant tissue and ectomycorrhizal fungi. Tree Physiology. 27: 375-383.
Ford, C.R., R.M. Hubbard, B.D. Kloeppel, and J.M. Vose. 2007. A comparison of sap flux-based evapotranspiration estimates with catchment-scale water balance. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 145: 176-185.
Ellison, A.M., M.S. Bank, B.D. Clinton, E.A. Colburn, K. Elliott, C.R. Ford, D.R. Foster, B.D. Kloeppel, J.D. Knoepp, G.M. Lovett, J. Mohan, D.A. Orwig, N.L. Rodenhouse, W.V. Sobczak, K.A. Stinson, J.K. Stone, C.M. Swan, J. Thompson, and B. Von. 2005. Loss of foundation species: consequences for the structure and dynamics of forested ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3(9): 479-486.
Books and Book Sections
Richard M. Wooten, Anne C. Witt, Chelcy F. Miniat, Tristram C. Hales, and Jennifer L. Aldred. Frequency and Magnitude of Selected Historical Landslide Events in the Southern Appalachian Highlands of North Carolina and Virginia: Relationships to Rainfall, Geological and Ecohydrological Controls, and Effects. Pages 203-262 in: Greenberg, C. and Collins, B. (editors). Natural Disturbances and Range of Variation. Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016.
Vose, J. M., and C. R. Ford. 2011. Early successional forest habitat and water resources. in C. H. Greenberg, B. Collins, and F. Thompson III editors, Sustaining Young Forest Communities. Springer Series: Managing Forest Ecosystems, Volume 21, Chapter 14, Pages 253-269. Springer, New York.
Ford, C.R., and J.M. Vose. 2006. Eastern hemlock transpiration: patterns, controls, and implications for its decline in southern Appalachian forests, pp. 181-187. In Fowler, D.L. (ed.), Second interagency conference on research in the wetlands. USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, Otto, NC.
Conference Proceedings (Published Papers and Abstracts)
Vose, J.M., Ford, C.R., Knoepp, J.D., Elliott, K.J., 2010. "Impacts of eastern hemlock mortality on ecosystem function: A guide to restoration strategies in the southern Appalachians." The 95th ESA Annual Meeting, August 1-6, 2010
Knoepp, J.D., J.M. Vose, K.J. Elliott, B.D. Clinton, C.R. Ford, and B.D. Kloeppel. 2005. Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Research at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory. In Proceedings, Save our hemlocks third symposium on hemlock woolly adelgid in the eastern United States.
Conference Posters and Presentations
Benson, M., Oishi, A.C., Miniat, C., Missik, J. and Novick, K.A. 2018. Anisohydric species have more vulnerable xylem than isohydric species in Eastern US forests. AGU Fall Meeting, Washington DC, USA.
Dudley, M.P, S.Wenger, R. Jackson, K.J. Elliott, C.F. Miniat, and C.M. Pringle. 2018. Stream basal resources exhibit short-term resilience following reach-scale removal of a dominant riparian shrub. Society for Freshwater Science Annual Meeting, May 20-24, Detroit, MI.
Dudley, M.P., Wenger, S., Elliott, K.J., Miniat, C.F., Pringle, C.M. 2018. Can top-down control of algal and detrital resources by crayfish mediate the effect of removing a dense riparian shrub, Rhododendron maximum, in headwater streams? ESA Annual Meeting, August 5-10, 2018. New Orleans, LA.
Elliott, K.J., Caldwell, P.V., Knoepp, J.D., Zietlow, D.R., Vose, J.M.,Bolstad, P., Miniat, C.F. 2018. Effects of large wildfires on water quality and water quantity in mesophytic forests of the Eastern US. ESA Annual Meeting, August 5-10, 2018. New Orleans, LA.
Hwang, T., Band, L.E., Miniat, C.F., Kneopp, J.D. Vose, J.M, Song, C., Bolstad, P.V. 2018. Warming temperature homogenizes landscape vegetation patterns at the catchment scale. Association of American Geographers, New Orleans, LA, USA.
Hwang, T., Band, L.E., Miniat, C.F., Knoepp, J.D. Vose, J.M, Song, C., Bolstad, P.V. 2018. Warming temperature homogenizes landscape vegetation patterns at the catchment scale. 6th interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds, Shepherdtown, WV, USA.
Jackson, C.R., P. Caldwell, K. Elliott, T. Hwang, J. Knoepp, C. Miniat, C. Oishi, J. Webster, and N. Wurzburger. 2018. Coweeta (CWT) and forest mesophication of the temperate montane deciduous forest of the Southern Appalachians: A response to species loss, BNF, climate change, and/or fire exclusion? NSF LTER All Scientists Meeting, September 30-October 4, Asilomar, CA.
Lapham, M., Hwang, T., Miniat, C.F., Denham, S.O. 2018. Comparing water use of Paulownia tomentosa to co-occurring native species in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. AGU Fall Meeting, Washington DC, USA.
Osburn, E.D., Knoepp, J.D., Elliott, K.J., Miniat, C.F., Barrett, J.E. 2018. Soil microbial response to Rhododendron maximum removal in Appalachian forests. ESA Annual Meeting, August 5-10, 2018. New Orleans, LA.
Hawthorne, S.N., C.F. Miniat, K.J. Elliott. 2017. Effects of rhododendron removal on the water use of hardwood species following eastern hemlock mortality. Biogeosciences B025, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, 11-15 December 2017, New Orleans, LA.
Jackson, C.R., J.R. Webster, J.D. Knoepp, K.J. Elliott, R.E. Emanuel, C.F. Miniat. 2017. Long-term stream discharge and chemistry observations reveal unexpected dynamics: Coweeta Watershed 7 clearcut manipulation. Hydrology H026, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, 11-15 December 2017, New Orleans, LA.
Miniat, C.F., K.J. Elliott, J.D. Knoepp, P.V. Caldwell, A.C. Oishi, S.N.D. Hawthorne, and S.T. Brantley. How reforestation may impact water quantity and quality. Invited oral presentation at the USDA Forest Service Reforestation Matters Workshop: Understanding the costs of inadequate reforestation. April 12-13, 2017. Portland, Oregon.
Stewart AN, Knoepp JD, Miniat C, Oishi AC, Emanuel RE (2017) “Determination of Tree and Understory Water Sources and Residence Times Using Stable Isotopes in a Southern Appalachian Forest” Eos Transactions AGU, 98 (53), Fall Meeting Supplement, Abstract H23E-1728 (Poster)
Wurzburger, N., K.J. Elliott, and C.F. Miniat. Nitrogen fixation facilitates forest recovery after repeated disturbance. Ecological Society of America (ESA) Annual Meeting, Portland, OR, August 10, 2017.
Stringer, Christina E.; Krauss, Ken W.; Latimer, James S., eds. 2016. LONG TERM RECORDS PROVIDE INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIVE INFLUENCE OF CLIMATE, Headwaters to estuaries: advances in watershed science and management—Proceedings of the Fifth Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds. March 2-5, 2015, North Charleston, South Carolina. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-211. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 302 p.
Stringer, Christina E.; Krauss, Ken W.; Latimer, James S., eds. 2016. RESTORATION OF SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN RIPARIAN FORESTS AFFECTED BY EASTERN HEMLOCK MORTALITY, Headwaters to estuaries: advances in watershed science and management—Proceedings of the Fifth Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds. March 2-5, 2015, North Charleston, South Carolina. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-211. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 302 p.
Stringer, Christina E.; Krauss, Ken W.; Latimer, James S., eds. 2016. SOIL AND STREAM CHEMISTRY RELATIONSHIPS IN HIGH ELEVATION WATERS, Headwaters to estuaries: advances in watershed science and management—Proceedings of the Fifth Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds. March 2-5, 2015, North Charleston, South Carolina. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-211. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 302 p.
Laird, S.G., Ford, C.R., Laseter, S.H., Vose, J.M., 2011, Long-term forest management and climate effects on streamflow. In Proceedings of the Fourth Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds: Observing, Studying, and Managing for Change, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5169, edited by Medley, C.N., Patterson, Glenn, and Parker, M.J., 202 p
Laird, S.G., Ford, C.R., Laseter, S.H., Vose, J.M.,2011. Long-term Forest Management and Climate Effects on Streamflow. Observing, Studying, and Managing for Change: Proceedings of The Fourth Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds, September 2011, Fairbanks, AK, C.N. Medley, Patterson, G., Parker M.J., eds., U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5169, p. 108-113
Ford, C.R. and Vose, J.M., 2010. "Potential changes in transpiration with shifts in species composition following the loss of eastern hemlock in southern Appalachian riparian forests." The 95th ESA Annual Meeting, August 1-6, 2010
Hales, T. C.; Ford, C. R.; Hwang, T.; Vose, J.; Band, L. E.. 2009. Canopy Composition and Topographic Controls on Root Cohesion in Landslide-Prone Terrain, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2009, abstract #EP43E-0684
Newsletter and Newspaper Articles
Lockaby, G., Nagy, C., Vose, J.M., Ford, C.R., Sun, G., McNulty, S., Caldwell, P., Cohen, E., and Meyers, J.M. Forests and Water. Southern Forest Futures (online documenthttp://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/futures/reports/draft/Frame.htm)
Ford, C. R., B. C. Reynolds, J. M. Vose. 2010. Xylem Transport Models Optimize Effectiveness of Systemic Insecticide Applications for Controlling Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae). General Technical Report SRS-120. USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station. Asheville, NC.