Katherine Elliott, Forest Processes

Katherine Elliott

Contact Information:

Primary Organization:  USDA Forest Service

Office Phone:  828.524.2128 x109

FAX Number:  828.369.6768

E-Mail:  kelliott@fs.fed.us

Web Page:  http://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/staff/scientists/191


CWT Data Sets:

1155 (Tree, shrub, and herb data from 10 hillslope sites, Little Tennnessee River watershed, Macon County, North Carolina)

1102 (Tree growth (1999-2012) for the Functional Diversity project, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, Otto, North Carolina)

1112 (Seasonal leaf litter mass (2000-2010) for the Functional Diversity project, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, Otto, North Carolina)

1130 (Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) Tree Growth Study)

CWT Publications and Presentations: (custom bibliography)

Journal Articles

Elliott, Katherine J.; Caldwell, Peter V.; Brantley, Steven T.; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Vose, James M.; Swank, Wayne T. 2017. Water yield following forest-grass-forest transitions. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 21(2): 17 pages.: 981-997. DOI:10.5194/hess-21-981-2017

Caldwell, P. V., Miniat, C. F., Elliott, K. J., Swank, W. T., Brantley, S. T. and Laseter, S. H. (2016), Declining water yield from forested mountain watersheds in response to climate change and forest mesophication. Glob Change Biol, 22: 2997–3012. doi:10.1111/gcb.13309

Katherine J. Elliott, James M. Vose, (2016) Effects of riparian zone buffer widths on vegetation diversity in southern Appalachian headwater catchments, Forest Ecology and Management, Volume 376, Pages 9-23, ISSN 0378-1127, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.05.046.

Knoepp, Jennifer D.; Vose, James M.; Jackson, William A.; Elliott, Katherine J.; Zarnoch, Stan (2016) High elevation watersheds in the southern Appalachians: indicators of sensitivity to acidic deposition and the potential for restoration through liming. Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 377: 17 pages.: 101-117. 10.1016/j.foreco.2016.06.040

Vose, J.M., and K.J. Elliott. (2016). Oak, fre, and global change in the eastern USA: what might the future hold? Fire Ecology 12(2): 160–179. doi: 10.4996/freecology.1202160

Elliott, K. J., Miniat, C. F., Pederson, N. and Laseter, S. H. (2015), Forest tree growth response to hydroclimate variability in the southern Appalachians. Glob Change Biol, 21: 4627-4641. doi:10.1111/gcb.13045

Elliott, K.J., Vose, J.M., Knoepp, J.D., Clinton, B.D. and Kloeppel, B.D. 2015. Functional role of the herbaceous layer in eastern deciduous forest ecosystems. Ecosystems. 18:221-236. (DOI: 10.1007/s10021-014-9825-x)

Warren, R. J., II, S. M. Pearson, S. Henry, K. Rossouw, J. P. Love, M. J. Olejniczak, K. J. Elliott, and M. A. Bradford. 2015. Cryptic indirect effects of exurban edges on a woodland community. Ecosphere 6(11):218. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES15-00318.1

Brantley, S. T., Miniat, C. F., Elliott, K. J., Laseter, S. H. and Vose, J. M. (2014), Changes to southern Appalachian water yield and stormflow after loss of a foundation species. Ecohydrology. Doi: 10.1002/eco.1521

Butler, S.M., A.S. White, K.J. Elliott, and R.S. Seymour. 2014. Disturbance history and stand dynamics in secondary and old growth forests of the Southern Appalachian Mountains, USA. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 141(4):189-204

Elliott, K.J., J.M. Vose, and D. Rankin (2014). Herbaceous-layer species composition and richness of mesophytic cove forests in the southern Appalachians: Synthesis and Knowledge Gaps. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 141 (1), 39-71

Mitchell, R.J., Y. Liu, J.J. O'Brien, K.J. Elliott, G. Starr, C. Ford Miniat, and J.K. Hiers (2014). Future climate and fire interactions in the southeastern region of the United States. Forest Ecology and Management. 327 316-326

Elliott, Katherine J., Jennifer D. Knoepp, James M. Vose, and William A. Jackson. Interacting effects of wildfire severity and liming on nutrient cycling in a southern Appalachian wilderness area. 2013. Plant and Soil 366:165-183.

McDonnell, T., Sullivan, T., Cosby, B., Jackson, W. and Elliott, K. (2013) Effects of climate, land management, and sulfur deposition on soil base cation supply in National Forests of the southern Appalachian mountains. Water Air Soil Pollution. 224(1733).

Block, C., Knoepp, J.D., Elliott, K. and Fraterrigo, J.M. 2012. Impacts of Hemlock Loss on Nitrogen Retention Vary with Soil Nitrogen Availability in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. Ecosystems. 15(7):1108-1120. (DOI: 10.1007/s10021-012-9572-9)

Elliott, K.J., J.M. Vose, J.D. Knoepp, B.D. Clinton. 2012. Restoring shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata)-hardwood ecosystems severely impacted by the southern pine beetle (Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmerman). Forest Ecology and Management 274:181-200.

Elliott, K.J., J.M. Vose. 2012. Age and distribution of an evergreen clonal shrub in the Coweeta Basin: Rhododendron maximum L. Journal of Torrey Botanical Society 139(2):149-166.

Ford, C.R., Elliott, K.J., Clinton, B.D., Kloeppel, B.D., Vose, J.M., 2012. Forest dynamics following eastern hemlock mortality in the southern Appalachians. Oikos 121:4, April 2012, p. 523-536, doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2011.19622.x, Nordic Society Oikos

Tran, T. and Elliott, K. 2012. Estimating Rhododendron maximum L. (Ericaceae) CanopyCover Using GPS/GIS Technology. Castanea. 77(4):303-317. (DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2179/12-014)

Webster, J.R., K. Morkenski, C.A. Wojculewski, B.R. Niederlehner, E.F. Benefield and K.J. Elliott (2012). Effects of Hemlock Mortality on Streams in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. The Midland American Naturalist: An International Journal of Ecology, Evolution and Environment. 168:112-131.

Clinton, B. D., J. M. Vose, J. D. Knoepp, K. J. Elliott, B. C. Reynolds, and S. J. Zarnoch. 2010. Can structural and functional characteristics be used to identify riparian zone width in southern Appalachian headwater catchments?. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 40: 235-353.

Clinton, B.D, J.M. Vose, J.D. Knoepp, K.J. Elliott, and B. Reynolds. 2010. Riparian area structure and function in the southern Appalachian headwater streams. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40(2): 235-253.

Elliott, K. J., J. M. Vose. 2010. The contribution of the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory to developing an understanding of long-term (1934-2008) changes in managed and unmanaged forests. Forest Ecology and Management.

Elliott, K. J., Vose, J. M. 2010. Short-term effects of prescribed fire on mixed oak forests in the southern Appalachians: vegetation response. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 137(1): 49-66.

Narayanaraj, G., P. V. Bolstad, K. J. Elliott, J. M. Vose. 2010. Terrain and Landform Influence on Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carrie`re (Eastern Hemlock) Distribution in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. Castenea. 75(1):1-18.

Elliott, K. J., J. M. Vose, and R. L. Hendrick. 2009. Long-term effects of high intensity prescribed fire on vegetation dynamics in the wine spring creek watershed, Western North Carolina, USA. Fire Ecology, 5(2): 66-85.

Knoepp, J.D., Elliott, K.J., Clinton, B.D., Vose, J.M. 2009. Effects of prescribed fire in mixed oak forests of the southern Appalachians: forest floor, soil, and soil solution nitrogen responses. Journal oj the Torrey Botanical Society, 136(3): 380-391

Elliott, K.J., and W.T. Swank. 2008. Long-term changes in forest composition and diversity following early logging (1919-1923) and the decline of American chestnut (Castanea dentate). Plant Ecology. 197: 155-172.

Elliott, K.J., J.M. Vose, J.D. Knoepp,D.W. Johnson, W.t. Swank,and W. Jackson. 2008. Simulated effects of sulfur deposition on nutrient cycling in class I wilderness areas. Journal of Environmental Quality. 37: 1419-1431.

Love, J.P., J.M. Vose, and K.J. Elliott. 2007. Effects of restoration burns on macroinvertebrates in southern Appalachian pine-oak forests. Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science. 123(1): 22-34.

Elliott, K.J., and J.D. Knoepp. 2005. The effects of three regeneration harvest methods on plant diversity and soil characteristics in the southern Appalachians. Forest Ecology and Management. 211: 296-317.

Elliott, K.J., and J.M. Vose. 2005. Effects of understory prescribed burning on shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata Mill.)/mixed-hardwood forests. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 132(2): 236-251.

Elliott, K.J., and J.M. Vose. 2005. Initial effects of prescribed fire on quality of soil solution and streamwater in the southern Appalachian mountains. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 29(1): 5-15.

Ellison, A.M., M.S. Bank, B.D. Clinton, E.A. Colburn, K. Elliott, C.R. Ford, D.R. Foster, B.D. Kloeppel, J.D. Knoepp, G.M. Lovett, J. Mohan, D.A. Orwig, N.L. Rodenhouse, W.V. Sobczak, K.A. Stinson, J.K. Stone, C.M. Swan, J. Thompson, and B. Von. 2005. Loss of foundation species: consequences for the structure and dynamics of forested ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3(9): 479-486.

Hubbard, R.M., J.M. Vose, B.D. Clinton, K.J. Elliott, and J.D. Knoepp. 2004. Stand restoration burning in oak-pine forests in the southern Appalachians: effects on aboveground biomass and carbon and nitrogen cycling. Forest Ecology and Management. 190: 31

Elliott, K.J., J.M. Vose, and B.D. Clinton. 2002. Growth of Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus L.) Related to Forest Floor Consumption by Prescribed Fire in the Southern Appalachians. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 26(1): 18-25.

Elliott, K.J., L.R. Boring, and W.T. Swank. 2002. Aboveground biomass and nutrient accumulation 20 years after clear-cutting a southern Appalachian watershed. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 32: 667-683.

Elliott, K.J., S.L. Hitchcock, and L. Krueger. 2002. Vegetation response to large scale disturbance in a southern Appalachian forest: Hurricane Opal and salvage logging. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 129(1): 48-59.

Swank, W.T., J.M. Vose, and K.J. Elliott. 2001. Long-term hydrologic and water quality responses following commercial clearcutting of mixed hardwoods on a southern Appalachian catchment. Forest Ecology and Management. 143: 163-178.

Elliott, K..J., J.M. Vose, W.T. Swank, and P.V. Bolstad.1999. Long-term patterns in vegetation-site relationships in a southern Appalachian Forest. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 126(4): 320-334.

Elliott, K.J., R.L. Hendrick, A.E. Major, J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1999. Vegetation dynamics after a prescribed fire in the southern Appalachians. Forest Ecology and Management. 114: 199-213.

Elliott, K.J., L.R. Boring, and W.T. Swank. 1998. Changes in Vegetation Structure and Diversity After Grass-to Forest Succession in a Southern Appalachian Watershed. American Midland Naturalist. 140: 219-232.

Elliott, K.J., L.R. Boring, W.T. Swank, and B.R. Haines. 1998. Changes in vegetation structure and diversity after grass-to-forest succession in a southern Appalachian watershed. American Midland Naturalist 140: 219-232.

Clinton, B.D, K.J. Elliott, and W.T. Swank. 1997. Response of planted eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) to mechanical release, competition, and drought in the Southern Appalachians. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 21(1): 19-23.

Elliott, K.J., and D. Hewitt. 1997. Forest species diversity in upper elevation hardwood forests in the southern Appalachian mountains. Castanes 62: 32-42.

Elliott, K.J., L.R. Boring, W.T. Swank, and B.R. Haines. 1997. Successional changes in plant species diversity and composition after clearcutting a southern Appalachian watershed. Forest Ecology and Management 92: 67-85.

Vose, J.M., K.J. Elliott, D.W. Johnson, D.T. Tingey, and M.G. Johnson. 1997. Soil respiration response to three years of elevated CO2 and N fertilization in ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Doug. ex Laws.). Plant and Soil. 190: 19-28.

Elliott, K.J., and J.M. Vose. 1995. Evaluation of the competitive environment for white pine (Pinus strobus L.) seedlings planted on prescribed burn sites in the southern Appalachians. Forest Science 41(3): 513-530.

Vose, J.M., K.J. Elliott, D.W. Johnson, R.F. Walker, M.G. Johnson, and D.T. Tingey. 1995. Effects of elevated CO2 and N fertilization on soil respiration from ponderosa pins (Pinus ponderosa) in open-top chambers. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 25 (8): 1243-1251.

Elliott, K J., and A.S. White. 1994. Effects of Light, Nitrogen, and Phosphorus on Red Pine Seedling Growth and Nutrient Use Efficiency. Forest Science 40(1): 47-58.

Elliott, K., and W. Swank. 1994.Impacts of drought on tree mortality and growth in a mixed hardwood forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 5: 229-236.

Elliott, K.J., and J.M. Vose. 1994. Photosynthesis, water relations, and growth of planted Pinus strobus L. on burned sites in the southern Appalachians. Tree Physiology 14: 439-454.

Elliott, K.J., and W.T. Swank. 1994. Changes in tree species diversity after successive clearcuts in the Southern Appalachians. Vegetation 115: 11-18.

Johnson, D., D. Geisinger, R. Walker, J. Newman, J. Vose, K. Elliott, and T. Ball. 1994. Soil pCO2, soil respiration, and root activity in CO2-fumigated and nitrogen-fertilized ponderosa pine. Plant and Soil 165: 129-138.

Elliott, K.J. 1993. Vegetation diversity after logging in the Southern Appalachians. Conservation Biology. 7(2): 220-221.

Elliott, K.J., and J.M. Vose. 1993. Site preparation burning ot improve southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands: photosynthesis, water relations, and growth of planted Pinus strobus L. during establishment. Journal of Forest Research 23: 2278-2285.

Books and Book Sections

Boring, Lindsay R.; Elliott, Katherine J.; Swank, Wayne T. 2014. Successional forest dynamics. In: Swank, Wayne T.; Webster, Jackson R., comps., eds. Long-term response of a forest watershed ecosystem. Clearcutting in the southern Appalachian. Oxford University Press: 11-35. Chapter 2.

Elliott, K.J., Harper, C.A., Collins, B.S., 2011. Herbaceous Response to Type and Severity of Disturbance. In Sustaining Young Forest Communities: Ecology and Management of Early Successional Habitats in the Central Hardwood Region, USA. Edited by Greenberg, C.H., B.S. Collins, F.R.Thompson. Springer Book Series: Managing Forest Ecosystems, p. 97-119

Elliott, K.J., and J.M. Vose. 2006. Fire effects on water quality: a synthesis of response regulating factors among contrasting ecosystems, pp.77-87. In Fowler, D.L. (ed.), Second interagency conference on research in the wetlands. USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, Otto, NC.

Vose, J.M., G.J. Harvey, E.J. Elliott, and B.D. Clinton. 2003. Chapter 8: Measuring and modeling tree and stand level transpiration, pp. 263-282. In McCutcheon, S.C., J.L. Schnoor (eds.), Phytoremediation transformation and control of contaminants. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.

Vose, J., K. Elliott, and D. Johnson. 1995. Soil C0_2_ flux in response to elevated atmospheric C0_2_ and nitrogen fertilization: patterns and methods., pp. 199-208. In Lal, R., J. Kimble, E. Levine, and B. Stewart (eds.), Advances in Soil Science: Soils and Global Change. CRC Press, Inc., Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL.

Conference Proceedings (Published Papers and Abstracts)

Vose, J.M., Ford, C.R., Knoepp, J.D., Elliott, K.J., 2010. "Impacts of eastern hemlock mortality on ecosystem function: A guide to restoration strategies in the southern Appalachians." The 95th ESA Annual Meeting, August 1-6, 2010

Elliott, K.J., Vose, J.M. 2008. Pine regeneration following wildland fire. In: Olberding, Susan D., and Moore, Margaret M., tech coords. Fort Valley Experimental Forest - A Century of Research 1908-2008. Conference Proceedings; August 7-9, 2008; Flagstaff, AZ. Proceedings RMRS-P-53CD. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 222-230.

Knoepp, J.D., J.M. Vose, K.J. Elliott, B.D. Clinton, C.R. Ford, and B.D. Kloeppel. 2005. Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Research at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory. In Proceedings, Save our hemlocks third symposium on hemlock woolly adelgid in the eastern United States.

Elliott, K.J., J.M. Vose, B.D. Clinton, and J.D. Knoepp. 2004. Effects of understory burning in a mesic mixed-oak forest o fthe southern Appalachians, pp. 272-283. In Engstrom, R.T., K.E.M. Galley, and W.J. de Groot (eds.), Proceedings of the 22nd Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference: Fire in Temperate, Boreal, and Montane Ecosystems. Tallahassee, FL. Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL.

Clinton, B.D., J.M. Vose, J.D. Knoepp, and K.J. Elliott. 2003. Stream nitrate response to different burning treatments in southern Appalachian forests, pp. 174-181. In Galley, K.E.M., R.C. Kilinger, and N.G. Sugihara (eds.), Proceedings of Fire Conference 2000: The First National Congress on Fire Ecology, Prevention, and Management. Tallahassee, FL. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL.

Elliott, K.J., J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 2000. Fire as a silvicultural tool to improve southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands. In Moser, W.K., and C.F. Moser (eds.), Fire and Forest ecology: innovative Silviculture and vegetation management; Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference Proceedings, No. 21. Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL.

Waldrop, T.A., N.T. Welch, P.H. Brose, K.J. Elliott, H.H. Mohr, and E.E. Gray. 2000. Current Research on Restoring Ridgetop Pine Communities With Stand Replacement Fire, pp. 103-109. In Proceedings Workshop on Fire, People, and the Central Hardwoods Landscape, 12-14 March 2000, Richmond, KT. General Technical Report NE-274. USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station, Syracuse, NY.

Conference Posters and Presentations

Stringer, Christina E.; Krauss, Ken W.; Latimer, James S., eds. 2016. LONG TERM RECORDS PROVIDE INSIGHTS ON THE RELATIVE INFLUENCE OF CLIMATE, Headwaters to estuaries: advances in watershed science and management—Proceedings of the Fifth Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds. March 2-5, 2015, North Charleston, South Carolina. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-211. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 302 p.

Stringer, Christina E.; Krauss, Ken W.; Latimer, James S., eds. 2016. RESTORATION OF SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN RIPARIAN FORESTS AFFECTED BY EASTERN HEMLOCK MORTALITY, Headwaters to estuaries: advances in watershed science and management—Proceedings of the Fifth Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds. March 2-5, 2015, North Charleston, South Carolina. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-211. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 302 p.

Stringer, Christina E.; Krauss, Ken W.; Latimer, James S., eds. 2016. RIPARIAN AREA HARVESTING IMPACTS ON VEGETATION COMPOSITION AND DIVERSITY, Headwaters to estuaries: advances in watershed science and management—Proceedings of the Fifth Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds. March 2-5, 2015, North Charleston, South Carolina. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-211. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 302 p.

Stringer, Christina E.; Krauss, Ken W.; Latimer, James S., eds. 2016. SOIL AND STREAM CHEMISTRY RELATIONSHIPS IN HIGH ELEVATION WATERS, Headwaters to estuaries: advances in watershed science and management—Proceedings of the Fifth Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds. March 2-5, 2015, North Charleston, South Carolina. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-211. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 302 p.

Elliott, Katherine J., James M. Vose, Jennifer D. Knoepp and William Jackson. 2012. Effects of Wildfire and Liming of Pine-Oak-Heath Communities in the Linville Gorge Wilderness, Western North Carolina. Proceedings of the 4th Fire in Eastern Oak Forests Conference 230-234.

Elliott, K., Swank, W.T., 2009. "Long-Term Vegetation Changes in Coweeta Basin, Southern Appalachian Mountains, a USDA Forest Service Experimental Forest." 7th North American Forest Ecology Workshop. June 2009

Reports

Elliott, K., Vose, J.M. and Jackson, W.A. 2013. Effects of future sulfate and nitrate deposition scenarios on Linville Gorge and Shining Rock wildernesses. Pages 30 in: . U.S. Department of Agricultural, Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Asheville, NC.

Elliott, Katherine, Jim Vose, and Jennifer Knoepp. 2012. Compass Live—SRS publication--5/22/2012: Southern Pine Beetle Impacts on Forests: http://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/compass/2012/05/22/southern-pine-beetle-impacts-on-forests/

Elliott, K.J., and B.D. Clinton. 1993. Equations for estimating biomass of herbaceous and woody vegetation in early-successional Southern Appalachian pine-hardwood forests: Res. Note SE-365. USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC.