Paul Bolstad, Professor

Paul Bolstad

Research Emphasis:

Forest mass and energy cycles, structure, and disturbance

CWT Committees:

CWT Science Advisory Committee

Contact Information:

Primary Organization:  University of Minnesota

Mailing Address:

Dr. Paul Bolstad
Department of Forest Resources
St. Paul, MN 55108

Office Phone:  612.624.9711

FAX Number:  612.625.5212


Web Page:

CWT Data Sets:

1309 (Continuously measured soil moisture, soil temperature, and air temperature from stations in Watershed 36, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory)

1308 (Continuously measured soil moisture, soil temperature, and air temperature from stations in Watershed 32, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory)

1305 (Continuously measured soil moisture, soil temperature, and air temperature from stations in Watershed 7, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory)

1304 (Continuously measured soil moisture, soil temperature, and air temperature from stations in Watershed 5, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory)

1307 (Continuously measured soil moisture, soil temperature, and air temperature from a ridge station in Watershed 18, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory)

(most recent displayed - view all)

CWT Publications and Presentations: (custom bibliography)

Journal Articles

Bolstad, P. V., K. J. Elliott, and C. F. Miniat. 2018. Forests, shrubs, and terrain: top-down and bottom-up controls on forest structure. Ecosphere 9(4):e02185. 10.1002/ecs2.2185

Brantley, Steven T., Morgan L. Schulte, Paul V. Bolstad, and Chelcy F. Miniat. 2016. Equations for Estimating Biomass, Foliage Area, and Sapwood of Small Trees in the Southern Appalachians. Forest Science. 62(4)414-421.

Hwang, T., Band, L.E., Hales, T.C., Miniat, C.F., Vose, J.M., Bolstad, P.V., Miles, B. and Price, K. 2015. Simulating vegetation controls on hurricane-induced shallow landslides with a distributed ecohydrological model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biosciences. 120(2):361-378. (DOI: 10.1002/2014JG002824)

Hwang, T., Band, L.E., Miniat, C.F., Song, C., Bolstad, P.V., Vose, J.M. and Love, J.P. 2014. Divergent phenological response to hydroclimate variability in forested mountain watersheds. Global Change Biology. 20:2580-2595. (DOI:10.1111/gcb.12556)

Kirk, Ryan W., Bolstad, P.V., Manson, S.M., 2012, Spatio-temporal trend analysis of long-term development patterns (1900-2030) in a Southern Appalachian County, Landscape and Urban Planning 104(1):47-58

Hwang, Taehee, Conghe Song, Paul V. Bolstad, Lawrence E. Band. 2011. Downscaling real-time vegetation dynamics by fusing multi-temporal MODIS and Landsat NDVI in topographically complex terrain. Remote Sensing of Environment 115(10): 2499-2512. (DOI:10.1016/j.rse.2011.05.010)

Narayanaraj, G., P. V. Bolstad, K. J. Elliott, J. M. Vose. 2010. Terrain and Landform Influence on Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carrie`re (Eastern Hemlock) Distribution in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. Castenea. 75(1):1-18.

Bolstad, P.V., and T.L. Gragson. 2008. Resource abundance constraints on the early post-contact Cherokee population. Journal of Archeological Science 35:563-576.

Gragson, T.L., Bolstad, P.V. 2007. A Local Analysis of Early-Eighteenth-Century Cherokee Settlement. Social Science History 31(3): 435-468

Vose, J.M., and P.V. Bolstad. 2007. Biotic and abiotic factors regulating forest floor CO2 flux across a range of forest age classes in the southern Appalachians. Pedobiologia. 50: 577-587.

Gragson, T.L., and P.V. Bolstad. 2006. Land use legacies and the future of southern Appalachia. Society and Natural Resources. 19: 175-190.

Bolstad, P.V., and J.M. Vose. 2005. Forest and Pasture Carbon Pools and Soil Respiration in the Southern Appalachian Mountains. Forest Science. 51(4): 372-383.

Wythers, K.R., P.B. Reich, M.G. Tjoelker, and P.B. Bolstad. 2005. Foliar respiration acclimation to temperature and temperature variable Q10 alter ecosystem carbon balance. Global Change Biology. 11: 435-449.

Turner, M.G., S.M. Pearson, P. Bolstad, and D.N. Wear. 2003. Effects of land-cover change on spatial pattern of forest communities in the southern Appalachian mountains (USA). Landscape Ecology. 18: 449-464.

Radtke, P.J., T.E.Burk, and P.V. Bolstad. 2002. Bayesian melding of a forest ecosystem model with correlated inputs. Forest Science. 48(4): 701-711.

Scott, M.C., G.S. Helfman, M.E. McTammany, E.F. Benfield, and P.V. Bolstad. 2002. Multiscale influences on physical and chemical stream conditions across Blue Ridge landscapes. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 38(5): 1379-1392.

Radtke, P.J., and P.V. Bolstad. 2001. Laser point-quadrat sampling for estimating foliage-height profiles in broad-leaved forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 31(3): 410-418.

Bolstad, Paul V., James M. Vose and Steven G. McNulty. 2000. Forest Productivity, Leaf Area, and Terrain in Southern Appalachian Deciduous Forests. Forest Science 47(3):419-427.

Bolstad, P.V., K. Mitchell, and J.M. Vose. 1999. Foliar temperature-respiration response functions for broad-leaved tree species in the southern Appalachians. Tree Physiology. 19: 871-878

Elliott, K..J., J.M. Vose, W.T. Swank, and P.V. Bolstad.1999. Long-term patterns in vegetation-site relationships in a southern Appalachian Forest. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 126(4): 320-334.

Jones, E.B.D. III, G.S. Helfman, J.O. Harper, and P.V. Bolstad. 1999. Effects of riparian forest removal on fish assemblages in southern Appalachian streams. Conservation Biology. 13(6): 1454-1465.

Mitchell, K.A., P.V. Bolstad, J.M. Vose. 1999. Interspecific and environmentally induced variation in foliar dark respiration among eighteen southeastern deciduous tree species. Tree Physiology. 19: 861-870.

Vose, J.M., P.V. Bolstad. 1999. Challenges to modeling NPP in diverse eastern deciduous forests: species-level comparisons of foliar respiration response to temperature and nitrogen. Ecological Modelling. 122: 165-174.

Bolstad, P.V., L. Swift, F. Collins, and J. Regniere. 1998. Measured and predicted air temperatures at basin to regional scales in the southern Appalachian mountains. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 91: 161-176.

Bolstad, P.V., W. Swank, J. Vose. 1998. Predicting Southern Appalachian overstory vegetation with digital terrain data. Landscape Ecology. 13: 271-283.

Harding, J.S., E.F. Benfield, P.V. Bolstad, G.S. Helfman, and E.B.D Jones III. 1998. Stream biodiversity: The ghost of land use past. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 95: 14843-14847.

Wear, D.N., and P. Bolstad. 1998. Land-use changes in Southern Appalachian landscapes: spatial analysis and forecast evaluation. Ecosystems. 1: 575-594.

Bolstad, P.V., and W.T. Swank. 1997. Cumulative impacts of landuse on water quality in a southern Appalachian watershed. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 33(3): 519-533.

Sullivan, N.H.; P.V. Bolstad, and J.M. Vose. 1996. Estimates of net photosynthetic parameters for twelve tree species in mature forests of the southern Appalachians. Tree Physiology. 16: 397-406.

Vose, J.M., N.H. Sullivan, B.D. Clinton, and P.V. Bolstad. 1995. Vertical leaf area distribution, light transmittance, and application of the Beer-Lambert Law in four mature hardwood stands in the southern Appalachians. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 25(6): 1036-1043

Books and Book Sections

Gragson, Ted L, Paul V. Bolstad, and Meredith Welch-Devine. 2008. Agricultural Transformation of Southern Appalachia. In Agrarian Landscapes in Transition. Charles Redman and and David Foster, eds. Pp. 89-121. New York: Oxford University Press.

Swank, W.T., and P.V. Bolstad. Cumulative Impacts of Land Use on Water Quality in a Southern Appalachian Watershed. pp. 215-217. In G.E. Dissmeyer (ed.) Drinking water from forests and grasslands: a synthesis of the scientific literature. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-39. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. Asheville, NC

Conference Proceedings (Published Papers and Abstracts)

Bolstad, P., A. Jenks, M. Riedel, and J.M. Vose. 2006. Estimating sediment yield in the southern Appalachians using WCS-SED. In proceedings, Joint Federal Interagency Conference, 8th FISC & 3rd FIHMC: Interdisciplinary Solutions for Watershed Sustainability, 2-6 April 2006, Reno, NV.

Riedel, M.S., J.M. Vose, and P.V. Bolstad. 2004. Characterizing hysteretic water quality in southern Appalachian streams. In Proceedings, 2004 national water quality monitoring conference: United States Advisory Committee on water information. National Water Quality Monitoring Council, Chattanooga, TN.

Swank, W.T., and P.V. Bolstad. 1994. Cummulative effects of land use practices on water quality, pp. 409-421. In Peters, N., R. Allan, and V. Tsirkunov (eds.), Hydrochemistry 1993: Hydrological, chemical and biological processes affecting the transformation and transport of contaminants in aquatic environments: Proceedings of the Rostov-on-don Symposium, May 1993, Rostov-on Don, USSR. IAHS Publication 219.

Conference Posters and Presentations

Elliott, K.J., Caldwell, P.V., Knoepp, J.D., Zietlow, D.R., Vose, J.M.,Bolstad, P., Miniat, C.F. 2018. Effects of large wildfires on water quality and water quantity in mesophytic forests of the Eastern US. ESA Annual Meeting, August 5-10, 2018. New Orleans, LA.

Hwang, T., Band, L.E., Miniat, C.F., Kneopp, J.D. Vose, J.M, Song, C., Bolstad, P.V. 2018. Warming temperature homogenizes landscape vegetation patterns at the catchment scale. Association of American Geographers, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Hwang, T., Band, L.E., Miniat, C.F., Knoepp, J.D. Vose, J.M, Song, C., Bolstad, P.V. 2018. Warming temperature homogenizes landscape vegetation patterns at the catchment scale. 6th interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds, Shepherdtown, WV, USA.