Wayne Swank, Scientist Emeritus

Wayne Swank

Research Emphasis:

Forest hydrology and ecology with emphasis on water yield and water quality, biogeochemical cycles, and forest succession as related to both natural and management disturbances. Hydrologic and ecological relationships linked to the following topics: stand regeneration, prescribed burning, riparian restoration, bioremediation, ecosystem management, insects and diseases, droughts, floods, wind, and atmospheric deposition.

Contact Information:

Primary Organization:  USDA Forest Service

Mailing Address:

Dr. Wayne T. Swank
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory
3160 Coweeta Lab Road
Otto, NC 28763

Office Phone:  828-524-2128 x. 100

FAX Number:  828.369.6768

E-Mail:  wswank@uga.edu

Web Page:  http://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/coweeta/staff/swank/


CWT Data Sets:

1080 (Bulk stemflow at Coweeta Hardwoods, Watershed Two from 1985 to 1988 (Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory))

1082 (Bulk stemflow at Coweeta White Pines, Watershed One (Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory) from 1985 to 1988)

1081 (Bulk throughfall at Coweeta Hardwoods, Watershed Two (Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory) from 1985 to 1988)

1079 (Bulk throughfall at Coweeta White Pine, Watershed One at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory from 1985 to 1988)

1012 (Gradient throughfall (thrufall) collection at the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory from 1992 to 1997)

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CWT Publications and Presentations: (custom bibliography)

Journal Articles

Serengil, Yusuf, Wayne T. Swank and James M. Vose. 2012. Alterations on flow variability due to converting hardwood forests to pine. iForest 5:44-49.

Tedela, N.H., McCutcheon, S.C., Campbell, J. L, Swank, W.T., Adams, M.B. and Rasmussen, T.C. 2012. Curve numbers for nine mountainous eastern United States watersheds: seasonal variation and forest cutting. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering. 17: 1199-1203. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering. 17:1199-1203.

Ford, C.R., Laseter, S.H., Swank, W.T., and Vose, J.M., 2011. Can forest management be used to sustain water-based ecosystem services in the face of climate change? Ecological Applications 21: 2049–2067.

Ford, Chelcy R., Stephanie H. Laseter, Wayne T. Swank, and James M. Vose. 2011. Can forest management be used to sustain water-based ecosystem services in the face of climate change? Ecological Applications 21:2049–2067.

Negussie H. Tedela, Steven C. McCutcheon, Todd C. Rasmussen, Richard H. Hawkins, Wayne T. Swank, John L. Campbell, Mary Beth Adams, C. Rhett Jackson, and Ernest W. Tollner, 2011. Runoff Curve Numbers for Ten, Small Forested Watersheds in the Mountains of the Eastern U.S. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering. Published online May 21, 2011.

Serengil, Yusuf, Wayne T. Swank, Mark S. Riedel and James M. Vose. 2011. Conversion to pine: Changes in timing and magnitude of high and low flows. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 26(6):568-575.

Brookshire, J., S. Gerber, J.R. Webster, J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. Direct effects of temperature on forest nitrogen cycling revealed through analysis of long term watershed records. Global Change Biology

Burt, T. P. and W. T. Swank. 2010. Classics in physical geography revisited: Hursh CR and Brater EF (1941) Separating storm-hydrographs from small drainage-areas into surface-and subsurface-flow. Transactions, American Geophysical Union 22: 863–871. Progress in Physical Geography, 1-8.

Swank, W.T., Vose, J.M. 2009. Long-Term Forest Ecosystem Research: A Programmatic View. Journal of Forestry: 355-356

Elliott, K.J., and W.T. Swank. 2008. Long-term changes in forest composition and diversity following early logging (1919-1923) and the decline of American chestnut (Castanea dentate). Plant Ecology. 197: 155-172.

Elliott, K.J., J.M. Vose, J.D. Knoepp,D.W. Johnson, W.t. Swank,and W. Jackson. 2008. Simulated effects of sulfur deposition on nutrient cycling in class I wilderness areas. Journal of Environmental Quality. 37: 1419-1431.

Knoepp, J.D., J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 2008. Nitrogen deposition and cycling across an elevation and vegetation gradient in southern Appalachian forests. International Journal of Environmental Studies. 65(3): 389-408.

Jackson, C.R., W.T. Swank, and R. Olszeewski. 2005. John D. Hewlett (1992-2004). Transaction AGU. 8612: 124.

Knoepp, J.D., B.C. Reynolds, D.A. Crossley, W.T. Swank. 2005. Long-term changes in forest floor processes in southern Appalachian forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 220: 300-312.

Worrall, F., W. T. Swank, T. Burt. 2010. Fluxes of inorganic carbon from two forested catchments in the Appalachian Mountains. Hydrological Processes, 19: 3021-3035

Worrall, F., W.T. Swank, T. Burt. 2005. Fluxes of inorganic carbon from two forested catchments in the Appalachian mountains. Hydrological Processes. 19(15): 3021-3035.

Knoepp, J.D., J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 2004. Long-term soil responses to site preparation burning in the southern Appalachians. Forest Science. 50(4): 540-550.

Tilley, D.R., and W.T. Swank. 2003. EMERGY-based environmental systems assessment of a multi-purpose temperate mixed-forest watershed of the southern Appalachian Mountains, USA. Journal of Environmental Management. 69: 213-227.

Worrall, F., W.T. Swank, and T.P. Burt. 2003. Changes in stream nitrate concentrations due to land management practices, ecological succession, and climate: Developing a systems approach to integratd catchment response. Water Resources Research: 39(7): 11

Yeakley, J.A., D.C. Coleman, B.L. Haines, B.D. Kloeppel, J.L. Meyer, W.T. Swank, B.W. Argo, J.M. Deal, and S.F. Taylor. 2003. Hillslope nutrient dynamics following upland riparian vegetation disturbance. Ecosystems. 6(2): 154-167.

Burt, T., and W. Swank. 2002. Forest or floods? Geography Review. 15(5): 37-41.

Elliott, K.J., L.R. Boring, and W.T. Swank. 2002. Aboveground biomass and nutrient accumulation 20 years after clear-cutting a southern Appalachian watershed. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 32: 667-683.

Johnson, D.W., J.D. Knoepp, W.T. Swank, J. Shan, L.A. Morris, D.H. Van Lear, and P.R. Kapeluck. 2002. Effects of forest management on soil carbon: results of some long-term resampling studies. Environmental Pollution. 116: S201-S208.

Knoepp, J.D., and W.T. Swank. 2002. Using soil temperature and moisture to predict forest soil nitrogen mineralization. Biology & Fertility of Soils. 36: 177-182.

Qualls, R.G., B.L. Haines, W.T. Swank, and S.W. Tyler. 2002. Retention of soluble organic nutrients by a forested ecosystem. Biogeochemistry. 61: 135-171.

Walker, J.T., C.D. Geron, J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 2002. Nitrogen trace gas emissions from a riparian ecosystem in southern Appalachia. Chemosphere. 49(10): 1389-1398.

Swank, W.T., J.M. Vose, and K.J. Elliott. 2001. Long-term hydrologic and water quality responses following commercial clearcutting of mixed hardwoods on a southern Appalachian catchment. Forest Ecology and Management. 143: 163-178.

Qualls, R.G., B.L. Haines, W.T. Swank, and S.W. Tyler. 2000. Soluble Organic and Inorganic Nutrient Fluxes in Clearcut and Mature Deciduous Forests. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64: 1068-1077

Vose, J.M., W.T. Swank, G.J. Harvey, B.D. Clinton, and C. Sobek. 2000. Leaf Water Relations and Sapflow in Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides Bartr.) Trees Planted for Phytoremediation of a Groundwater Pollutant. International Journal of Phytoremediation. 2(1): 53-73.

Elliott, K..J., J.M. Vose, W.T. Swank, and P.V. Bolstad.1999. Long-term patterns in vegetation-site relationships in a southern Appalachian Forest. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 126(4): 320-334.

Elliott, K.J., R.L. Hendrick, A.E. Major, J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1999. Vegetation dynamics after a prescribed fire in the southern Appalachians. Forest Ecology and Management. 114: 199-213.

Johnson, D.W., R.B. Susfalk, P.F. Brewer, and W.T. Swank. 1999. Simulated Effects of Reduced Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Base Cation Deposition on Soils and Solutions in Southern Appalachian Forests. Journal of Environmental Quality. 28: 1336-1346

Vose, J.M., W.T. Swank, B.D. Clinton, J.D. Knoepp, and L.W. Swift. 1999. Using stand replacement fires to restore southern Appalachian pine-hardwood ecosystems: effects on mass, carbon, and nutrient pools. Forest Ecology and Management. 114: 215-226.

Bolstad, P.V., W. Swank, J. Vose. 1998. Predicting Southern Appalachian overstory vegetation with digital terrain data. Landscape Ecology. 13: 271-283.

Elliott, K.J., L.R. Boring, and W.T. Swank. 1998. Changes in Vegetation Structure and Diversity After Grass-to Forest Succession in a Southern Appalachian Watershed. American Midland Naturalist. 140: 219-232.

Elliott, K.J., L.R. Boring, W.T. Swank, and B.R. Haines. 1998. Changes in vegetation structure and diversity after grass-to-forest succession in a southern Appalachian watershed. American Midland Naturalist 140: 219-232.

Knoepp, J.D., and W.T. Swank. 1998. Rates of nitrogen mineralization across an elevation and vegetation gradient in the southern Appalachians. Plant and Soil. 204: 235-241.

Yeakley, J.A.; W.T. Swank, L.W. Swift, G.M. Hornberger, and H.H. Shugart. 1998. Soil moisture gradients and controls on a southern Appalachian hillslope from drought through recharge. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 2: 41-49.

Bolstad, P.V., and W.T. Swank. 1997. Cumulative impacts of landuse on water quality in a southern Appalachian watershed. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 33(3): 519-533.

Clinton, B.D, K.J. Elliott, and W.T. Swank. 1997. Response of planted eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) to mechanical release, competition, and drought in the Southern Appalachians. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 21(1): 19-23.

Elliott, K.J., L.R. Boring, W.T. Swank, and B.R. Haines. 1997. Successional changes in plant species diversity and composition after clearcutting a southern Appalachian watershed. Forest Ecology and Management 92: 67-85.

Hardt, R.A., and W.T. Swank. 1997. A comparison of structural and compositional characteristics of Southern Appalachian young second-growth, maturing second-growth, and old-growth stands. Natural Areas Journal. 17(1): 42-52.

Knoepp, J.D., and W.T. Swank. 1997. Forest management effects on surface soil carbon and nitrogen. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 61(3): 928-935.

Knoepp, J.D., and W.T. Swank. 1997. Long-term effects of commercial sawlog harvest on soil cation concentrations. Forest Ecology and Management. 93: 1-7.

McNulty, S.G., J.M. Vose, W.T. Swank. 1997. Regional hydrologic response of loblolly pine to air temperature and precipitation changes. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 33(5): 1011-1022.

Swank, W.T., and J.M. Vose. 1997. Long-term nitrogen dynamics of Coweeta forested watersheds in the southeastern United States of America. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 11(4): 657-671.

Clinton, B.D., J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1996. Shifts in aboveground and forest floor carbon and nitrogen pools after felling and burning in the Southern Appalachians. Forest Science. 42(4): 431-441.

Hedman, C.W., D.H. Van Lear, and W.T. Swank. 1996. In-stream large woody debris loading and riparian forest seral stage associations in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26: 1218-1227.

McNulty, S.G., J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1996. Loblolly pine hydrology and productivity across the southern United States. Forestry Ecology and Management. 86: 241-251.

McNulty, S.G., J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1996. Potential climate change effects on loblolly pine forest productivity and drainage across the Southern United States. Ambio. 25(7): 449-453.

Meyer, J.L., and W.T. Swank. 1996. Ecosystem management challenges ecologists. Ecological Applications. 6(3): 738-740.

Chen, T.H., G.M. Hornberger, A.J. Jakeman, and W.T. Swank. 1995. The performance of different loss models in the simulation of streamflow. Environmetrics. 6: 479-484.

Johnson, D.W., W.T. Swank, and J.M. Vose. 1995. Effects of liming on soils and streamwaters in a deciduous forest: comparison of field results and simulations. Journal of Environmental Quality. 24: 1105-1117.

Knoepp, J.D., and W.T. 1995. Comparison of available soil nitrogen assays in control and burned forested sites. SwankSoil Science Society of America Journal. 59: 1750-1754.

Maass, J.M., J.M. Vose, W.T. Swank, and A. Martinez-Yrizar. 1995. Seasonal changes of leaf area index (LAI) in a tropical deciduous forest in west Mexico. Forest Ecology and Management 74: 171-180.

McNulty, S., and W. Swank. 1995. Wood 8_13_C as a measure of annual basal area growth and soil water stress in a pinus strobus forest. Ecology 76(5): 1581-1586.

Waterman, J.R., A.R. Gillespie, J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1995. The influence of mountain laurel on regeneration in pitch pine canopy gaps of the Coweeta Basin, North Carolina, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 25: 1756-1762.

Clinton, B.D., L.R. Boring, and W.T. Swank. 1994. Regeneration patterns in canopy gaps of mixed-oak forests of the southern Appalachians: influences of topographic position and evergreen understory. American Midland Naturalist 132: 308-319.

Clinton, B.D., L.R. Boring, and W.T. Swank. 1994. Regeneration patterns in canopy gaps of mixed-oak forests of the southern Appalachians: influences of topographic position and evergreen understory. American Midland Naturalist 132: 308-319.

Elliott, K., and W. Swank. 1994.Impacts of drought on tree mortality and growth in a mixed hardwood forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 5: 229-236.

Elliott, K.J., and W.T. Swank. 1994. Changes in tree species diversity after successive clearcuts in the Southern Appalachians. Vegetation 115: 11-18.

Knoepp, J.D., and W.T. Swank. 1994. Long-term soil chemistry changes in aggrading forest ecosystems.Soil Science Society of America Journal 58: 325-331.

McNulty, S., J. Vose, W. Swank, J. Aber, and C. Federer. 1994. Regional-scale forest ecosystem modeling: database development, model predictions and validation using a Geographic Information System. Climate Research 4: 223-231.

Stanko-Golden, K., W. Swank, and J. Fitzgerald. 1994. Factors affecting sulfate adsorption, organic sulfur formation, and mobilization in forest and grassland spodosols. Biology and Fertility of Soils 17: 289-296.

Vose, J.M., and W.T. Swank. 1994. Effects of long-term drought on the hydrology and growth of a white pine plantation in the southern Appalachians. Forest Ecology and Management. 64: 25-39.

Yeakley, J.A., J.L. Meyer, and W.T. Swank. 1994. Hillslope nutrient flux during near-stream vegetation removal L A multi-scaled modeling design. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 77: 229 -246.

Clinton, B., J.J. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1993. Site preparation burning to improve southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands: vegetation composition and diversity of 13-year-old stands. Canadian Jounal of Forest Research 23: 2271-2277.

Clinton, B., J.J. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1993. Site preparation burning to improve southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands: vegetation composition and diversity of 13-year-old stands. Canadian Jounal of Forest Research 23: 2271-2277.

Johnson, D., W. Swank, and J. Vose. 1993. Simulated effects of atmospheric sulfur deposition on nutrient cycling in a mixed deciduous forest. Biogeochemistry 23: 169-196.

Knoepp, J.D., and W.T. Swank. 1993. Site preparation burning to improve southern Appalachian pin-hardwood stands: nitrogen responses in soil, soil water, and streams. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23: 2263-2270.

Vose, J.M., and W.T. Swank. 1993. Site preparation burning to improve southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands: aboveground biomass, forest floor mass, and nitrogen and carbon pools. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23: 2255-2262.

Burt, T.P., and W.T. Swank. 1992. Flow frequency responses to hardwood-to-grass conversion and subsequent succession. Hydrological Processes 6(2): 179-188.

Chellemi, D.O., K.O. Britton, and W.T. Swank. 1992. Influence of site factors on dogwood anthracnose in the Nantahala Mountain range of western North Carolina. Plant Disease 76(9): 915-918.

Golladay, S.W., J.R. Webster, E.F. Benfield, and W.T. Swank. 1992. Changes in stream stability following forest clearing as indicated by storm nutrient budgets: part 1 of 2. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 90: 1-33.

Hornbeck, J.W., and W.T. Swank. 1992. Watershed ecosystems analysis as a basis for multiple-use management of eastern forests. Ecological Applications 2(3): 238-247.

Stanko-Golden, K.M., J.W. Fitzgerald, and W.T. Swank. 1992. Sulfur processing in soil from high and low elevation forests in the southern Appalachians of the United States. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 24(7): 693-702.

Swank, W.T., and D.H. Van Lear. 1992. Multiple-use management: ecosystem perspectives of multiple-use management. Ecological Applications 2(3): 219-220.

Montagnini, F., B. Haines, and W.T. Swank. 1991. Soil-solution chemistry in black locust, pine/mixed-hardwoods and oak/hickory forest stands in the southern Appalachians, U.S.A. Forest Ecology and Management 40: 199-208.

Potter, C.S., H. Ragsdale, and W. Swank. 1991. Atmospheric deposition and foliar leaching in a regenerating southern Appalachian forest canopy. Journal of Ecology 79: 97-115.

Qualls, R.G., B.L. Haines, and W.T. Swank. 1991. Fluxes of dissolved organic nutrients and humic substances in a deciduous forest. Ecology 72(1): 254-266.

Walbridge, M.R., C.J. Richardson, and W.T. Swank. 1991. Vertical distribution of biological and geochemical phosphorus subcycles in two southern Appalachian forest soils: part 1 of 2. Biogeochemistry 13: 61-85.

Davidson, E.A., and W.T. Swank. 1990. Nitrous oxide dissolved in soil solution: an insignificant pathway of nitrogen loss from a southeastern hardwood forest. Water Resources Research 26(7): 1687-1690.

Swank, W.T., and J.M. Vose. 1990. Watershed-scale responses to ozone events in a Pinus strobus L. plantation. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 54: 119-133.

Vose, J.M., and W.T. Swank. 1990. Assessing seasonal leaf area dynamic sand vertical leaf area distribution in eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) with a portable light meter. Tree Physiology 7: 125-134.

Vose, J.M., and W.T. Swank. 1990. Preliminary estimates of foliar absorption of 15N-labeled nitric acid vapor (HNO3) by mature eastern whitepine (Pinus strobus). Canadian Journal of Forest Resources 20: 857-860.

Gaskin, J.W., J.F. Dowd, W.L. Nutter, and W.T. Swank. 1989. Vertical and lateral components of soil nutrient flux in a hillslope. Journal of Environmental Quality 18: 403-410.

Mattson, K., and W. Swank. 1989. Soil and detrital carbon dynamics following forest cutting in the Southern Appalachians. Biology and Fertility of Soils 7: 247-253.

Montagnini, F., B. Haines, and W. Swank. 1989. Factors controlling nitrification in soils of early successional and oak/hickory forests in the Southern Appalachians. Forest Ecology and Management 26: 77-94.

Montagnini, F., B.L. Haines, W.T. Swank, and J.B. Waide. 1989. Nitrification in undisturbed mixed hardwoods and manipulated forests in the southern Appalachian Mountains of North Carolina, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19: 1226-1234.

Taylor, R.W., A.L. Williams, W.V. Dashek, and W.T. Swank. 1989. Ultrastructure and amino acid/protein contents of Pinus strobus needles: a potential monitor for ozone (O3). Biodeterioration Research 2: 549-570.

Boring, L.R., W.T. Swank, J.B. Waide, and G.S. Henderson. 1988. Sources, fates, and impacts of nitrogen inputs to terrestrial ecosystems: review and synthesis: Part 1 of 2. Biogeochemistry 6: 119-159.

Fitzgerald, J.W., D.D. Hale, and W.T. Swank. 1988. Sulphur-containing amino acid metabolism in surface horizons of a hardwood forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 20(6): 825-831.

Johnson, D., J. Kelly, W. Swank, D. Cole, H. Van Miegroet, J. Hornbeck, R. Pierce, and D. Van Lear. 1988. The effects of leaching and whole-tree harvesting on cation budgets of several forests. Journal of Environmental Quality 17(3): 1418-424.

Mann, L., D. Johnson, D. West, D. Cole, J. Hornbeck, C. Martin, H. Riekerk, C. Smith, W. Swank, L. Tritton, and D. Van Lear. 1988. Effects of whole-tree and stem-only clearcutting on postharvest hydrologic losses, nutrient capital, and regrowth. Forest Science 34(2): 412-428.

Swank, W.T., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1988. Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. Ecological Studies, vol 66. Springer- Verlag, New York, NY.

Watwood, M.E., and J.W. Fitzgerald, and W.T. Swank. 1988. Effects of moisture content on sulfate generation and retention in hardwood forest uppersoil horizons. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 18: 820-824.

Watwood, M.E., and J.W. Fitzgerald, W.T. Swank, and E.R. Blood. 1988. Factors involved in potential sulfur accumulation in litter and soil from a coastal pine forest. Biogeochemistry 6: 3-19.

Davidson, E.A., and W.T. Swank. 1987. Factors limiting denitrification in soils from mature and disturbed southeastern hardwood forests. Forest Science 33(1): 135-144.

Mattson, K.G., W.T. Swank, and J.B. Waide. 1987. Decomposition of woody debris in a regenerating, clearcut forest in the Southern Appalachians. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17: 712-721.

Strickland, T.C., J.W. Fitzgerald, J.T. Ash, and W.T. Swank. 1987. Organic sulfur transformations and sulfur pool sizes in soil and litter from a Southern Appalachian hardwood forest. Soil Science 143(6): 453-458.

Davidson, E.A., and W.T. Swank. 1986. Environmental parameters regulating gaseous nitrogen losses from two forested ecosystems via nitrification and denitrification. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 52(6): 1287-1292.

Davidson, E.A., W.T. Swank, and T.O. Perry. 1986. Distinguishing between nitrification and denitrification as sources of gaseous nitrogen production in soil. Applied and Environmental Microbology 52(6): 1280-1286.

Montagnini, F., B. Haines, L. Boring, and W. Swank. 1986. Nitrification potentials in early successional black locust and in mixed hardwood forest stands in the Southern Appalachians, USA. Biogeochemistry 2: 197-210.

Strickland, T.C., J.W. Fitzgerald, and W.T. Swank. 1986. In situ measurements of sulfate incorporation into forest floor and soil organic matter. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 16: 549-553.

Strickland, T.C., J.W. Fitzgerald, and W.T. Swank. 1986. In situ mobilization of 35S-labelled organic sulphur in litter and soil from a hardwood forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 18(5): 463-468.

Leopold, D.J., G.R. Parker, and W.T. Swank. 1985. Forest development after successive clearcuts in the Southern Appalachians: part 1. Forest Ecology and Management 13: 83-120.

Boring, L., and W. Swank. 1984. The role of black locust (Robinia pseudo-acacia) in forest succession. Journal of Ecology 72: 749-766.

Boring, L.R., and W.T. Swank. 1984. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation in regenerating black locust (Robinia pseudo-acacia L.) stands. Forest Science 30(2): 528-537.

Fitzgerald, J.W., T.L. Andrew, and W.T. Swank. 1984. Availability of carbon-bonded sulfur for mineralization in forest soils. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 14: 839-843.

Singer, F.J., W.T. Swank, and E.E.C. Clebsch. 1984. Effects of wild pig rooting in a deciduous forest. Journal of Wildlife Management 48: 464-473.

Strickland, T.C., J.W. Fitzgerald, and W.T. Swank. 1984. Mobilization of recently formed forest soil organic sulfur. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 14: 63-67.

Swank, W.T. 1984. Atmospheric contributions to forest nutrient cycling. Water Resources Bulletin 20(3): 313-321.

Swank, W.T., J.W. Fitzgerald, and J.T. Ash. 1984. Microbial transformation of sulfate in forest soils. Science 223(4632): 182-184.

Fitzgerald, J.W., J.T. Ash, T.C. Strickland, and W.T. Swank. 1983. Formation of organic sulfur in forest soils: a biologically mediated process. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 13: 1077-1082.

Fitzgerald, J.W., T C. Strickland, and W.T. Swank. 1982. Metabolic fate of inorganic sulfate in soil samples from undisturbed and managed forest ecosystems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 14: 529-536.

Parker, G.R., and W.T. Swank. 1982. Tree species response to clear cutting a Southern Appalachian watershed. American Midland Naturalist 108: 304-310.

Swank, W.T. 1982. Review of biogeochemical cycling of mineral-forming elements: studies in environmental science. Quarterly Review of Biology. 3: 91.

Swank, W.T. 1982. Studi di ecologia e idrologia forestali. Universaita di Padova, Instituto di Ecologia e Selvicoltura, Padova, Italy.

Swank, W.T., and W.H. Caskey. 1982. Nitrate depletion in a second-order mountain stream. Journal of Environmental Quality 11: 581-584.

Boring, L.R., C.D. Monk, and W.T. Swank. 1981. Early regeneration of a clear-cut Southern Appalachian forest. Ecology 62: 1244-1253.

Swank, W.T., J.B. Waide, D.A. Crossley Jr., and R.L. Todd. 1981. Insect defoliation enhances nitrate export from forest ecosytems. Oecologia 51: 297-299.

Swift, L.W. Jr., and W.T. Swank. 1981. Long term responses of streamflow following clearcutting and regrowth. Hydrological Sciences Bulletin 26: 245-256.

Henderson, G.S., W.T. Swank, J.B. Waide, and C.C. Grier. 1978. Nutrient budgets of Appalachian and Cascade region watersheds: a comparison. Forest Science 24: 385-397.

Dissmeyer, G.E., and W.T. Swank. 1976. Municipal watershed management survey. Journal of American Water Works Association 68(2): 97-100.

Swank, W.T., and G.S. Henderson. 1976. Atmospheric input of some cations and anions to forest ecosystems in North Carolina and Tennessee. Water Resources Research 12: 541-546.

Swift, L.W. Jr., W.T. Swank, J.B. Mankin, R.J. Luxmoore, and R.A. Goldstein. 1975. Simulation of evapotranspiration and drainage from mature and clear-cut deciduous forests and young pine plantation. Water Resources Research 11(5): 667-673.

Todd, R.L., W.T. Swank, J.E. Douglass, P.C. Kerr, D.L. Brockway, and C.D. Monk. 1975. The relationship between nitrate concentration in the Southern Appalachian mountain streams and terrestrial nitrifiers. Agro-Ecosystems 2: 127-132.

Gist, C.S., and W.T. Swank. 1974. An optical planimeter for leaf area determination. American Midland Naturalist 92: 213-217.

Schreuder, H.T., and W.T. Swank. 1974. Coniferous stands characterized with the Weibull distribution. Canadian Journal of Forestry Research 4: 518-523.

Swank, W.T., and H.T. Schreuder. 1974. Comparison of three methods of estimating surface area and biomass for a forest of young eastern white pine. Forest Science 20: 91-100.

Swank, W.T., and J.E. Douglass. 1974. Streamflow greatly reduced by coverting deciduous hardwood stands to pine. Science 185: 857-859.

Johnson, P.L., and W.T. Swank. 1973. Studies on cation budgets in the southern Appalachians on four experimental watersheds with contrasting vegetation. Ecology 54: 70-80.

Swank, W.T., N.B. Goebel, and J.D. Helvey. 1972. Interception loss in loblolly pine stands of the South Carolina Piedmont. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 27: 160-164.

Swank, W.T., and N.H. Miner. 1968. Conversion of hardwood-covered watersheds to white pine reduces water yield. Water Resources Research 4: 947-954.

Books and Book Sections

Boring, Lindsay R.; Elliott, Katherine J.; Swank, Wayne T. 2014. Successional forest dynamics. In: Swank, Wayne T.; Webster, Jackson R., comps., eds. Long-term response of a forest watershed ecosystem. Clearcutting in the southern Appalachian. Oxford University Press: 11-35. Chapter 2.

Knoepp, Jennifer D.; Swank, Wayne T.; Haines, Bruce L. 2014. Long- and short- term changes in nutrient availability following commercial sawlog harvest via cable logging. In: Swank, Wayne T.; Webster, Jackson R., comps., eds. Long-term response of a forest watershed ecosystem. Clearcutting in the southern Appalachian. Oxford University Press: 57-84. Chapter 4.

Mattson, Kim G.; Swank, Wayne T. 2014.Wood decomposition following clearcutting at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory. In: Swank, Wayne T.; Webster, Jackson R., comps., eds. Long-term response of a forest watershed ecosystem. Clearcutting in the southern Appalachian. Oxford University Press: 118-132. Chapter 7.

Qualls, Robert G.; Haines, Bruce L.; Swank, Wayne T. 2014. Soluble organic nutrient fluxes. In: Swank, Wayne T.; Webster, Jackson R., comps., eds. Long-term response of a forest watershed ecosystem. Clearcutting in the southern Appalachian. Oxford University Press: 85-101. Chapter 5.

Swank, Wayne T.; Knoepp, Jennifer D.; Vose, James M.; Laseter, Stephanie N.; Webster, Jackson, R. 2014. Response and recovery of water yield and timing, stream sediment, abiotic parameters, and stream chemistry following logging. In: Swank, Wayne T.; Webster, Jackson R., comps., eds. Long-term response of a forest watershed ecosystem. Clearcutting in the southern Appalachian. Oxford University Press: 36-56. Chapter 3.

Swank, Wayne T.; Webster, Jackson, R. 2014. Programmatic background, site description, experimental approach and treatment, and natural disturbances. In: Swank, Wayne T.; Webster, Jackson R., comps., eds. Long-term response of a forest watershed ecosystem. Clearcutting in the southern Appalachian. Oxford University Press: 1-10. Chapter 1.

Webster, J.R., Swank, W.T., Vose, J.M., Knoepp, J.D. and Elliott, K.J. 2014. Bridging the gap between ecosystem theory and forest watershed management. A synthesis of 30+ years of research on WS 7. Pages 229-247 in: Swank, W.T. and Webster, J.R. (editors). Long-term response of a forest watershed ecosystem. Clearcutting in the southern Appalachian. Oxford University Press.

Jackson, C.R., G. Sun, D. Amatya, W.T. Swank, M. Riedel, J. Patric, T. Williams, J.M. Vose, C. Trettin, W.M. Aust, R.S. Beasley, H. Williston, and G.G. Ice. 2004. Chapter 3: Fifty years of forest hydrology in the southeast, pp. 33-112. In Ice, G.G., and J.D. Stednick (eds.), A Century of Forest and Wildland Watershed Lessons. Society of American Foresters, Bethesda, MD.

Swank, W.T., J.L. Meyer, and D.A. Crossley Jr. 2002. Long-Term Ecological Research: Coweeta History And Perspectives, pp. 143-163. In Barrett, G.W., and T.L. Barrett (eds.), Holistic Science: The Evolution of the Georgia Institute of Ecology (1940-2000). Taylor & Francis, New York, NY.

Swank, W. 2000. Forest succession. pp. 120-123 in G.E. Dissmeyer (ed.) Drinking water from forests and grasslands: a synthesis of the scientific literature. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-39. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. Asheville, NC.

Swank, W.T., and P.V. Bolstad. Cumulative Impacts of Land Use on Water Quality in a Southern Appalachian Watershed. pp. 215-217. In G.E. Dissmeyer (ed.) Drinking water from forests and grasslands: a synthesis of the scientific literature. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-39. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. Asheville, NC

Johnson, D.W., R.B. Susfalk, and W.T. Swank. 1998. Simulated effects of atmospheric deposition and species change on nutrient cycling in loblolly pine and mixed deciduous forests, pp. 503-524. In Mickler, R.A., and S. Fox (eds.), The productivity and sustainability of southern forest ecosystems in a changing environment. Ecological Studies, vol. 128. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.

S.G. McNulty, J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1998. Predictions and Projections of Pine Productivity and Hydrology in Response to Climate Change Across the Southern United States, pp. 391-405. In Mickler, R.A., and S. Fox (eds.), The productivity and sustainability of southern forest ecosystems in a changing environment. Ecological Studies, vol. 128. Springer-Verlag, New York.

McNulty, S.G., J.M, Vose, and W.T. Swank. 1997. Chapter 9: 187-209. Scaling predicted pine forest hydrology and productivity across the southern United States. In Quattrochi, D.A., and M.F. Goodchild (eds.), Scale in Remote Sensing and GIS. CRC Press, Inc., New York, NY.

Vose, J.M., W.T. Swank, C.D. Geron, and A.E. Major. 1996. Emissions from forest burning in the Southeastern U.S.: Application of a model determining spatial and temporal fire variation, pp. 733-749. In Levine, J.S. (ed.), Biomass burning and global change, vol. 2: Biomass burning in South America, Southeast Asia, and temperate and boreal ecosystems and the oil fires of Kuwait. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Swank, W.T. 1995. Current issues facing foresters in parts of North America, pp. 129-148. In Brown, I. (ed.), Forests and Water: Proceedings of a discussion meeting, 25-27 March 1994, Edinburgh. Institute of Chartered Foresters, Edinburgh.

Dlamini, E.T., A.L. Williams, W.V. Dashek, W.T. Swank, and J.M. Vose. 1994. Protein contents of ozone- and air-fumigated Pinus strobus needles, pp.379-390. In Llewellyn G.C., et al. (eds.), Biodeterioration Research 4, Plenum Press, New York.

Nihlgard, B.J., W. Swank, and M. Mitchell. 1994. Biological Processes and Catchment Studies, pp. 133-161. In Moldan, B., and J. Cerny (eds.), Biogeochemistry of small catchment: a tool for environmental research. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) 51. Chichester, U.K.

Nihlgard, B.J., W.T. Swank, and M.J. Mitchell. 1994. Chapter 6: Biological Processes and Catchment Studies, pp. 133-161. In Moldan, B., and J. Cerny (eds.), Biogeochemistry of Small Catchments: A Tool for Environmental Research. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., Chichester, U.K.

Nihlgard, B.J., W.T. Swank, and M.J. Mitchell. 1994. Small catchment research in the evaluation and development of forest management practices, pp. 383-408. In Moldan, B., and J. Cerny (eds.), Biogeochemistry of small catchments: a tool for environmental research. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) 51. Chichester, U.K.

Swank, W.T., and J.M. Vose. 1994. Long-term hydrologic and stream chemistry responses of southern Appalachian catchments following conversion from mixed hardwoods to white pine, pp. 164-172. In Landolt, R. (ed.), Hydrologie kleiner Einzugsgebiete: Gedenkschrift Hans M. Keller. Beitrage zur Hydrologie der Schweiz 35. Bern, Schweizerische: Schweizerische Gesellschaft fur Hydrologie und Limnologie.

Taylor, G., B. Ross-Todd, E. Allen, P. Conklin, R. Edmonds, E. Joranger, E. Miller, L. Ragsdale, J. Shepard, D. Silsbee, and W. Swank. 1992. Patterns of tropospheric ozone in forested landscapes of the Integrated Forest Study, pp. 50-71. In Johson, D.W., and S.E. Linberg (eds.), Atmospheric deposition and forest nutrient cycling: a synthesis of the Integrated Forest Study. Ecological Studies. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.

Vose, J.M., and W.T. Swank. 1992. Water balances: part 1 of 2, pp. 27-49. In Johnson, D.W., and S.E. Lindberg (eds.), Atmospheric deposition and forest nutrient cycling: a synthesis of the Integrated Forest Study. Ecological Studies, vol 91. Springer- Verlag, New York, NY.

Webster, J.R., S.W. Golladay, E.F. Benfield, J.L. Meyer, W.T. Swank, and J.B. Wallace. 1992. Catchment disturbance and stream response: an overview of stream research at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, pp. 231-253. In Boon, P.J., P. Calow, and G. E. Petts (eds.), River Conservation and Management. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.

Meyer, J.L., and W.T. Swank. 1991. Site overview of Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, pp. 46-55. In Long-term Ecological Research in the United States. LTER Network Publications, Seattle, WA.

Swank, W.T. 1991. Nitrogen transformation processes in selected forest ecosystems of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, pp. 11-14. In Folliott, P.F., and W.T. Swank (eds.), People and the temperate region: a summary of research from the United States Man and the Biosphere Program 1991. Publication 9838. NTIS, Springfield, VA.

Vose, J.M., and W.T. Swank. 1990. A conceptual model of forest growth emphasizing stand leaf area, pp. 278-287. In Dixon, R., R. Meldahl, G. Ruark, and N. Nussen (eds.), Forest growth: process modeling of responses to environmental stress. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

Johnson, D.W., H. Van Miegroet, and W.T. Swank. 1989. Markers of air pollution in forests: nutrient cycling, pp.133-142. In Biological markers of air-pollution stress and damage in forests. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

Swank, W.T., L.F. DeBano, and D. Nelson. 1989. Effects of timber management practices on soil and water, pp. 79-106. In Burns, R.L. (technical compiler), The scientific basis for silvicultural and management decisions in the national forest system. Gen. Tech. Rep. WO-55. USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC.

Boring, L.R., W.T. Swank, and C.D. Monk. 1988. Dynamics of early successional forest structure and processes in the Coweeta basin, pp. 161-179. In Swank, W.T., and D.A. Crossley Jr. (ed.), Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. Ecological Studies. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.

Fitzgerald, J.W., W.T. Swank, T.C. Strickland, J.T. Ash, D.D. Hale, T.L. Andrew, and M.E. Watwood. 1988. Sulfur pools and transformations in litter and surface soil of a hardwood forest, pp. 245-253. Ecological Studies, vol. 66: Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.

Haines, B.L., and W.T. Swank. 1988. Acid precipitation effects on forest processes, pp. 359-366. In Swank, W.T., and D.A. Crossley Jr. (ed.), Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. Ecological Studies. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.

Swank, W.T. 1988. Stream chemistry responses to disturbance, pp. 339-357. In Swank, W.T., and D.A. Crossley Jr. (eds.), Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. Ecological Studies, vol. 66. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.

Swank, W.T., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1988. Introduction and site description, pp. 3-16. In Swank, W.T., and D.A. Crossley Jr.(ed.), Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. Ecological Studies, vol. 66. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.

Swank, W.T., and J.B. Waide. 1988. Characterization of baseline precipitation and stream chemistry and nutrient budgets for control watersheds, pp. 57-79. In Swank, W.T., and D.A. Crossley Jr. (eds.), Forest hydrology and ecology at Coweeta. Ecological Studies, vol. 66. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.

Swank, W.T., L.W. Swift Jr., and I.E. Douglass. 1988. Streamflow Changes Associated with Forest Cuttin Species Conversions, and Natural Disturbances. In Swank, W.T., and D.A. Crossley Jr. (eds.), Ecological Studies, Vol. 66: Forest Hydrology and Ecology at Coweeta. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.

McMinn, J.W., W.T. Swank, and W.H. McNabb. 1986. Scrub oak stands in the southeast, pp. 11-24. In Ffolliott, P.F., and W.T. Swank (eds.), Potentials of noncommerical forest biomass for energy. Technical Bulletin 256. University of Arizona, School of Renewable Natural Resources, Tucson, AZ.

Swank, W.T. 1986. Biological control of solute losses from forest ecosystems, pp. 85-139. In Trudgill, S. (ed.), Solute Processes: part 1 of 3. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Swank, W.T., and D.A. Crossley Jr. 1986. Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory background and synthesis, pp. 23-32. In Dyer, M.I., and D.A. Crossley Jr. (eds.), Coupling of ecological studies with remote sensing: potentials at four Biosphere Reserves in the United States. Department of State Publ. 9504. Man and the Biosphere Program, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, US Department of State, Washington, DC.

Huff, D.D., and W.T. Swank. 1985. Modeling changes in forest evapotranspiration, pp. 125-151. In Anderson, M.G., and T.P. Burt (eds.), Hydrological forecasting. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.

Webster, J.R., M. Gurtz, J. Hains, J. Meyer, W. Swank, J. Waide, and J. Wallace. 1983. Stability of stream ecosystems, pp. 355-395. In Barnes, J.R., and G. W. Minshall (eds.), Stream ecology. Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York, NY.

Waring, R.H., J.J. Rogers, and W.T. Swank. 1980. Water relations and hydrologic cycles, pp. 205-264. In Reichle, D.E. (ed.), Dynamic properties of forest ecosystems. Cambridge University Press, Malta.

Conference Proceedings (Published Papers and Abstracts)

Elliott, K.J., J.M. Vose, and W.T. Swank. 2000. Fire as a silvicultural tool to improve southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands. In Moser, W.K., and C.F. Moser (eds.), Fire and Forest ecology: innovative Silviculture and vegetation management; Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference Proceedings, No. 21. Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL.

Swank, W.T., and D.R. Tilley. 2000. Watershed Management Contributions to Land Stewardship: Case Studies in the Southeast. In Conference Proceedings, Land Stewardship in the 21st Century: The Contributions of Watershed Management Conference Proceedings, 13-16 March 2000, Tucson, Arizona. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO.

Swank, W.T., and D.R. Tilley. 2000. Watershed management to land stewardship: case studies in the southeast. In Proceedings, conference: Land Stewardship in the 21st Century: the Contributions of Watershed Management, 13-16 March 2000, Tucson, Arizona. RMRS-P-13. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO.

Swank, W.T. 1998. Multiple use forest management in a catchment context. In Cresser, M., and K. Pugh, K. (eds.) Multiple land use and catchment management. In Proceedings of an international conference; 1996 September 11-13; Aberdeen, Scotland, UK. Aberdeen, Scotland, UK: Macaulay Land Use Research Institute: 27-37.

Vose, J.M., W.T. Swank, B.D. Clinton, R.L. Hendrick, and A.E. Major. 1997. Using fire to restore pine/hardwood ecosystems in the southern Appalachians of North Carolina. In Proceedings - Fire Effects on Rare and Endangered Species and Habitats Conference. 13-16 November 1995, Coeur d'Alene, ID. International Association of Wildland Fire, Fairfield, WA.

McNulty, S.G., and W.T. Swank. 1996. Forest ecosystem analysis using a GIS, pp. 167-172. . In Proceedings of Eco-Informa 1996: Global Networks for Environmental Information, vol. 10, 4-7 November 1996, Lake Buena Vista, FL. Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

McNulty, S.G., and W.T. Swank. 1996. The use of modeling and GIS in forest ecosystem management: two case studies. In Arthaud, G.J., and W.C. Hubbard (eds.), Proceedings of the Southern Forestry Geographic Information Systems Conference, 11-13 December 1996, Athens, GA. University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

Swank, W.T. 1996. Multiple use forest management in a catchment context, pp.27-37. In Cresser, M. and K. Pugh (eds.), Proceedings of an international conference: Multiple Land Use and Catchment Management, 11-13 September 1996. Aberdeen Research Consortium Land Management and Environmental Sciences Research Centere, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK.

Yeakley, J.A., G.M. Hornberger, and W.T. Swank. 1996. Planform effects on simulated hillslope soil moisture in an upland forested watershed, pp. 307-316. In Singh, R.B., and M.J. Haigh (eds.), Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Headwater Control: Sustainable Reconstruction of Highland Nd Headwater Regions, 6-8 October 1995, New Delhi. Oxford & IBH Publ, New Delhi.

Swank, W.T., and P.V. Bolstad. 1994. Cummulative effects of land use practices on water quality, pp. 409-421. In Peters, N., R. Allan, and V. Tsirkunov (eds.), Hydrochemistry 1993: Hydrological, chemical and biological processes affecting the transformation and transport of contaminants in aquatic environments: Proceedings of the Rostov-on-don Symposium, May 1993, Rostov-on Don, USSR. IAHS Publication 219.

Swank, W.T., S.G. McNulty, and L.W. Swift Jr. 1994. Opportunities for forest hydrology applications to ecosystem management, pp. 19-29. In Ohta,T., Y. Fukushima, and M. Suzuki (eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium on Forest Hydrology, 24-28 October 1994, Tokyo, Japan. International Union of Forestry Research Organizations, Organizing committee of the International Symposium on Forest Hydrology, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Vose, J., B. Clinton, and W. Swank. 1994. Fire, drought, and forest management influences on pine/hardwood ecosystems in the Southern Appalachians. In Fire and forest meteorology: proceedings of the 12th international conference on fire and forest meteorology; 26-28 October 1993, Jekyll Island, Georgia. Society of American Foresters Publication, Bethesda, MD.

Yeakley, J.A., W.T. Swank, G.M. Hornberger, and H.H. Shugart. 1992. A method of modeling source area response to climate variability. In Proceedings, AWRA 28th. Annual Conference and Symposium: Managing water resources during global change. 1-5 November 1992, Reno, NV. American Water Resources Association, Bethesda, MD.

Blood, E.R., W.T. Swank, and T. Williams. 1989. Precipitation, throughfall, and stemflow chemistry in a coastal loblolly pine stand. In Proceedings, Freshwater wetlands and wildlife: DOE Symposium Series No. 61 [CONF-8603101], 24-27 March 1986, Charleston, SC. USDOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information, Oak Ridge, TN.

Neary, D.G., W.T. Swank, and H. Riekerk. 1989. An overview of nonpoint source pollution in the Southern United States. In Proceedings, symposium: The forested wetlands of the Southern United States, 12-14 July 1988, Orlando, FL. General Technical Report SE-50. USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC.

Riekerk, H., D.G. Neary, and W.T. Swank. 1989.The magnitude of upland silvicultural nonpoint source pollution in the south. In Proceedings, symposium: The forested wetlands of the Southern United States, 12-14 July 1988, Orlando, FL. Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-50. USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC.

Vose, J.M., W.T. Swank, R.W. Taylor, W.V. Dashek, and A.L. Williams. 1989. Foliar absorption of 15N labeled nitric acid vapor (HNO3) in mature eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.). In Proceedings, Atmospheric Deposition: Symposium of the 3rd Scientific Assembly of the IAHS. 10-12 May 1989. Baltimore, MD. IAHS Publication 179. Oxfordshire, UK.

Swank, W.T., and J.M. Vose. 1988. Effects of cutting practices on microenvironment in relation to hardwood regeneration. In Guidelines for regenerating Appalachian hardwood stands: proceedings of a workshop, 24-26 May 1988, Morgantown, WV. SAF Publication 88-034. West Virginia University Books, Office of Publications, Morgantown, WV.

Swank, W.T., and L.J. Reynolds. 1987. Analysis of dry and wet deposition, throughfall, and stemflow event chemistry in a Pinus strobus L. plantation. Acidification and water pathways. In Proceedings, International symposium on acidification and water pathways, 4-5 May 1987, Bolkesjo, Norway. Norwegian National Committee for Hydrology, Oslo, Norway.

Swank, W.T., J.W. Fitzgerald, and T.C. Strickland. 1987. Microbial incorporation of sulfate into organic matter in forest soils. In Forest hydrogology and watershed management: proceedings of an international symposium held during the XIXth General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, 9-22 August 1987, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. IAHS-AISH Publication 167.

Boring, L.R., and W.T. Swank. 1986. Hardwood biomass and net primary production following clearcutting in the Coweeta Basin. In Proceedings of the 1986 Southern Forest Biomass Workshop, 16-19 June 1986, Knoxville, TN. Tennessee Valley Authority, Norris, TN.

Swank, W.T., and B.C. Reynolds. 1986. Within-tree distribution of woody biomass and nutrients for selected hardwood species. In Proceedings of the 1986 Southern Forest Biomass Workshop, 16-19 June 1986, Knoxville, TN. Tennessee Valley Authority, Norris, TN.

Webster, J.R., and W.T. Swank. 1985. Stream research at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory. In Proceedings of the Specialty Conference on Hydraulics and Hydrology in the Small Computer Age, 12-17 August 1985, Lake Buena Vista, FL. American Society of Civil Engineers, Hydraulics Division, New York, NY.

Webster, J.R., and W.T. Swank. 1985. Within-stream factors affecting nutrient transport from forested and logged watersheds. In Proceedings of forestry and water quality: a mid-south symposium, 8-9 May 1985, Little Rock, AR. University of Arkansas, Department of Forest Resources, Monticello, AR.

Swank, W.T., and W.T.S. Swank. 1984. Dynamics of water chemistry in hardwood and pine ecosystems. In Catchment experiments in fluvial geomorphology: Proceedings of a meeting of the International Geographical Union Commission on Field Experiments in Geomorphology, 16-24 August 198, Exeter and Huddersfield, UK. Geo Books, Norwich, England.

Swank, W.T., and W.T.S. Swank. 1984. Dynamics of water chemistry in hardwood and pine ecosystems. In Catchment experiments in fluvial geomorphology: Proceedings of a meeting of the International Geographical Union Commission on Field Experiments in Geomorphology, 16-24 August 198, Exeter and Huddersfield, UK. Geo Books, Norwich, England.

Swank, W.T., J.W. Fitzgerald, and T.C. Strickland. 1984. Transformations of sulfur in forest floor and soil of a forest ecosystem, pp. 137-145. In Johansson, I. (ed.), Hydrological and hydrogeochemical mechanisms and model approaches to the acidification of ecological systems: International Hydrological Programme (IHP) Workshop, 15-16 September 1984, Uppsala, Sweden. Nordic Hydrological Programme Report No. 10. 198.

Douglass, J.E., and W.T. Swank. 1983. Effects of acid precipitation on nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems of southern Appalachian and Piedmont watersheds: Task Force project T-20. In Proceedings, EPA/NCSU National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program Effects Research Review, 21-24 February 1983, Raleigh, NC.

Van Lear, D.H., W.T. Swank, J.E. Douglass, and J.B. Waide. 1983. Forest managment practices and the nutrient status of a loblolly pine plantation. Proceedings, IUFRO Symposium on Forest Site and Continuous Productivity, 22-28 August 1982, Seattle, WA. General Technical Report PNW-163. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, OR.

Swank, W.T., J.E. Douglass, and G.B. Cunningham. 1982. Changes in water yield and storm hydrographs following commercial clearcutting on a Southern Appalachian catchment. In Hydrological research basins and their use in water resource planning: proceedings of the international symposium, 21-23 September 1982, Berne, Switzerland. Landeshydrologie, Berne, Switzerland.

Swank, W.T. 1981. Models in forest hydrology, an overview. In Proceedings, IUFRO workshop on water and nutrient simulation models, 27 August - 1 September 1979, Birmensdorf, Switzerland. Swiss Federal Institute of Forestry Research, Birmensdorf.

Henderson, G.S., W.T. Swank, and J.W. Hornbeck. 1980. Impacts of sulfur deposition on the quality of water from forested watersheds. In Potential environmental and health consequences of atmospheric sulfur deposition: proceedings of the second life science symposium, 14-18 October 1979, Gatlinburg, TN. Ann Arbor Science Publications, Incorporated, Ann Arbor, MI.

Johnson, D.W., J.W. Hornbeck, J.M. Kelly, W.T. Swank, and D.E. Todd. 1980. Regional patterns of soil sulfate accumulation: relevance to ecosystem sulfur budgets. In Potential environmental and health consequences of atmospheric sulfur deposition: proceedings of the second life science symposium, 14-18 October 1979, Gatlinburg, TN. Ann Arbor Science Publications, Incorporated, Ann Arbor, MI.

Stone, E.L., W.T. Swank, and J.W. Hornbeck. 1980. Impacts of timber harvest and regeneration systems on stream flow and soils in the eastern deciduous region. In Forest soils and land use: Proceedings of the fifth North American forest soils conference, August 1978, Fort Collins, CO. Colorado State University, Department of Forest and Wood Sciences, Fort Collins, CO.

Swank, W.T., and J.B. Waide. 1980. Interpretation of nutrient cycling research in a management context: evaluating potential effects of alternative management strategies on site productivity. In Forests: fresh perspective from ecosystem analysis: Proceedings, 40th Annu. Biol. Colloq, 27 April 1979, Corvallis, OR. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, OR.

Huff, D.D., W.T. Swank, C.A. Troendle, G.S. Henderson, J.B. Waide, and T. Haynes. 1978. Element cycles and water budget analysis applied to forest management in the Eastern United States. In Proceedings, Society of American Foresters, 23 October 1978, St. Louis, MO. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC.

Monk, C.D., D.A. Crossley Jr., R.L. Todd, W.T. Swank, J.B. Waide, and J.R. Webster. 1977. An overview of nutrient cycling research at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory. In Proceedings, Watershed research in eastern North America: a workshop to compare results, 28 February - 3 March 1977, Edgewater, MD. Smithsonian Institution, Edgewater, MD.

Swank, W.T., and J.E. Douglass. 1977. Nutrient budgets for undisturbed and manipulated hardwood forest ecosystems in the mountains of North Carolina. In Proceedings, Watershed research in eastern North America: a workshop to compare results, 28 February - 3 Marcy 1977, Edgewater, MD. Smithsonian Institution, Edgewater, MD.

Waide, J.B., and W.T. Swank. 1977. Simulation of potential effects of forest utilization on the nitrogen cycle in different southeastern ecosystems. In Proceedings, Watershed research in eastern North America: a workshop to compare results. 28 February - 3 Marcy 1977, Edgewater, MD. Smithsonian Institution, Edgewater, MD.

Douglass, J.E., and W.T. Swank. 1976. Multiple use in southern Appalachian hardwoods - a ten-year case history. In Proceedings of the sixteenth International Union of Forestry Research Organizations world congress, 20 June - 2 July 1976, Oslo, Norway. IUFRO Secretariat, Vienna, Austria.

Dissmeyer, G.E., E.S. Corbett, and W.T. Swank. 1975. Summary of municipal watershed management surveys in the Eastern United States. In Proceedings, municipal watershed management symposium, 1973. General Technical Report NE-13. USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Broomall, PA.

Douglass, J.E., and W.T. Swank. 1975. Effects of management practices on water quality and quantity: Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, North Carolina. In Proceedings of the municipal watershed management symposium, 11-12 September 1973, University Park, PA; 19-20 September 1973, Durham, NG. General Technical Report NE-13. USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Experiment Station, Broomall, PA.

Moore, A., and W.T. Swank. 1975. A model of water content and evaporation for hardwood leaf litter. In Proceedings, Mineral cycling in southeastern ecosystems: ERDA Symposium Series (Conf-740513), 1-3 May 1974, Augusta, GA. National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA.

Swank, W.T., and J.E. Douglass. 1975. Nutrient flux in undisturbed and manipulated forest ecosystems in the southern Appalachian Mountains. In Proceedings of the Tokyo symposium on the hydrological characteristics of river basins, December 1975, Tokyo, Japan. International Association of Hydrological Science, Washington, DC.

Waide, J.B., and W.T. Swank. 1975. Nutrient recycling and the stability of ecosystems: Implications for forest management in the southeastern U.S., pp. 404-424. In Proceedings, National Convention Society of American Foresters: America's Renewable Resource Potential 1975: The Turning Point, 28 Septermber - 2 October 1975, Washington, D.C. Society of American Foresters, Bethesda, MD.

Schreuder, H.T., and W.T. Swank. 1973. Statistical considerations in sampling biomass and surface area over time for a Pinus strobus L. forest. In Proceedings, IUFRO biomass studies, working party on the mensuration of the forest biomass, S4.01 Mensuration growth and yield, 25-29 June 1973, Nancy, France; 20-24 August 1973, Vancouver, Canada. University of Maine, College of Life Sciences and Agriculture, Orono, ME.

Swank, W.T., and H.T. Schreuder. 1973. Temporal changes in biomass, surface area and net production for a Pinus strobus L. forest. In Proceedings, International Union of Forest Research Organizations biomass studies, working party on the mensuration of forest biomass, 25-29 June 1973, Nancy, France; 20-24 August 1973, Vancouver, Canada. College of Life Sciences and Agriculture, University of Maine, Orono, Maine.

Burgess, R.L., and W.T. Swank. 1972. Analysis of ecosystems in the Eastern Deciduous Forest Biome -U.S. International Biological Program. In Proceedings of the Seventh World Forestry Congress, 3-14 October 1972, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Librart, Department of Argentine Scientific Publications, Buenos Aries, Argentina.

Swank, W.T. 1972. Soils and water. In Social and political influence in the managed forest: proceedings of the eleventh Auburn forestry forum, December 1972, Auburn, AL. Cooperative Extension Service, Auburn University, Auburn, AL.

Schreuder, H.T., and W.T. Swank. 1971. A comparison of several statistical models in forest biomass and surface area estimation. In Proceedings, Forest biomass studies, 15th meeting of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations, 15-20 March 1971, Gainesville, FL. Miscellaneous Publication 132. University of Maine, Life Sciences and Agriculture Experiment Station, Orono, ME.

Swank, W.T., and J.D. Helvey. 1970. Reduction of streamflow increases following regrowth of clearcut hardwood forests. In Proceedings, Symposium on the results of research on representative and experimental basins, December 1970, Wellington, New Zealand. Publication 96. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization - International Association of Scientific Hydrology, Leuven, Belgium.

Swank, W.T. 1968. The influence of rainfall interception on streamflow. In Proceedings, hydrologic water resource management conference, 28-29 March 1968, Clemson, SC. Rep. 4. Clemson University Water Resources Research Institute, Clemson, SC.

Conference Posters and Presentations

Elliott, K., Swank, W.T., 2009. "Long-Term Vegetation Changes in Coweeta Basin, Southern Appalachian Mountains, a USDA Forest Service Experimental Forest." 7th North American Forest Ecology Workshop. June 2009

Swank, W.T., Yeakley, J.A., 2009., "Storm Hydrograph Responses to Conversion to White Pine Forest in the Southern Appalachian Mountains," American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting 2009

Reports

Clinton, B.D., J.M. Vose, W.T. Swank, E.C. Berg, and D.L Loftis. 1998. Fuel consumption and fire characteristics during understory burning in a mixed white pine-hardwood stand in the Southern Appalachians: Research Paper SRS-12. USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Asheville, NC.

Stickney, P.L., L.W. Swift, and W.T. Swank (comp.). 1994. Annotated bibliography of publications on watershed management and ecological studies at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, 1934-1994. Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-86. USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC.

Ffolliott, P.F., and W.T. Swank (eds.). 1991. People and the temperate region: a summary of research from the United States Man and the Biosphere Program 1991, Publication 9838. U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Washington, DC.

Vose, J.M., and W.T. Swank. 1991. A soil temperature model for closed canopied forest stands. Research Paper SE-281. USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC.

Ffolliott, P.F., and W.T. Swank (eds.). 1986. Potentials of noncommercial forest biomass for energy. In Technical Bulletin. University of Arizona, School of Renewable Natural Resources, Tucson, AZ.

Johnson, D., J. Kelly, W. Swank, D. Cole, J. Hornbeck, R. Pierce, and D. Van Lear. 1985.A comparative evaluation of the effects of acid precipitation, natural acid production, and harvesting on cation removal from forests: Publication 2508, part 1 of 6. Oak Ridge National Laboratory/TM 9706. National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, VA.

Swank, W.T. 1985. Effects of commercial clearcutting on nutrient losses in Appalachain forests.

Gaskin, J.W., J.E. Douglass, and W.T. Swank. 1984. Annotated bibliography of publications on watershed management and ecological studies at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, 1934-1984: Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-30. USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC.

Singer, F.J., W.T. Swank, and E.E.C. Clebsch. 1982. Some ecosystem responses to European wild boar rooting in a deciduous forest. NPS-SER Research/Resources Mgt. Rep. 54. U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, Atlanta, GA.

Swank, W.T. 1978. Ecosystem studies program. National Science Foundation Program Report 2(4). Environmental Biology. National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.

McSwain, M.R., and W.T. Swank. 1977. Fluctuations in naturally occurring populations of enteric bacteria in oligotrophic streams of western North Carolina: Res. Note SE-158. USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC.

Waide, J.B., and W.T. Swank. 1975. Acid deposition--Outflow relationships for forested watersheds at Coweeta.

Douglass, J.E., and W.T. Swank. 1972. Streamflow modification through management of eastern forests: Res. Pap. SE-94. USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC.

Proposals

Renewal proposal to the National Science Foundation. 1990. Manuscript on file. Coweeta LTER, University of Georgia.

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