The searchable CWT LTER publications database includes over 2100 publications from CWT LTER researchers and USFS Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory researchers. The database is a valuable resource for researchers who know what they are looking for, but it is daunting for people trying to get a sense of major scientific findings of the CWT LTER program. The set of publications below has been selected from only those studies partially or fully funded by the NSF LTER program (1980-present) or the NSF IBP program (1974-1980), and these publications provide an overview of major findings generated from CWT LTER research.
Interdisciplinary Syntheses of Long-term CWT data
Long-Term Response of a Forest Watershed Ecosystem: Clearcutting in the Southern Appalachians Swank, WT, and JR Webster (eds.). 2014. 247 pp. Oxford University Press, New York
Forest Hydrology and Ecology at Coweeta Swank, WT, and DA Crossley, Jr. (eds.) 1988. Springer-Verlag, New York, New York.
Hwang, T, LE Band, CF Miniat, CH Song, PV Bolstad, JM Vose, and JP Love. 2014. Divergent phenological response to hydroclimate variability in forested mountain watersheds. Global Change Biology 20(8):2580-2595.
Clark, JS. 2010. Individuals and the variation needed for high species diversity in forest trees. Science 327:1129-1132.
Ford, CR and JM Vose. 2007. Tsuga Canadensis (L.) Carr. Mortality will impact hydrologic process in Southern Appalachian forest ecosystems. Ecological Applications 17(4):1156-1167.
Fraterrigo, JM, MG Turner, SM Pearson, and P Dixon. 2005. Effects of past land use on spatial heterogeneity of soil nutrients in southern Appalachian forests. Ecological Monographs 75(2):215-230.
Mitchell, CE, MG Turner, and SM Pearson. 2002. Effects of historical land use and forest patch size on myrmecochores and ant communities. Ecological Applications 12(5):1364-1377.
HilleRisLambers,J, JS Clark, and B Beckage. 2002. Density dependent mortality and the latitudinal gradient in species diversity. Nature 417:732-735.
Clark, JS, E Macklin, and L Wood. 1998. Stages and spatial scales of recruitment limitation in forests. Ecological Monographs 68(2):213-235.
Boring, LR, CD Monk, WT Swank. 1981. Early regeneration of a clearcut southern Appalachian forest. Ecology 62(5):1244-1253.
Price, K, and DS Leigh. 2006. Morphological and sedimentological responses of streams to human impact in the southern Blue Ridge Mountains, USA. Geomorphology 78(1):142-160.
Harding, JS, EF Benfield, PV Bolstad, GS Helfman, and EBD Jones III. 1998. Stream biodiversity: The ghost of land use past. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 95:14843-14847.
Wallace, JB, SL Eggert, JL Meyer, and JR Webster. 1997. Multiple trophic levels of a forest stream linked to terrestrial litter inputs. Science 277:102-104.
Hedman, CW, DH Van Lear, and WT Swank. 1996. In-stream large woody debris loading and riparian forest seral stage associations in the southern Appalachian mountains. Can. J. For. Res. 26:1218-1227.
Wallace, JB., JR Webster, and TF Cuffney. 1982. Stream detritus dynamics: regulation by invertebrate consumers. Oecologia 53:197-200.
Webster, JR, and BC Patten. 1979. Effects of watershed perturbation on stream potassium and calcium dynamics. Ecological Monographs 49:51-72.
Wallace, JB, SL Eggert, JL Meyer, and JR Webster. 1999. Effects of resource limitation on a detrital based ecosystem. Ecological Monographs 69(4):409-442.
Wallace, JB, JR Webster, and JL Meyer. 1995. Influence of log additions on physical and biotic characteristics of a mountain stream. Can. J. Fish. Aq. Sci. 52(10): 2120-2137.
Wallace, JB, NR Whiles, S Eggert, TF Cuffney, GJ Lugthart, and K Chung. 1995. Long term dynamics of coarse particulate organic matter in three Appalachian Mountain streams. J. North Amer. Benth. Soc. 14(2):217-232.
Huryn, AD and JB Wallace. 1987. Local geomorphology as a determinant of macrofaunal production in a mountain stream. Ecology 68(6):1932-1942.
Social drivers of ecosystem change
Vercoe,R, M Welch-Devine, R Hardy, J Demoss, S Bonney, K Allen, JP Brosius, D Charles, B Crawford, S Heisel, NHeynen, R de Jesús-Crespo, N.Nibbelink, L Parker, C. Pringle, A Shaw, L Van Sant. 2014. Acknowledging Trade-offs and Understanding Complexity: Exurbanization Issues in Macon County, North Carolina. Ecology and Society: A Journal of Integrative Science for Resilience and Sustainability 19(1):23
Gragson, TL, and M Grove. 2006. Social science in the context of the Long Term Ecological Research Program. Society and Natural Resources 19(2):93-100.
Wear, DN, and P. Bolstad. 1998. Land-use changes in southern Appalachian landscapes: spatial analysis and forecast evaluation. Ecosystems 1:575-594.
Wear, DN, MG Turner, and RO Flamm. 1996. Ecosystem management with multiple owners: landscape dynamics in a southern Appalachian watershed. Ecological Applications 6(4):1173-1188.
Cross-site and Cross-biome Syntheses
Bain, DJ, MB Green, JL Campbell, JF Chamblee, S Chaoka, JM Fraterribo, SS Kaushal, SL Marting, TE Jordan, AJ Parolari, WV Sobczak, DE Weller, WM Wolheim, ER Boose, JM Duncan, GM Gettel, BR Hall, P Kumar, JR Thompson, JM Vose, EM Elliott, and DS Leigh. 2012. Legacy effects in material flux: Structural catchment changes predate long-term studies. Bioscience 62(6):575-584.
Zhu, K., CW Woodall, and JS Clark. 2011. Failure to migrate: lack of tree range expansion in response to climate change. Global Change Biology, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02571.x
Clark, JS, D Bell, C Chu, B Courbaud, M Dietze, M Hersh, J HilleRisLambers, I Ibanez, SL LaDeau, SM McMahon, CJE Metcalf, J Mohan, E Moran, L Pangle, S Pearson, C Salk, Z Shen, D Valle, and P Wyckoff. 2010. High dimensional coexistence based on individual variation: a synthesis of evidence. Ecological Monographs, 80, 569–608.
Fraterrigo JM and JA Rusak. 2008. Disturbance-driven changes in the variability of ecological patterns and processes. Ecology letters 11(7): 756-770.
Mulholland, PJ, AM Helton, GC Poole, RO Hall, SK Hamilton, BJ Peterson, JL Tank, LR Ashkenas, LW Cooper, CN Dahm, WK Dodds, SEG Findlay, SV Gregory, NB Grimm, SL Johnson, WH McDowell, JL Meyer, HM Valett, JR Webster, CP Arango, JJ Beaulieu, MJ Bernot, AJ Burgin, CL Crenshaw, LT Johnson, BR Niederlehner, JM O'Brien, JD Potter, RW Sheibley, DJ Sobota, and SM Thomas. 2008. Stream denitrification across biomes and its response to anthropogenic nitrate loading. Nature 452:202-246.
Ellison, AM, MS Bank, BD Clinton, EA Colburn, K Elliott, CR Ford, and 13 others. 2005. Loss of foundation species: Consequences for the structure and dynamics of forested ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3(9):479-486.
Peterson, BJ, WM Wollheim, PJ Mulholland, JR Webster, JL Meyer, JL Tank, E Marti, WB Bowden, HM Valett, AE Hershey, WH McDowell, WK Dodds, SK Hamilton, S Gregory, and DD Morrall. 2001. Control of nitrogen export from watersheds by headwater streams. Science 292:86-90.
Webster, JR, and JL Meyer. 1997. Stream organic matter budgets: a synthesis. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 16:141-161.
SIGNATURE PUBLICATIONS from CWT VI - Southern Appalachia on the Edge
Fraterrigo JM, Wagner S, Warren RJ. 2014. Local-scale biotic interactions embedded in macroscale climate drivers suggest Eltonian noise hypothesis distribution patterns for an invasive grass. Ecology Letters 17: 1447-1454.
Brantley, S, CR Ford, and JM Vose. 2013. Future species composition will affect forest water use after loss of eastern hemlock from southern Appalachian forests. Ecological Applications 23(4):777-790.
Cheever, BM, JR Webster, EE Bilger, and SA Thomas. 2013. The relative importance of exogenous and substrate derived nitrogen for microbial growth during leaf decomposition. Ecology 94:1614-1625.
Warren RJ II and L Chick. 2013. Upward ant distribution shift corresponds with minimum not maximum temperature tolerance. Global Change Biology 19(7):2082-2088.
Kirk, RW, PV Bolstad, SM Manson. 2012. Spatio-temporal trend analysis of long-term development patterns (1990-2030) in a southern Appalachian County. Landscape and Urban Planning 104(1):47-58.
Webster, JR, K Morkeski, CA Wojculewski, BR Niederlehner, EF Benfield, and KJ Elliott. 2012. Effects of hemlock mortality on streams in the southern Appalachian Mountains. American Midland Naturalist 168:112-131.
Clark JS, DM Bell, MH Hersh, and L Nichols. 2011. Climate change vulnerability of forest biodiversity: Climate and resource tracking of demographic rates. Global Change Biology 17:1834-49.
Hwang, T., C Song, JM Vose, and LE Band. 2011a. Topography-mediated controls on local vegetation phenology estimated from MODIS vegetation index. Landscape Ecology 26(4):541-556.
Milanovich, JR, WE Peterman, NP Nibbelink, and JC Maerz. 2010. Projected loss of a salamander diversity hotspot as a consequence of projected global climate change. Plos One, 5(8), e12189.
Price, K, CR Jackson, and AJ Parker. 2010. Variation of surficial soil hydraulic properties across land uses in the southern Blue Ridge Mountains. Journal of Hydrology 383:256-268.
Kominoski, JS, TJ Hoellein, JJ Kelly, and CM Pringle. 2009. Does mixing litter of different qualities alter stream microbial diversity and functioning on individual litter species? Oikos 118(3):457-463.